Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

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Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is a famous 481 km² located in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh and Protected area in Thiruvallur District of Tamil Nadu state in South India. Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish-water eco-system in India after Chilka lake in Orissa.[1] International name: Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, IBA Code: IN261, Criteria: A1, A4iii.[2]

Pulicat-spotted pelican
Painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala)


Central location is: 13°34′N 80°12′E / 13.567°N 80.200°E / 13.567; 80.200. 327.33 km² is managed by the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department[3] and 153.67 km² is managed by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department. 108 km² is National Park area. Rainfall ranges from 800 - 2000mm. Temperature varies from 14 °C to 33 °C. Altitude ranges from 100’ MSL to 1200’ MSL.[1]


The sanctuary is most noted for the many greater flamingos seen here.[1][4] The biodiversity of this lake attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors per year.


Pulicat Lake may disappear within 100 years by being filled up with silt.[5] Government and private NGO efforts are working to halt lake destruction.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Tamil Nadu Forest Department retrieved 9/9/2007 Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary
  2. ^ BirdLife International Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. ^ Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, PULICAT Wildlife Sanctuary
  4. ^ Bird Forum, Pulicat Lake (Andhra Pradesh) (2008)
  5. ^ Raj,P. J. Sanjeeva. MACRO FAUNA OF PULICAT LAKE, National Biodiversity Authority Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. (2006)