Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

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Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary is a famous 481 km² located in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh and Protected area in Thiruvallur District of Tamil Nadu, India. Pulicat Lake is the second largest brackish-water eco-system in India after Chilka lake in Orissa.[1] International name: Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary, IBA Code: IN261, Criteria: A1, A4iii.[2]

Pulicat-spotted pelican
Painted stork (Mycteria leucocephala)


Central location is: 13°34′N 80°12′E / 13.567°N 80.200°E / 13.567; 80.200. 327.33 km² is managed by the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department[3] and 153.67 km² is managed by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department. 108 km² is National Park area. Rainfall ranges from 800 - 2000mm. Temperature varies from 14 °C to 33 °C. Altitude ranges from 100’ MSL to 1200’ MSL.[1]


The sanctuary is most noted for the many greater flamingos seen here.[1][4] It also attracts many migratory birds and also is a feeding and nesting ground for aquatic and terrestrial birds such as pelicans, storks,etc. The biodiversity of this lake attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors per year.


Pulicat Lake may disappear within 100 years by being filled up with silt.[5] Government and private NGO efforts are working to halt lake destruction.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Tamil Nadu Forest Department retrieved 9/9/2007 Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary Archived 4 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ BirdLife International Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
  3. ^ Andhra Pradesh Forest Department, PULICAT Wildlife Sanctuary Archived 25 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Bird Forum, Pulicat Lake (Andhra Pradesh) (2008)
  5. ^ Raj,P. J. Sanjeeva. MACRO FAUNA OF PULICAT LAKE Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, National Biodiversity Authority Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. (2006)