Pullmantur Cruises

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Pullmantur Cruises
IndustryCruises
HeadquartersMadrid, Spain
Area served
Caribbean, Mediterranean and Northern Europe.
Owner
SubsidiariesCDF Croisières de France
Websitehttp://www.pullmantur.es

Pullmantur Cruises is a cruise line headquartered in Madrid, Spain.[1] It began operations in the late 1990s as an offshoot of the Madrid-based travel agency Pullmantur. In 2006, Pullmantur Cruises, through its parent company, was purchased by U.S.-based Royal Caribbean Group,[2] but Royal Caribbean later sold a 51% stake in the cruise line to Spain-based investment firm Springwater Capital, retaining a 49% stake.[3]

Pullmantur Cruises is the largest Spain-based cruise line. The company mainly markets to Spanish passengers, although cruises are also sold by some travel operators outside the Spanish-speaking world. Some of the company's ships operate an "all-inclusive" product, where some extras, such as brand alcoholic beverages, are included in the cruise price.[2] Originally, most Pullmantur ships do not operate cruises for the company during the northern hemisphere winter season. Instead, they are either laid up or under charter to other cruise lines, such as the Brazil-based Viagens CVC.[2]

On 22 June 2020, due to the economic impact caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, Pullmantur's owners announced they had filed for reorganization of Pullmantur under Spanish insolvency laws.[4]

History[edit]

Portico Building, Pullmantur head office
MS Ocean Dream at Valletta sporting a former Pullmantur livery.
SS Sky Wonder in the harbor of Villefranche-sur-Mer, in the blue-funneled Pullmantur colours.

Pullmantur began cruise operations in the 1990s by initially selling cruises on board SS SeaWind Crown, founded by Anastasios Kyriakides (subsequently merged with Premier Cruises), in the Southern Caribbean from Premier Cruises and later also on board Premier Cruises flagship the SS Rembrandt in the Mediterranean. Premier changed its business plan in 1997 and canceled its contracts with operators, such as Pullmantur, and later collapsed in 2000. Pullmantur then acquired SS Big Red Boat 1 and started its own cruise line, Pullmantur Cruises.[2] Big Red Boat 1 reverted to her original name SS Oceanic, and began cruising around the Mediterranean from Barcelona in May 2005.[5] The Oceanic became very successful, and in 2002, Pullmantur acquired a second ship, MS Pacific, from Princess Cruises,[2] and chartered the former Renaissance Cruises ship MS R Five from Cruiseinvest. R Five was marketed under the name Blue Dream.[6] Two more ships followed in 2003 when Pullmantur acquired MS Superstar Aries from Star Cruises and renamed her MS Holiday Dream,[2] while R Five's sister ship MS R Six was chartered as Blue Star.[7]

In 2004, R Five was chartered to Oceania Cruises.[6] In 2005, Pullmantur purchased R Six, and renamed her MS Blue Dream after R Five exited the fleet. A third R-class ship followed in 2006 when Pullmantur bought Delphin Renaissance and renamed her MS Blue Moon. Later that year, Pullmantur's fleet grew to six ships when it purchased Pacific Sky from P&O Cruises Australia and renamed her SS Sky Wonder. In August 2006, Royal Caribbean Group announced it would purchase Pullmantur, making it Royal Caribbean's first wholly owned European brand.[8] The acquisition was expected to be completed by the fourth quarter of the year.[8]

Following the acquisition by Royal Caribbean, several transfers were carried out between the Pullmantur fleet and those of other Royal Caribbean brands. In 2007, Blue Dream and Blue Moon were transferred to Azamara Club Cruises, while MS Oceanic II and Celebrity Cruises' MS Zenith joined the Pullmantur fleet in their place.[2] Oceanic II had only spent the 2007 summer season operating for Pullmantur.[9]

In 2008, Pullmantur received Empress of the Seas from Royal Caribbean International and renamed her MS Empress.[2] Pacific and Holiday Dream left the Pullmantur fleet in April and May for Quail Cruises and CDF Croisières de France, respectively.[9][10] Also in May, Pullmantur purchased Pacific Star from P&O Cruises Australia and renamed her MS Ocean Dream.[2] MS Sovereign of the Seas was also transferred to Pullmantur and renamed MS Sovereign.[11][12] In April 2008. Lloyd's List reported that Pullmantur was in the process of purchasing Pride of Aloha from Norwegian Cruise Line's subsidiary NCL America.[13] However, the deal fell through and Pride of Aloha joined Norwegian's fleet.[14] In January 2009, Sky Wonder was renamed Atlantic Star,[15] and in March, Oceanic was sold to Peace Boat.[16] In mid-April 2009, Island Star was transferred from Island Cruises to Pullmantur Cruises.

In April 2013, Royal Caribbean transferred Monarch of the Seas to Pullmantur.[17] Ocean Dream was chartered to Peace Boat to replace Oceanic and Pacific Dream, which had been renamed Horizon, was transferred to CDF. In 2014, Zenith joined sister ship L'Horizon in the CDF fleet.

In 2014 it was announces that the Majesty of the Seas wold join the Pullmantur-fleet in 2016,[18] but these plans were cancelled in 2015,[19] and Empress was transferred back to Royal Caribbean in early 2016.[20]

CDF ceased operations in early 2017, and both ships in the CDF fleet were transferred back to Pullmantur.[21]

In July 2019, it was announced Zenith would leave the fleet in early 2020.[22] Later in 2019, Pullmantur announced Grandeur of the Seas would be transferred from Royal Caribbean to Pullmantur, joining the fleet in April 2021.[23]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, more than half of the crew members onboard Horizon were reported to have tested positive for the coronavirus following the company's suspension of operations.[24] In early-June 2020, Pullmantur's fleet had been moved into "cold lay-up" due to the company's extended suspension of operations given the pandemic.[25] On 22 June 2020, Pullmantur's owners announced that, due to the significant economic impact caused by the pandemic, they had filed for reorganization of Pullmantur under Spanish insolvency laws.[4] It was also reported Pullmantur had begun dismantling part of the interiors of MS Sovereign and MS Monarch, with claims that "everything of value" was removed.[26]

Fleet[edit]

Current fleet[edit]

Ship Built Entered service
for Pullmantur
Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes Image
MV Horizon 1990 2009/2017 1875 47,427 GT  Malta Previously Horizon, Island Star, Pacific Dream. Sailed as CDF Horizon from 2012 to 2017. Identical to the Zenith. Horizon in Tallinn Bay 22 June 2015 (cropped).JPG

Former fleet[edit]

Ship Built In service
for Pullmantur
Capacity Tonnage1 Status as of 2020 Image
MS Blue Moon 2000 2006–2007 702 30,277 GT Since 2007 MS Azamara Quest with Azamara Cruises Azamara Quest (ship, 2000) IMO 9210218; Split, 2013-09-29 (1).jpg
MS Blue Star / MS Blue Dream 2000 2003–2007
Blue Star – (2003–2005)
Blue Dream – (2005–2007)
702 30,277 GT Since 2007 MS Azamara Journey with Azamara Cruises Azamara Journey, Geiranger (14863575491).jpg
MS Empress 1990 2008–2016 2020 48,563 GT Formerly Empress of the Seas for Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines, transferred back to Royal Caribbean Cruise Lines in early 2016. Empress at Quay 16 in Tallinn 15 June 2013 (cropped).JPG
MS Holiday Dream 1981 2004–2008 1158 37,301 GRT Since May 2008 MS Bleu de France with CDF Croisières de France[9] Sold to Saga cruises, enter in service in 2012. Holidaydream wellemstadnetherlandantiles (3228366313) (cropped).jpg
MS Monarch 1991 2013 2852 73,192 GT Previously Monarch of the Seas. Transferred from Royal Caribbean International in April 2013. Scrapped in Turkey in 2020.[27] Monarch turning to Starboard Side in Tallinn Bay Tallinn 19 July 2017 (cropped).jpg
Ocean Dream 1982 2008–2012 1412 35,190 GT Formerly Pacific Star for P&O Cruises Australia.[9][28] The ship will be on bare-boat charter to Peace Boat from April 2012. Ocean Dream in Grand Harbour, Valletta, Malta in Pullmantur livery.jpg
SS Oceanic 1965 2001–2009 1800 38,772 GT Previously operated for Peace Boat. Scrapped in 2012. SS Oceanic in Helsinki.jpg
MS Oceanic II 1966 2007 782 27,670 GRT Scrapped at Alang, India in November 2015. ScholarShipSydney.JPG
MS Pacific 1972 2005–2008 626 20,636 GT Scrapped at Aliaga, Turkey in 2013. "Pacific" - Fort-de-France, 2004.jpg
MS R Five 2000 2002–2004 702 30,277 GT Since 2004 MS Nautica with Oceania Cruises MS Nautica 01.JPG
SS SeaWind Crown 1961 1999[29]—2000 734 23,306 GRT Scrapped in China, 2004. "Seawind Crown" - Saint Lucia, 1997 (cropped).jpg
SS Sky Wonder / SS Atlantic Star 1984 2006–2013
Sky Wonder – (2006–2008)
Atlantic Star – (2009–2013)
1550 46,087 GRT Scrapped at Aliaga, Turkey in 2013. "Sky Wonder" - Dubrovnik, 2006.jpg Atlantic Star at sea.jpg
MS Sovereign 1988 2008 2852 73,192 GT Previously Sovereign of the Seas. Transferred from Royal Caribbean International in November 2008.Scrapped in Turkey in 2020.[27] 2017 Barcelona - Sovereign (ship, 1987) 02 (cropped).jpg
MV Zenith 1992 2007–2014
2017–2020
1774 47,413 gross tonnage (GT) Previously Zenith. Sailed as CDF Zenith from 2014 to 2017. Identical to the Horizon. The ship is on bare-boat charter to Peace Boat, after leaving the fleet early 2020. Zenith (ship, 1992).jpg
1May be specified in gross tonnage (GT) or gross register tons (GRT).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Legal Notice Archived 2015-04-25 at the Wayback Machine." Pullmantur. Retrieved on 13 May 2015. "Pullmantur, S.A CIF A28261337. Located on, number 2 Mahonia Street, Madrid 28043." and "Pullmantur Cruises S.L. CIF B84581701. Located on, number 2 Mahonia Street, Madrid 28043."
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Newman, Doug (2007-08-27). "Cruise Ship Reviews > Pullmantur". Cruise Critic. The Independent Traveler, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  3. ^ Royal Caribbean (10 May 2016). "Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. And Springwater Capital Announce Joint Venture" (Press release). Miami, Florida and Madrid, Spain: Royal Caribbean. PRNewswire. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Pullmantur Files for Reorganization". Cruise Industry News. 22 June 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  5. ^ Asklander, Micke. "S/S Oceanic (1965)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  6. ^ a b Asklander, Micke. "M/S R Five (2000)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on August 4, 2012. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  7. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S R Six (2000)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  8. ^ a b "Royal Caribbean Acquires Spanish Cruise Line Pullmantur". Cruise Critic. 31 August 2006.
  9. ^ a b c d Newman, Doug (2007-09-27). "Pullmantur Cruises 2008 Itineraries & Fleet". At Sea with Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
  10. ^ Newman, Doug (2008-01-24). "Quail Cruises Unveils 2008 Program". At Sea With Doug Newman. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
  11. ^ "Say goodbye to Sovereign! The first ever modern megaship to join Pullmantur fleet". Cruise Business Review. 2007-10-12. Archived from the original on October 29, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-13.
  12. ^ Boyle, Ian. "Pullmantur". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
  13. ^ Joshi, Rajesh; Lowry, Nigel (2008-04-14). "NCL close to offloading cruiseship trio". Lloyd's List. Retrieved 2008-04-14.[dead link]
  14. ^ Newman, Doug (2008-05-07). "From Norwegian Sky to Pride of Aloha and back again". At Sea with Doug Newman. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-07-12.
  15. ^ "Pullmantur's Sky Wonder Renamed, Marketed to Portuguese". Cruise Industry News. 28 January 2009.
  16. ^ Staff, C. I. N. (2009-03-13). "Oceanic Sold". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  17. ^ "Royal Caribbean Moving Monarch of the Seas to Pullmantur". cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  18. ^ Jerry Limone (21 November 2014). "Majesty of the Seas to join Pullmantur fleet". Travel Weekly. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Royal Caribbean's Majesty of the Seas to join Pullmantur". Pullmantur Cruises. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Pullmantur: Another Change of Strategy; Empress Back to Royal - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 2015-10-22.
  21. ^ Staff, C. I. N. (2016-12-07). "CDF Will Cease Sailing Its Own Ships". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  22. ^ Mathisen, Monty (2019-07-10). "Zenith Will Sail for Peace Boat". www.cruiseindustrynews.com. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  23. ^ Bond, Mary (16 October 2019). "Grandeur of the Seas will transfer to Pullmantur in 2021". Seatrade Cruise News. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  24. ^ "Pullmantur Horizon Crew Reports COVID-19 Positive Cases Onboard". Crew Center. 2020-04-04. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  25. ^ "Pullmantur Ships Move to Cold Lay-up". Cruise Industry News. New York, NY. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  26. ^ Walker, Jim (21 June 2020). "Is Pullmantur Cruises Ending Operations?". Cruise Law News. South Miami FL: Walker & O'Neill Maritime Lawyers. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  27. ^ a b "Monarch Arrives in Aliaga for Scrapping". Cruise & Harbour News Magazine. 13 July 2020. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  28. ^ "P&O Cruises Australia Renews Fleet as Capacity Grows". P&O Cruises Australia news release. 2007-05-31. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
  29. ^ "TS Infante Dom Henrique". ssmaritime. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Pullmantur Cruises at Wikimedia Commons