Pullen Memorial Baptist Church
|Pullen Memorial Baptist Church|
Pullen Memorial Baptist Church in 2006
|Location||Raleigh, North Carolina, United States|
|Affiliation||Alliance of Baptists, American Baptist Churches USA, Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America, Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists, North Carolina Council of Churches|
Pullen Memorial Baptist Church is an 850-member Baptist church located in Raleigh, North Carolina, US, that has a decades-long tradition of progressive stands on social issues. These have encompassed civil rights for African Americans and other minorities. In 1958, for instance, unlike most predominantly white Baptist congregations, the church stated it welcomed African Americans.
In the last two decades, social issues have included Pullen Memorial's stance on sexual issues. In 1992 the Southern Baptist Convention expelled the church for its blessing a same-sex union. In 2002, lesbian minister Nancy Petty was selected to be co-pastor with Jack McKinney, making Pullen the first Baptist church in the South known to have chosen an openly homosexual person as lead clergy. In addition, the church now performs three or four "holy union ceremonies" a year, which are blessings for same-sex couples.
It is a member of the Community of the Cross of Nails, Alliance of Baptists, Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America, North Carolina Council of Churches, and Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists, an organization of Baptist churches that welcome members regardless of sexual orientation.
The church began in 1884 as a mission of First Baptist Church and was organized on December 28, 1884 as Fayetteville Street Baptist Church. It renamed itself in 1913 after the death of John T. Pullen, who had been a lay leader of the church. J.A. Ellis, who became the pastor in 1919, was the first of many Pullen preachers known for applying the Bible to justify controversial social issues. In 1921 the church's Fayetteville Street building was destroyed by a fire and the congregation began holding services in Pullen Hall on the campus of North Carolina State College (now known as North Carolina State University). The church moved to its current location on Hillsborough Street in 1923.
William Wallace Finlator (1913–2006) became pastor in 1956 and served until 1982. He was known for taking challenging stands on social issues, helping cement the church's reputation as liberal. Rev. Jack McKinney described Finlator as "one of the most loved--and most despised--North Carolinians of his day". In 1958 under Finlator's leadership, Pullen Memorial "declared itself open to all people regardless of race". Finlator promoted integration of North Carolina schools. During the volatile years of the Civil Rights Movement, African Americans considered Pullen Memorial a "safe haven", one of the few predominantly white churches where people could have an open discussion about the movement and not risk backlash. Finlator spoke strongly against segregation and, during the 1970s, against the Vietnam War.
The 1958 church constitution "affirmed the acceptance into full membership of Christians who transferred membership from other denominations". Baptist practice generally only accepts those who have accepted Christ and been baptized in the Baptist Church. In the early 1970s, some members of the State Baptist Convention attempted to oust Pullen Memorial, along with twelve other churches, for that position, but they were unsuccessful.
In 1986, Pullen Church began a sister-church relationship with Martin Street Baptist Church, a black congregation in Raleigh. Two years later, Pullen also became a sister-church with the First Baptist Church of Matanzas, Cuba. Pullen members have since gone on several trips to Cuba, helping the First Baptist Church with building and community projects.
In 1992, the congregation of Pullen Memorial "endorsed unqualified acceptance of homosexual Christians and their full participation in the life and work of the church". This endorsement and the church's blessing of a same-sex union led to its expulsion from the Raleigh Baptist Association, the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina, and the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC). The SBC also expelled Binkley Memorial in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, for allowing a gay person to preach. Reverend Jack McKinney serves on the steering committee of the North Carolina Religious Coalition for Marriage Equality, which continues to sponsor speakers on this issue. In 2006, Raleigh native James A. Forbes, senior pastor of the historic Riverside Church in New York City, spoke at an interfaith service at Pullen Memorial and addressed issues of sexuality and rights in the United States.
"The most trusted medical and scientific institutions in our nation recommend sexuality education that includes age-appropriate and medically accurate information about abstinence and contraception. But we don't have that in Wake County. We have a strict abstinence-based curriculum that is driven by conservative religious values, has no track record of success and ignores the complicated and frightening realities in which our children live."
During the time leading up to the Iraq War, McKinney spoke out against the invasion saying, "If the church feels the government is over-reaching, we have to stand up and say we don't think this is wise."
People of Faith Against the Death Penalty awarded Pullen Memorial its 2005 Faith in Action Award for its stance and work against the death penalty. Jack McKinney has called for a moratorium on executions in North Carolina.
The church complex is undergoing a building expansion that will add an additional 9,600 sq ft (890 m2) to the current facility. The congregation made sustainability an integral part of the plan. The building plan was recognized by the North Carolina Chapter of the American Institute of Architects for its design and use of solar energy, green roofs, and water recycling. The expansion will be heated and cooled by a geothermal heat pump.
McKinney stepped down in 2009, leaving Nancy Petty as the church's sole pastor.
- Homosexuality and Baptist churches
- Progressive Christianity
- The Religious Institute on Sexual Morality, Justice, and Healing
- "Frequently Asked Questions", Pullen Memorial Baptist Church.
- 2 Churches Ousted by Baptists' Vote, The New York Times, 11 June 1992.
- A lesbian is my copastor - Religion - Nancy Petty named co-pastor of Pullen Memorial Baptist Church, The Advocate 25 June 2002.
- "Same-sex unions might earn blessing", Carolina Astigarraga, The News & Observer 11 July 2007.
- Best of the Triangle 2006, Independent Weekly 14 June 2006.
- "Pullen's Partners"
- Welcoming & Affirming Churches:AWAB Member Congregations
- AWAB: Who we are
- Legendary liberal W.W. Finlator fought segregation, poverty, war, Robert Marus, Associated Baptist Press News, 15 August 2006
- according to Rev. Jack McKinney, as quoted in "In memoriam, from a member of the Rev. W.W. Finlator's team", by Patrick O'Neill, Independent Weekly, 12 July 2006.
- "Raleigh Men Live the Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement", Rick Armstrong, wral.com 11 February 1999.
- "Outspoken pastor Finlator dies at 93", by Matthew Eisley and Yonat Shimron, The News & Observer, 05 July 2006.
- "Apex woman hears ‘voices of change’ in Cuba", by Beth Hatcher, The Cary News, 12 March 2008.
- Unitarian Universalist fellowship to install minister, Flo Johnston, The Durham News, 3 December 2005.
- "Minister to speak about gay rights", The News & Observer 14 October 2006.
- "Minister Makes The Case For Comprehensive Sexuality Education", Clergy Voices: Volume 7, Issue 1, Planned Parenthood, Fall 2002.
- "Churches Have Mixed Opinions About Potential War With Iraq", Stephanie Hawco, wral.com, 27 February 2003.
- Raleigh's Pullen Memorial Baptist Church to Receive Honor for Work Against Death Penalty, PFADP press release.
- PDF (15.8 KB), by Rev. Jack McKinney
- "2006 Award Winners Showcase North Carolina’s Architectural Best", AIArchitects.
- "Longtime pastor quits at Pullen Memorial", The News & Observer, 16 September 2009.
- Our Heritage and Our Hope, a History of Pullen Memorial Baptist Church (1884–1984), by Roger H. Crook, The History Committee - Pullen Memorial Baptist Church, 1985, ISBN 978-0-9614485-0-9
- Dissenter in the Baptist Southland: Fifty Years in the Career of William Wallace Finlator, by G. McLeod Bryan, Mercer University Press, 1985, ISBN 978-0-86554-176-4
- Pullen Memorial Baptist Church
- Oral History Interview with William W. Finlator from Oral Histories of the American South