Pulitzer Prize for Photography
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The Pulitzer Prize for Photography was one of the American Pulitzer Prizes annually awarded for journalism. It was inaugurated in 1942 and replaced by two photojournalism prizes in 1968: the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography and "Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography". The latter was renamed for Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Photography in 2000.
The Pulitzer Prizes were established by the bequest of Joseph Pulitzer, which suggested four journalism awards, and were inaugurated beginning 1917. By 1942 there were eight Pulitzers for journalism; for several years now there have been 14 including the two for photojournalism.
There were 26 simple Photography prizes awarded in 26 years including two in 1944 (for 1943 work) and none in 1946.
- 1942: Milton Brooks of Detroit News, for his photo Ford Strikers Riot.
- 1943: Frank Noel of Associated Press, for his photo Water!
- 1944: Earle L. Bunker of World-Herald (Omaha, Nebraska), for his photo Homecoming.
- 1944: Frank Filan of Associated Press, for his photo Tarawa Island.
- 1945: Joe Rosenthal of Associated Press, for his photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima.
- 1946: no award
- 1947: Arnold Hardy, amateur photographer, Atlanta, for his photo of a woman leaping from a fire in the Winecoff Hotel, distributed by Associated Press.
- 1948: Frank Cushing of Boston Traveler, for his photo Boy Gunman and Hostage.
- 1949: Nathaniel Fein of New York Herald-Tribune, for his photo, The Babe Bows Out, of Babe Ruth at his number retirement by the Yankees.
- 1950: Bill Crouch of Oakland Tribune, for his picture Near Collision at Air Show.
- 1951: Max Desfor of Associated Press, for his photographic coverage of the Korean War, an example of which is Flight of Refugees Across Wrecked Bridge in Korea.
- 1952: John Robinson and Don Ultang of the Des Moines Register for their sequence of six pictures of the Drake University-Oklahoma A&M football game of October 20, 1951, in which Drake player Johnny Bright's jaw was deliberately broken.
- 1953: William M. Gallagher of the Flint (Mich.) Journal for Ex-Governor Adlai E. Stevenson, a photo of Adlai Stevenson with a hole in his shoe taken during the 1952 Presidential Campaign.
- 1954: Virginia Schau, an amateur from San Anselmo, California, for snapping a thrilling rescue at Redding, California, the picture being published in The Akron (Ohio) Beacon Journal and other newspapers and nationally distributed by Associated Press.
- 1955: John L. Gaunt, Jr. of the Los Angeles Times for Tragedy by the Sea, showing a young couple standing together beside an angry sea in which only a few minutes earlier their year-old son had perished.
- 1956: Staff of the New York Daily News for its consistently excellent news picture coverage in 1955, an outstanding example of which is its photo Bomber Crashes in Street.
- 1957: Harry A. Trask of Boston Traveler for his photographic sequence of the sinking of the liner SS Andrea Doria, the pictures being taken from an airplane flying at a height of 75 feet nine minutes before the ship sank. (The second picture in the sequence is cited as the key photograph.)
- 1958: William C. Beall of The Washington Daily News (Washington, D.C.) for his photograph Faith and Confidence, showing a policeman patiently reasoning with a two-year-old boy trying to cross a street during a parade.
- 1959: William Seaman of the Minneapolis Star for his photograph of the sudden death of a child in the street.
- 1960: Andrew Lopez of United Press International for his series of four photographs of a corporal, formerly of Dictator Fulgencio Batista's army, who was executed by a Fidel Castro firing squad, the principal picture showing the condemned man receiving last rites.
- 1961: Yasushi Nagao of Mainichi Shimbun (Tokyo) for his photograph Tokyo Stabbing, distributed by United Press International, showing 17-year-old Otoya Yamaguchi stabbing Inejiro Asanuma, the chairman of the Japanese Socialist Party.
- 1962: Paul Vathis of the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, bureau of Associated Press, for the photograph Serious Steps, published April 22, 1961.
- 1963: Héctor Rondón of La República (Caracas, Venezuela), for his picture of a priest holding a wounded soldier in the 1962 El Porteñazo insurrection in Venezuela: Aid From The Padre. The photograph was distributed by the Associated Press.
- 1964: Robert H. Jackson of the Dallas Times-Herald, for his photograph of Jack Ruby shooting Lee Harvey Oswald.
- 1965: Horst Faas of Associated Press, for his combat photography of the war in South Vietnam during 1964.
- 1966: Kyoichi Sawada of United Press International, for his combat photography of the war in Vietnam War during 1965.
- 1967: Jack R. Thornell of Associated Press New Orleans bureau for his picture of the shooting of James Meredith in Mississippi by a roadside sniper.
- "Photography". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Fischer, Heinz-D.; Fischer, Erika J. (2003). Complete historical handbook of the Pulitzer Prize system, 1917-2000 decision-making processes in all award categories based on unpublished sources. München: K.G. Saur. pp. 200–201. ISBN 9783110939125.
- Heys, Sam. "Pulitzer Photo - Georgia Tech student was the first photographer at the scene of Atlanta's worst hotel fire". Georgia Tech Alumni Association. Archived from the original on 2013-12-22. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- "US photographer Max Desfor relives Korean War". Lara Hartzenbusch, BBC News, 25 June 2010. Accessed 15 August 2017
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2011-05-29.