Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction
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|Special Citations and Awards|
The Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes that are annually awarded for Letters, Drama, and Music. It has been presented since 1962 for a distinguished book of non-fiction by an American author, published during the preceding calendar year, that is not eligible for consideration in another category.
Finalists have been announced from 1980, ordinarily two others beside the winner.
In its first 52 years to 2013, the Nonfiction Pulitzer was awarded 55 times; two prizes were given in 1969, 1973, and 1986. Two people won the prize as co-authors in 1968, 1990, and 1991. Barbara Tuchman and E.O. Wilson have won two Nonfiction prizes each. Two winning works were also finalists in the Pulitzer Prize for History: A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (1989) and Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America (1993).
- 1962: The Making of the President 1960 by Theodore White
- 1963: The Guns of August by Barbara W. Tuchman
- 1964: Anti-intellectualism in American Life by Richard Hofstadter
- 1965: O Strange New World by Howard Mumford Jones
- 1966: Wandering Through Winter by Edwin Way Teale
- 1967: The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture by David Brion Davis
- 1968: Rousseau and Revolution, vol. 10 of The Story of Civilization, by Will and Ariel Durant
- 1969: So Human an Animal by René Jules Dubos
- 1969: The Armies of the Night by Norman Mailer
- 1970: Gandhi's Truth by Erik H. Erikson
- 1971: The Rising Sun by John Toland
- 1972: Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911–45 by Barbara W. Tuchman
- 1973: Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam by Frances FitzGerald
- 1973: Children of Crisis, vols. 2 and 3, by Robert Coles
- 1974: The Denial of Death by Ernest Becker
- 1975: Pilgrim at Tinker Creek by Annie Dillard
- 1976: Why Survive? Being Old In America by Robert Neil Butler
- 1977: Beautiful Swimmers by William W. Warner
- 1978: The Dragons of Eden by Carl Sagan
- 1979: On Human Nature by Edward O. Wilson
The finalists are indented, ordinarily two each year.
- 1980: Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid by Douglas Hofstadter
- 1981: Fin-de-Siècle Vienna: Politics and Culture by Carl E. Schorske
- 1982: The Soul of a New Machine by Tracy Kidder
- 1983: Is There No Place on Earth for Me? by Susan Sheehan
- 1984: The Social Transformation of American Medicine by Paul Starr
- 1985: The Good War: An Oral History of World War Two by Studs Terkel
- Endless Enemies by Jonathan Kwitny
- Dawn to the West by Donald Keene
- 1986 (two winners): Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families by J. Anthony Lukas / Move Your Shadow: South Africa, Black and White by Joseph Lelyveld
- 1987: Arab and Jew: Wounded Spirits in a Promised Land by David K. Shipler
- 1988: The Making of the Atomic Bomb by Richard Rhodes
- 1989: A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam by Neil Sheehan
- The Last Farmer by Howard Kohn
- Coming of Age in the Milky Way by Timothy Ferris
- 1990: And Their Children After Them by Dale Maharidge and Michael Williamson
- 1991: The Ants by Bert Hölldobler and Edward O. Wilson
- Looking for a Ship by John McPhee
- River of Traps: A Village Life by William duBuys and Alex Harris
- 1992: The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power by Daniel Yergin
- 1993: Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America by Garry Wills
- 1994: Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire by David Remnick
- 1995: The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time by Jonathan Weiner
- How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter by Sherwin B. Nuland
- Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil: A Savannah Story by John Berendt
- 1996: The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism by Tina Rosenberg
- 1997: Ashes to Ashes: America's Hundred-Year Cigarette War, the Public Health, and the Unabashed Triumph of Philip Morris by Richard Kluger
- 1998: Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond
- 1999: Annals of the Former World by John McPhee
- The Nurture Assumption: Why Children Turn Out the Way They Do by Judith Rich Harris
- Crime and Punishment in America by Elliott Currie
- 2000: Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II by John W. Dower
- The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory by Brian Greene
- Living on the Wind: Across the Hemisphere with Migratory Birds by Scott Weidensaul
- 2001: Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan by Herbert P. Bix
- 2002: Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama, the Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution by Diane McWhorter
- 2003: "A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide by Samantha Power
- The Anthropology of Turquoise: Meditations on Landscape, Art, and Spirit by Ellen Meloy
- The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker
- 2004: Gulag: A History by Anne Applebaum
- 2005: Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 by Steve Coll
- 2006: Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain's Gulag in Kenya by Caroline Elkins
- 2007: The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 by Lawrence Wright
- 2008: The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939–1945 by Saul Friedlander
- 2009: Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II by Douglas A. Blackmon
- 2010: The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and Its Dangerous Legacy by David E. Hoffman
- 2011: Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer by Siddhartha Mukherjee
- The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains by Nicholas G. Carr
- Empire of the Summer Moon: Quanah Parker and the Rise and Fall of the Comanches, the Most Powerful Indian Tribe in American History by S.C. Gwynne
- 2012: The Swerve: How the World Became Modern by Stephen Greenblatt
- 2013: Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America by Gilbert King
- 2014: Toms River: A Story of Science and Salvation by Dan Fagin
- The Blood Telegram: Nixon, Kissinger and a Forgotten Genocide by Gary J. Bass
- The Insurgents: David Petraeus and the Plot to Change the American Way of War by Fred Kaplan
- 2015: The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History by Elizabeth Kolbert
- No Good Men Among the Living by Anand Gopal
- Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China by Evan Osnos
- 2016: Black Flags: The Rise of ISIS by Joby Warrick
- 2017: Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City by Matthew Desmond
- 2018: Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America by James Forman Jr.
- The Evolution of Beauty: How Darwin's Forgotten Theory of Mate Choice Shapes the Animal World—and Us by Richard O. Prum
- Notes on a Foreign Country: An American Abroad in a Post-American World by Suzy Hansen
- 2019: Amity and Prosperity: One Family and the Fracturing of America by Eliza Griswold
- 2020: The End of the Myth: From the Frontier to the Border Wall in the Mind of America by Greg Grandin / The Undying: Pain, Vulnerability, Mortality, Medicine, Art, Time, Dreams, Data, Exhaustion, Cancer, and Care by Anne Boyer 
Two people have won the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction twice.
- Barbara Tuchman, 1963 for The Guns of August and 1972 for Stilwell and the American Experience in China
- E. O. Wilson, 1979 for On Human Nature and 1991 for Ants, the latter with co-author Bert Hölldobler
- "General Nonfiction". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org). Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- "1986 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org. Retrieved 2020-09-06.
- "General Nonfiction". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "General Nonfiction". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "General Nonfiction". Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "2018 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
- "2019 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
- "2020 Pulitzer Prize Winners". www.pulitzer.org.
- Media related to Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction winners at Wikimedia Commons