Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is a famous 481 km² located in Nellore, Chittoor districts of Andhra Pradesh and Protected area in Thiruvallur District of Tamil Nadu state near Elavur in South India. Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish-water eco-system in India after Chilka lake in Orissa. International name: Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, IBA Code: IN261, Criteria: A1, A4iii.
Painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala)
Central location is: 13°34′N 80°12′E / 13.567°N 80.200°E. 327.33 km² is managed by the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department and 153.67 km² is managed by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department. 108 km² is National Park area. Rainfall ranges from 800 - 2000mm. Temperature varies from 14 °C to 33 °C. Altitude ranges from 100’ MSL to 1200’ MSL.
The sanctuary is most noted for the many greater flamingos seen here. The biodiversity of this lake attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors per year.
Pulicat Lake may disappear within 100 years by being filled up with silt. Government and private NGO efforts are working to halt lake destruction.