Pulilan, Bulacan

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Pulilan
Municipality
Municipality of Pulilan
Bayan Ng Pulilan
Pulilan Bulacan skyline view from CdSP buildingjwilz.jpg
Municippuljf.JPG
PulilanChurchBulacanjf9644 09.JPG
0394ajfKneeling Carabaos Festival Pulilan Fiestafvf 09.jpg
0394ajfKneeling Carabaos Festival Pulilan Fiestafvf 18.jpg
0133a jfKneeling Carabaosl Pulilan Fiestafvf 07.jpg
From top, left to right: Skyline of Pulilan from Barangay Paltao;
Pulilan Municipal Hall;
San Isidro Labrador Parish Church;
kneeling carabaos and church decorations at the annual Carabao festival
Official seal of Pulilan
Seal
Nickname(s): Pulo ng Ilan
The Center of Commerce and Industry in Northern Bulacan
Home of the Kneeling Carabao Festival
The Blessed Land
Motto(s): Celebrate Pulilan Power!
Anthem: Himno ng Pulilan
Ako ang Pulileño
Map of Bulacan with Pulilan highlighted
Map of Bulacan with Pulilan highlighted
Pulilan is located in Philippines
Pulilan
Pulilan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°54′N 120°51′E / 14.9°N 120.85°E / 14.9; 120.85Coordinates: 14°54′N 120°51′E / 14.9°N 120.85°E / 14.9; 120.85
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Flag of Bulacan.gif Bulacan
District 1st District
Founded January 20, 1796
Barangays 19
Government[1][2]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Maritz Ochoa-Montejo (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Ricardo Candido (PDP-Laban)
 • Electorate 53,638 voters (2016)
Area[3]
 • Total 39.89 km2 (15.40 sq mi)
Highest elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 97,323
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
 • Poverty rate Positive decrease 4.8%
Demonym(s) Pulileño, Pulileña
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 3005
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 1st class urban
• Revenue (2017) Increase PHP 383.60 million (18%)
• Expenses (2017) Increase PHP 315.34 million (12%)
• Total Assets (2017) Increase PHP 524.22 million (13%)
Electricity Manila Electric Company
• Consumption 63.65 million kWh (2003)
Website www.pulilan.gov.ph

Pulilan, officially the Municipality of Pulilan (Tagalog: Bayan ng Pulilan; Kapampangan: Balen ning Pulilan), is a first class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 97,323 people.[4] The town is famous for its Carabao Festival where carabaos are paraded and kneel as they pass through San Isidro Labrador Parish Church, in honor to the town's patron saint, San Isidro Labrador.[5]

Many years ago, Pulilan was primarily a little-known rural town in the northern part of Bulacan where its economy heavily dependent on farming and poultry raising. Most of the population committed their entire lives on farming as their livelihood. Today, the town is moving towards commercialization and industrialization as it is becoming one of the major growth-rate area and center of commerce and industry in the province.

Because of the major economic growth, due to presence of commercial establishments, real estates, industrial plants and major road projects. Pulilan has experienced increased in the total gross income in the past few years. The town's income in year 2016 was P323.86 million, an increase of P69.27 million from its previous income in 2014. It surpass the income of fifteen municipalities in Bulacan such as San Miguel, Bocaue, Plaridel, Hagonoy and Calumpit.

With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now included in Manila built up area which reaches San Ildefonso in its Northernmost part.

Etymology[edit]

In the beginning, Pulilan is neither its name nor a town. History has it that the place is a marshy or swampland which forms part of Pampanga, along the Candaba Bay. Because of the vastness of its area, Pulilan was created out of the districts of Baliuag and Quingua (now Plaridel) and coming from the Pampango word "Kengwa", meaning on the other side of the shore or kabilang ibayo. In 1794, the place was named San Isidro by the missionary Augustinian friars in honor of San Isidro Labrador, the patron saint of the farmers. On January 20, 1796, it was called Pulilan. There are no written records how the place is named Pulilan. But legend has it that is derived from Pulo ng Ilan, literally, clusters of small communities or isles. According to Antoon Postma in his "The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI) - A Valuable Philippine Document" this copperplate with inscription discovered at Lumbang River near the Laguna Lake area in Laguna dates back to 900 A.D. In this inscription was mentioned the name Puliran, as the old name for southeastern lake area. The toponyms or place names Puliran is Pulilan, Bulacan and Pulilan is in Laguna de Bay. However, Mr. Postma is convinced in his studies that Pulilan in the LCI is the Pulilan along the Angat River, in the Province of Bulacan, north of Manila.[6][7]

History[edit]

The first time Pulilan was settled was unknown but if existing records of the towns of Calumpit and Baliuag, between which the town lies, be made a basis, it could be deduced that in the early part of the 17th century it could have had a sprinkling of settlers. However, the ancient town of Pulilan was first documented as Puliran in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, a pre-colonial Philippine document written in 900 A.D. The native population at the time of the document were ruled by the sovereign Lord Ka-Sumuran (see Laguna Copperplate Inscription).

During Spanish regime, an Augustian fray, Fray Vicente Villamanzaro, was made to declare the settlement of a town on January 20, 1796. It was assigned a patron saint, San Isidro Labrador, after whose name he wanted the town identified. On this time, the head of the town was called Kapitan. It was only in 1819 that Pulilan has as its first Kapitan, Kapitan Francisco Paltao. In 1898, the first Presidente Municipal was Froilan Cahiwat. In 1904, when Anacleto Batongbacal was the Presidente Municipal, Pulilan was annexed to Quingua and became its sitio. In 1908, as the Pulilenos rallied behind the candidacy of their son Adriano Salvador, he was elected Presidente Municipal of Quinqua. Then in 1909, representations were made by Eugenio Tiangco, Hilario Esguerra, Adriano Salvador and others with Governor Teodoro Sandico to separate Pulilan from Quingua. It was granted. Pulilan then became a town, with Eugenio Tiangco as its Presidente. In 1946, Catalino Flores was appointed as the first Mayor of Pulilan.

From the Spanish time to American occupation and lately the Japanese era, many sons of the town of Pulilan shed their blood. After long march to freedom, Pulilenos started to build from its small beginnings and from then on made a great stride in politics, economy, social standing and in other fields.The influence of the Spanish, American and Japanese occupations, have in a measure, contributed to the promotion of their welfare, but the Pulileños, as they are known, treasure their great heritage. San Isidro Labrador or Saint Isidore the Laborer, the patron saint of the farmers, is the patron saint of the town as well. The traditional date of his liturgical feast, which through not included in the General Roman Calendar has been celebrated for centuries in several countries and diocese is May 15. However, it is in the 14th day of May that Pulileños (people of Pulilan) celebrate the feast in honor of their saint by parading carabaos and making them kneel in front of the church as a sign of respect for their patron saint of farmers. Also included in the parade are cows, horses, street folk dancers, marching bands and floats of commercial establishments of the town.[8]

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Pulilan is one of the 21 towns of Bulacan province, located in about its center—from north to south. It lies 50 kilometres north-west of Manila, the capital city of the country and 20 kilometres (31 mi) away from the Malolos, the capital of the province. It has an area of about 4,073 hectares (40.73 sq. kilometers). It is bounded on the north by Apalit in Pampanga; on the east by Baliuag; on the south by Plaridel; and on the west by Calumpit. The Angat River cutting its way through the eastern edge of Baliuag, and the southern fringes of Pulilan down to the tributary of Manila Bay south-west of Calumpit, serves as the boundary with Plaridel.

The municipality is generally of flat topography. Eleven (11) of its barangays are bounded by the Angat River. The rest are flat irrigated rice lands. Soil types vary from sandy loam to clay loam which makes the municipality suitable to a wide range of agricultural products.[9]

Most of the barangays in Pulilan have low susceptibility to flooding. Those portion with moderate to high susceptibility to flooding are barangays that are near or adjacent to creeks that are tributaries of the Angat River and barangays that are low-lying such as Dulong Malabon and Inaon.

Land use[edit]

Most of the existing municipal land use area is for agricultural purposes, about 27.92 square kilometres (10.78 sq mi) or 68.55% of the town's land area is primarily for crop production. While the 12.8076 square kilometres (4.95 sq. mi) or 31.45 % of available land is dedicated for residential, commercial, industrial and institutional purposes.[10]

Climate[edit]

Based on the Köppen climate classification system, the climate is tropical in Pulilan. During most months of the year, there is significant rainfall in Pulilan. There is only a short dry season. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Am. The temperature here averages 27.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2328 mm. The driest month is February. There is 11 mm of precipitation in February. Most precipitation falls in July, with an average of 501 mm. With an average of 29.2 °C, May is the warmest month. In January, the average temperature is 25.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year. The precipitation varies 490 mm between the driest month and the wettest month. The average temperatures vary during the year by 3.7 °C.

Climate data for Pulilan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
31.0
(87.8)
32.5
(90.5)
33.9
(93)
33.9
(93)
32.3
(90.1)
31.0
(87.8)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86)
31.5
(88.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
26.1
(79)
27.4
(81.3)
28.7
(83.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.3
(82.9)
27.3
(81.1)
27.2
(81)
27.1
(80.8)
27.3
(81.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
27.2
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
21.2
(70.2)
22.3
(72.1)
23.6
(74.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73)
22.0
(71.6)
23
(73.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.71)
11
(0.43)
17
(0.67)
41
(1.61)
210
(8.27)
324
(12.76)
501
(19.72)
500
(19.69)
340
(13.39)
175
(6.89)
133
(5.24)
85
(3.35)
2,355
(92.73)
Source: climate-data.org[11]

Barangays[edit]

Pulilan is politically subdivided into 19 barangays. The biggest barangay in terms of land area is Dulong Malabon while the most populated barangay is Poblacion and the least populated barangay is Sta. Peregrina.

All of the barangays in the municipality is administrated by its duly-elected barangay captain. The barangay captain is aided by the Sangguniang Barangay (Barangay Council) whose members, seven Barangay Kagawad (Councilors), are also elected. On the other hand, Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) council represent the youth in each barangay.

Pulilan Map

Population[edit]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[4] 2010[12]
031418001 Balatong A 1.7% 1,656 1,553 1.23%
031418002 Balatong B 3.8% 3,691 3,402 1.56%
031418003 Cutcot 7.3% 7,152 4,844 7.70%
031418005 Dampol 1st 6.2% 6,028 5,602 1.41%
031418006 Dampol 2nd A 4.3% 4,225 3,001 6.73%
031418007 Dampol 2nd B 4.8% 4,706 3,958 3.35%
031418008 Dulong Malabon 4.0% 3,926 4,180 −1.19%
031418009 Inaon 8.3% 8,031 7,530 1.23%
031418010 Longos 5.6% 5,426 5,105 1.17%
031418011 Lumbac 4.2% 4,073 3,958 0.55%
031418018 Paltao 6.7% 6,543 5,705 2.64%
031418020 Peñabatan 2.1% 1,996 1,925 0.69%
031418022 Poblacion 12.6% 12,227 11,858 0.59%
031418025 Sta Peregrina 1.6% 1,553 1,335 2.92%
031418026 Sto Cristo 7.0% 6,831 6,405 1.23%
031418033 Taal 7.0% 6,774 5,711 3.30%
031418034 Tabon 4.5% 4,355 3,649 3.43%
031418035 Tinejero 4.4% 4,235 2,845 7.87%
031418037 Tibag 4.0% 3,889 3,278 3.31%
Total 97,323 85,844 2.42%

Land area[edit]

Overview of Pulilan and Angat River
Barangays
Land Area
(km²)
Classification[13]
Density
(/km²)
Balatong A 1.19 Urban 1,392
Balatong B 1.91 Urban 1,932
Cutcot 3.22 Urban 2,221
Dampol 1st 1.46 Urban 4,129
Dampol 2nd A 1.16 Urban 3,642
Dampol 2nd B 1.48 Urban 3,180
Dulong Malabon 5.46 Urban 720
Inaon 3.50 Urban 2,295
Longos 1.19 Urban 4,560
Lumbac 1.24 Urban 3,247
Paltao 2.18 Urban 3,001
Peñabatan 3.10 Urban 644
Poblacion 2.27 Urban 5,326
Sta Peregrina 1.51 Urban 1,028
Sto Cristo 1.54 Urban 4,436
Taal 3.42 Urban 2,779
Tabon 2.37 Urban 1,839
Tinejero 1.29 Urban 3,283
Tibag 1.26 Urban 3,087
Total 39.89 Urban 2,440
  1.      ^ industrial barangays (included in TDTIA and DIA Area)
  2.      ^ commercial barangays
  3.      ^ agricultural/residential barangays

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Pulilan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,665—    
1918 10,160+0.33%
1939 12,693+1.07%
1948 16,843+3.19%
1960 20,436+1.62%
1970 28,923+3.53%
1975 34,234+3.44%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 38,110+2.17%
1990 48,199+2.38%
1995 59,682+4.09%
2000 68,188+2.90%
2007 85,008+3.09%
2010 85,844+0.36%
2015 97,323+2.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][12][14][15]

The municipality’s population grew twice by 49,124 from 48,199 in 1990 to 97,323 in 2015. The continuous increase in the population of Pulilan may not only be attributed to growing population of the natives but also to the influx of migrants from nearby places. In the 2015 census, the population of Pulilan, Bulacan, was 97,323 people,[4] with a density of 2,400 inhabitants per square kilometre or 6,200 inhabitants per square mile.

10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
100,000
1990
1,210/km2
1995
1,500/km2
2000
1,700/km2
2007
2,100/km2
2010
2,200/km2
2015
2,400/km2

Ethnic groups[edit]

The original settlers and natives in Pulilan are primarily Tagalog people, one of the most widespread groups of people in the Philippines. Several Kapampangans also started settling here before. The municipality is currently experiencing influx of migrants by being a part of the Greater Manila Area (GMA) so there is also a considerably minor population of Bicolano, Ilocano, Ilonggo, Pangasinense and Visayans.

Languages[edit]

Like other places in Luzon, the most spoken language in Pulilan is Tagalog. Some of its residents speak and use Kapampangan language due to its proximity to the province of Pampanga. However, in schools and other institutions, English and Tagalog are alternately use as medium of instruction.

Literacy[edit]

In 2008, the total number of households are 17,002. Ninety-nine percent of the total number of household members are literate. They are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.[16]

Religion[edit]

Mahal na Señor Jesus Nazareno Chapel in Lumbac

Catholicism[edit]

Like other municipalities in the Philippines, majority of the inhabitants of Pulilan are adherents of the Catholic Church. This is evident by their strong faith and devotion to the town's patron saint, San Isidro Labrador. Each barangay and sitio has their own respective chapel where they perform their mass and other liturgical services. The San Isidro Parish Church is the only parish church in the municipality and it is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Malolos.[17]

Iglesia ni Cristo[edit]

Iglesia ni Cristo also holds a strong presence in the municipality by establishing worship centers in barangay Cutcot, Dampol 2nd-A, Inaon and Santo Cristo. These locales are included in the Ecclesiastical District of Bulacan North.[18]

Others[edit]

Other religious groups represented include the following: Members Church of God International (Ang Dating Daan), Jesus Is Lord Church, Baptist, Jehovah's Witness, Methodist and other evangelical groups.

Government[edit]

façade of Pulilan Municipal Hall

Just as the national government, the municipal government of Pulilan is divided into three branches which are the executive, legislative and judiciary. The Local Government Units (LGUs) have control of the executive and legislative branch. While the judicial branch is administrated solely by the Supreme Court (SC).

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and barangay captain for the barangay. The legislative branch is composed of the Sanguniang Bayan (town council) and Sanguniang Barangay (Barangay council). The council is in charge of creating the municipality's policies in the form of ordinance and resolution. The Mayor is the executive head and leads the municipal department in executing ordinances and improving public services. The Vice Mayor heads a council consisting of 10 members, 8 councilors and 2 ex-officio members (ABC President and SK Federation President).

Current officials[edit]

Here is the list of the elected officials of the Municipality of Pulilan:

Municipal Government of Pulilan Officials (2016-2019) [19] [20]
Position Name Term Votes
received
Party Other team
or alliance
Mayor Maritz Ochoa-Montejo 1st term 19,217 Liberal
Vice Mayor Ricardo Candido 1st term 20,884 PDP-Laban Team Let's Go Pulileño
Councilors Enoc "Jayjay" Santos Jr. 3rd term 25,551 PDP-Laban Team Let's Go Pulileño
Rolando "RJ" Peralta Jr. 2nd term 25,090 Liberal
Atty. Renan Castillo 3rd term 21,739 PDP-Laban Team Let's Go Pulileño
Rodolfo "Rudy" Arceo 1st term 20,292 Liberal
Bernardino "Bernard" Santos 2nd term 19,442 Liberal
Reynaldo "Jr" Clemente Jr. 2nd term 19,082 Liberal
Restituto "Tito" Esguerra 1st term 17,285 Independent Team Let's Go Pulileño
Lauro "Puroy" Valenzuela 2nd term 17,172 Liberal
Ex Officio
ABC President
Dennis M. Cruz
Sto Cristo Nonpartisan
SK Federation President
Kier John Dave Esguerra
Tibag Nonpartisan
  • Maritz Ochoa-Montejo is the first female mayor of Pulilan and one of the few female officials in the Philippine government while Ricardo Candido, a former councilor, won as the new Vice Mayor in a tight race over his closest rival Dr. Carlo Castillo, son of the former Vice Mayor Elpidio Castillo.
  • Five of the current councilors of Pulilan are from Liberal Party while the two other councilors are from PDP-Laban and one councilor ran as an independent candidate.

Past officials[edit]

2013-2016 Municipal Officials [21]
Position Name Party
Mayor Vicente Esguerra, Sr. Independent
Vice Mayor Elpidio Castillo Independent
Councilors
Ricardo "Rec" Candido Independent
Richard Nethercott UNA
Gilbert "Atorni" Muñoz Independent
RJ Peralta Independent
Enoc "Jayjay" Santos Jr. Independent
Lauro "Puroy" Valenzuela Independent
Bernardino "Bernard" Santos Independent
Atty. Renan Castillo Independent
2010-2013 Municipal Officials [22]
Position Name Party
Mayor Vicente Esguerra, Sr. Liberal
Vice Mayor Elpidio Castillo Liberal
Councilors
John "Pasalubong" Nethercott Liberal
Ricardo "Rec" Candido Lakas
Oliver "Orly" Angeles Liberal
Reynaldo "Jr" Clemente Jr. Liberal
Gilbert "Atorni" Muñoz Lakas
Enoc "Jayjay" Santos Jr. Liberal
Efren Sulit Liberal
Billy Ilaga Liberal

Barangay officials[edit]

Association of Barangay Captains [23]
Barangay Name
Balatong A Laureano P. Sicat
Balatong B Edgardo R. Hipolito
Cutcot Reynaldo C. San Pedro
Dampol 1st Gerardo T. Arellano
Dampol 2nd A Aurora Q. Valencia
Dampol 2nd B Francisco F. de Jesus
Dulong Malabon Rolando R. Tayao
Inaon Alfredo M. Arceo
Longos Armando P. Tandoy
Lumbac Elena S. Andan
Paltao Edgardo SA. Villanueva
Peñabatan Mark Anthony P. Marcelo
Poblacion Ryan P. Espiritu
Sta Peregrina Jorge C. Santos Jr.
Sto Cristo Dennis M. Cruz
Taal Niño ST. Abacan
Tabon Felino DR. Cruz
Tibag Renz Bryan C. Esguerra
Tinejero Numeriano B. Leonardo
Sangguniang Kabataan Federation
Barangay Name
Balatong A Aaron Ramos
Balatong B Patrick Mag-isa
Cutcot Rochelle Ann Valdez
Dampol 1st Christian Morales
Dampol 2nd A Bea Mariano
Dampol 2nd B Rheyzel Santiago
Dulong Malabon Maria Hazel Reyes
Inaon Emmanuel de Guzman
Longos John Vincent Casem
Lumbac Julius Tayao
Paltao Iradave Miguel Santos
Peñabatan Rodolfo Almera
Poblacion Vien Angelo Arceo
Sta Peregrina Reisse San Andres
Sto Cristo Mark Jerome Pareña
Taal Froilan Santos
Tabon Dennis Cruz
Tibag Kier John Dave Esguerra
Tinejero Divina Santos
  • These Barangay Captains and SK Chairpersons will only serve for two (2) years because of Republic Act 10952 which reset the barangay and youth council polls in May 2018.The next election is set in May 2020 and after this the polls will be every three (3) years again.[24]

Official seal[edit]

Pulilan Bulacan Official Logo.png

The official seal of the municipality of Pulilan serves as the towns identity for many years. Each of the symbols incorporated into this emblem represents the glorious past of the town and its culture and traditions. It includes the following:

  • The Kneeling Carabao - is where the town is famous of. Every 14 May, the feast of the Kneeling Carabao is celebrated as a festival and at the same time a thanksgiving for their ever guiding patron saint San Isidro Labrador.
  • San Isidro Labrador Parish Church - the home of the town's patron saint. This is the religious center of the town where religious activities, particularly worship services are held.
  • Rice Fields - one of the major source of income in the municipality.
  • Nipa hut - the ancient house or residence of most of the Pulileños.
  • Mango tree - are abundant in the town and one of the major industry here.
  • Bamboo pieces - it serve as the border of the emblem. It also represents how Pulileños are resilient and optimistic in their life.

Economy[edit]

SM Center Pulilan

The municipality of Pulilan has basically an agri-based economy. Farming, fishing, swine and poultry raising were the dominant economic industries and livelihood of the natives of the town. Structural change in the economy become evident due to the rapid rate of urbanization characterized by increasing encroachment of industries and manufacturing establishments on productive agricultural land of the municipality.[25] Now, the municipality is known as one of the emerging center of trade and commerce in the province of Bulacan and continuously outshining its neighboring municipality. According to the 2017 COA Annual Financial Report, the municipality has an annual income of 383.60 million, 59.74 million or 18% higher than its previous income. Making it one of the richest municipality in Bulacan and Central Luzon.

2011-2017 Municipality of Pulilan Financial Highlights
2017 [26] 2016 [27] 2015 [28] 2014 [29] 2013 [30] 2012 [31] 2011 [32]
Assets 524.22 million 464.11 million 392.60 million 344.59 million 309.89 million 287.57 million 280.28 million
Liabilities 162.44 million 141.53 million 142.34 million 123.35 million 112.77 million 111.32 million 109.87 million
Equity 361.79 million 322.58 million 280.26 million 221.24 million 197.12 million 176.25 million 170.41 million
Revenue 383.60 million 323.86 million 294.21 million 254.59 million 228.53 million 210.28 million 202.41 million
Expenses 315.34 million 282.30 million 225.06 million 213.10 million 193.80 million 197.52 million 164.78 million
Surplus 62.92 million 35.49 million 66.58 million 41.49 million 34.73 million 12.75 million 37.62 million

The major income sources in the municipality comes from flowers/ornamental plants, food/food processing, garments and embroidery, gifts/house decors, marble/marble processing, poultry and hog raising, furnitures, crop production and services.[33]

Agriculture[edit]

Rice production and livestock / poultry raising are the most common agribusiness in Pulilan. In 2,226.75 hectares or 5,502.42 acres irrigated area planted, 10,660.25 metric tons of rice are produced. While 65,470 swine and chickens are produced in 12 commercial farms/poultries and 638 swine are raised in 86 backyard farm.[34]

Banking[edit]

There are 12 major and local commercial banks that provide financial services in the municipality. Some of these are the following: Banco De Oro (BDO), Metrobank, Landbank, Philippine Savings Bank (PSBank), Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation (RCBC) and Bank of Florida (BoF). As of December 2017, Pulilan recorded a total deposits of 4.048 billion pesos by adding the demand/now deposits, savings deposits, time deposits and FCDU deposits. The municipality also has 30,785 registered accounts from its 12 banks.[35]

Car dealerships[edit]

Recently, Suzuki established its first car dealership branch in Pulilan. Later, Mazda and Subaru also joined the competition. All of these are situated along Pan-Philippine Highway in Barangay Santo Cristo.

Industry and Trade[edit]

Manufacturing is a dominant business and source of income and employment in the municipality. In 2010, there are 26 registered manufacturing businesses in Pulilan with 4,136 employees. The biggest manufacturers include the following: Nestle Philippines (Tibag), New Hope Agriculture Inc.(Tibag), Anderson Asphalt Philippines (Tibag), Feedmix Specialist (Dampol 2nd A), Foster Foods Inc. (Dampol 2nd A), Leighton Contractors Asia (Tibag), Marquee Mills Manufacturing Corp. (Dampol 2nd B), Tyson Agro-Ventures (Tinejero), Jockers Food Industry (Santo Cristo), TJN Pasalubong (Paltao), Cargill Philippines, Inc. (Dampol 1st), R.M Foods (Dampol 2nd B) and Rombe (Dampol 1st).[36] These manufacturing establishments are mostly situated in Dampol Industrial Area (DIA) and the Tabon-Dampol-Tibag Industrial Area (TDTIA).[37]

Shopping malls[edit]

In 2010, Robinsons Supermarket, later renamed as Robinsons Townville, started to operate in Barangay Cutcot, infront of Pulilan Public Market. Massway Supermarket also established its branch in Barangay Santo Cristo and in 2017 SM Center was inaugurated in a 27,000 sq.m. lot in Barangay Santo Cristo along Pulilan-Plaridel Diversion Road, making it the very first full-service shopping mall in the municipality.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is one of the emerging industry in the municipality of Pulilan. Every year, thousands of tourists visited this magnificent town. Most of the tourists come to witness the Kneeling Carabao Festival wherein the town is prominent. It is a bountiful occasion where different kinds of buffalos such as carabaos led the parade in the streets of the town together with the street dancers, marching bands and colorful floats. When they reach the church, they kneel in front of it as giving respect to their saint.

This spectacular yet remarkable festivity is held every 14 May, one day before the feast of San Isidro Labrador, the town's patron saint. This is not only a tribute on their patron saint but also to the carabaos for their hard work during farming season. This festival is also a celebration for a year-long bountiful harvest. Pulilan is not only well known for its festival but also famous because of numerous tourist attractions located in the vicinity of the town.

Historical and religious edifices[edit]

San Isidro Labrador Parish Church[edit]

San Isidro Labrador Parish Church

San Isidro Labrador Parish Church is where the carabaos during the feast are made kneel as tribute to the their patron saint. This is a 19th-century baroque church located at the Kabayanan or the town's administrative center (Poblacion). It is also a famous pilgrimage site in Bulacan during the Holy Week or "Kuaresma". The Museo San Ysidro Labrador is also situated here. (For more information, see San Isidro Labrador Church).

Pulilan Municipal Trial Court[edit]

Museo de Pulilan is the new name of Pulilan Municipal Trial Court after it was restored in 2013. It is also known by the locals as the former Gabaldon Building located in Barangay Poblacion near the Municipal Hall Compound. Now, it is one of the famous tourist destinations not only in the municipality but in the whole province of Bulacan because of its cultural and historical features. Inside this museum are different sculptures, paintings and old documents about the flourishing history of the town.

Adriano Salvador Heritage House[edit]

Adriano Salvador Heritage House

It is dubbed as the "Malacañang of Pulilan", in 1908 this historical house served as the joint municipal of two ancient towns of Quingua (Plaridel) and San Isidro (Pulilan).

Casanova-Aguirre Ancestral House[edit]

Casanova-Aguirre Ancestral House

This ancestral house is one of the most well-preserved old house in Bulacan. It is situated near the boundaries of barangay Poblacion and Lumbac. This is a famous tourist spot in the entire town because of its preserved beauty and scenic view. It is also known as the site of the 2006 Filipino romantic film, Moments of Love, starring Iza Calzado and Dingdong Dantes.

Aguirre Centennial House[edit]

This Centennial House is located inside the Butterfly Haven Resort and one of the main tourist attraction inside the resort because of its unique and distinct architecture. This 100-year-old house is owned by the family of Revenue Deputy Commissioner Lita Aguirre.

Mandalá Art Festival[edit]

Mandalá Art Festival is an annual gathering of visual artists and cultural workers from various parts of the country every month of May as part of Pulilan town fiesta. This cultural event showcases the best artistic skills and traditions of Central Luzon. During this occasion, several exhibitions are open to the public and mural painting activities (Kalye Art) in different locations around municipality are held. This has been led by Jefarca Arts and Historical Society Inc., National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), Museo de Pulilan and the Municipality of Pulilan since its inception in 2012. The word Mandalá is based on a local term meaning “the best of the harvest". [38]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Pulilan can be accessed through private vehicles, jeepneys, tricycles, and even buses.

Public Utility Jeepneys (PUJs) are stationed at Robinsons Townville terminal which have routes passing through Pulilan Regional Road (or N115 of the Philippine highway network) and several barangays to Lumbac, Dampol 2nd-B (Camachile) and to its neighboring town of Calumpit. Tricycles, on the other hand, serve the interiors of barangays and residential areas.

Bus and UV Express are also common mode of transportation in the municipality. Buses and UV Express transport passengers in Pulilan to and from Grace Park, Divisoria, Monumento, and Cubao in Metro Manila. They commonly picked commuters along Pulilan junction and in SM Center Pulilan terminal. Several taxis also transport passengers from Metro Manila to Pulilan.

Road networks[edit]

North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) is the only expressway in Pulilan which passes through the municipality with 2 entrances and exits in Barangay Tibag.

Main national highways include the Pan-Philippine Highway or commonly called as Maharlika Highway (part of AH26, Pulilan to Baliwag), which passes through barangay Santo Cristo, Cutcot and Longos. Other arterial roads include Pulilan Regional Road (N115, Pulilan to Calumpit), Pulilan–Plaridel Diversion Road which is connected to Plaridel Bypass Road, Old Cagayan Valley Road and Pulilan-Apalit Road.

Currently, Pulilan-Baliuag Diversion Road or commonly referred to as Pulilan Bypass Road is under construction. It is expected to alleviate the humongous traffic congestion in Pan-Philippine Highway and Pulilan Regional Road and spur further developments in the municipality. This 9.62-kilometer diversion road will transvers the barangays of Tibag, Dulong Malabon, Tabon, Peñabatan, Sta. Peregrina, and Balatong B and ends in Barangay Tarcan in Baliuag.

The project has a multi-year funding from the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) infrastructure program amounting to PHP 582 million for civil works and PHP 150 million for road right of way acquisition.[39]

Utilities[edit]

Power and Water Supply

The Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) is the sole company that provides electric services in Pulilan. All the 19 barangays have supply of electricity already. In 2003, 63.65 million kWh of power is being consumed by the municipality. The water system and services of Pulilan is provided by LWUA (Local Water Utilities Administration) through the Pulilan Water District in which its office is situated in Barangay Cutcot. The municipality will also be a beneficiary of P24.4-billion Bulacan Bulk Water Supply Project (BBWSP) as it will soon provide additional water supply to its water district.[40]

Communication Services

Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), Digital Telecommunications Philippines (DIGITEL), Smart Communications and DATELCOM are the main landline telephone service provider in Pulilan while the three major cellular companies here are Smart Communications, Globe Telecom and Sun Cellular. Telegraph and express mail services are being provided by the municipal post office in Barangay Poblacion and private companies like LBC, Western Union, etc. [41]

Social services[edit]

Education[edit]

Bulacan State University campus

Education had been a priority in Pulilan. It is evidently shown in having a literacy rate of 99%. The number of households that are literate is 16,832 out of 17,002 , which are able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.

Pulilan also had become an educational hub within the province. As it hosts numerous public and private-owned school where many of its constituents and neighboring locals went to study. As of 2016, there are 16 public schools in Pulilan. Several private schools can also be found in the municipality. Most of which offers primary and secondary education. There are also 5 tertiary institutions in the municipality. [42]

In 2013, Bulacan State University (BulSU) was established in Barangay Paltao where it started to operate an extension program aligned in education courses.[43] While, Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) resides in the former municipal hall building in Barangay Poblacion. There are also technical / vocational schools and training centers here.

The private schools in Pulilan are members of Bulacan Private Schools Association (BULPRISA). On the other hand, all primary and secondary schools in the municipality are under the supervision of Department of Education (DepEd) Schools Division of Bulacan.

Health[edit]

As of 2010, there are 25 medical facilities as well as 2 government operated rural health units that provide healthcare services in the municipality. Three of which are hospitals and that include the following: Our Lady of Mercy General Hospital (OLMGH) in Longos, The Good Shepherd Hospital in Poblacion and F.M. Cruz Orthopedic & Gen. Hospital in Santo Cristo. Several clinics can also be found in the municipality.[44]

Peace and Order[edit]

In the area of peace and order, Pulilan is one of the more peaceful towns in the province. The crime rate is very minimal. Pulilan has a crime solution efficiency of 90.90% and an average crime rate of 1.8. It ranks third in the crime solution and in peace and order in Bulacan. As of 2010, the municipality is being served by 30 policemen and 9 firemen. [45]

Notable Pulileños[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016-2019 Pulilan Municipal Officials". Malolos,Bulacan: Province of Bulacan Official Website. 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018. 
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Pulilan Kneeling Carabao Festival". Philippine Primer. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
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  10. ^ "Pulilan Physical and Geographical Profile-Existing Municipality Land Use". Municipality of Pulilan Official Website. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
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  12. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  13. ^ ""PSGC Interactive Stats-Pulilan"". Manila City, Philippines: National Statistics Office (NSO). Retrieved 29 June 2018. 
  14. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO. 
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  28. ^ "Commission on Audit 2015 Report-Pulilan". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 29 June 2018. 
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  31. ^ "Commission on Audit 2012 Report-Pulilan". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 29 June 2018. 
  32. ^ "Commission on Audit 2011 Report-Pulilan". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 29 June 2018. 
  33. ^ "Pulilan Business 2". Municipality of Pulilan Official Website. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
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  35. ^ "Philippine Banking System- Distribution of Domestic Deposits 2017". Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  36. ^ "Pulilan Socioeconomic Background-Trade and Industry". Municipality of Pulilan Official Website. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  37. ^ "SM Center Pulilan opens December 1". Press Reader. Retrieved 31 July 2018. 
  38. ^ "The Mandalá Art Festival explores the theme "Lupang Pamana"". Press Reader. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  39. ^ "Pulilan-Baliuag Diversion Road". Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH). Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  40. ^ Jordeene Sheex Lagare. "Bulacan Water project 'ahead of time'". Manila Times. 
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External links[edit]