Pulmonary valve stenosis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Pulmonic stenosis.
Pulmonary valve stenosis
Pulmonary valve stenosis.svg
Pulmonary valve stenosis
Classification and external resources
Specialty Cardiology
ICD-10 I37.0, I37.2, Q22.1
ICD-9-CM 424.3, 746.02
OMIM 265500
MedlinePlus 001096
eMedicine emerg/491

Pulmonary valve stenosis (PVS) is a heart valve disorder in which outflow of blood from the right ventricle of the heart is obstructed at the level of the pulmonic valve. This results in the reduction of flow of blood to the lungs.[1][2] Valvular pulmonic stenosis accounts for 80% of right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. While the most common cause of pulmonary valve stenosis is congenital heart disease, it may also be due to a malignant carcinoid tumor. Both stenosis of the pulmonary artery and pulmonary valve stenosis are causes of pulmonic stenosis.[medical citation needed]

Symptoms and Signs[edit]

Among some of the symptoms consistent with pulmonary valve stenosis are the following:[3]


In regards to the cause of pulmonary valve stenosis a very high percentage are congenital, the right ventricular flow is hindered (or obstructed by this). The cause in turn is divided into: valvular, external and intrinsic (when it is acquired).[4]


The pathophysiology of pulmonary valve stenosis consists of the valve leaflets becoming too thick (therefore not separate one from another), which can cause high pulmonary pressure, and pulmonary hypertension. This however, does not mean the cause is always congenital.[5]

The left ventricle can be changed physically, these changes are a direct result of right ventricular hypertrophy. Once the obstruction is subdued, it (the left ventricle) can return to normal.[6]


Pulmonary valve stenosis-Echocardiogram

The diagnosis of pulmonary valve stenosis can be achieved via echocardiogram, as well as a variety of other means among them are: ultrasound, in which images of the heart chambers in utero where the tricuspid valve has thickening (or due to Fallot's tetralogy, Noonan's syndrome, and other congenital defects) and in infancy auscultation of the heart can reveal identification of a murmur.[7]

Some other conditions to contemplate (in diagnosis of pulmonic valvular stenosis) are the following:[3]


In terms of treatment for pulmonary valve stenosis, valve replacement or surgical repair (depending upon whether the stenosis is in the valve or vessel) may be indicated. If the valve stenosis is of congenital origin, balloon valvuloplasty is another option, depending on the case. Valves made from animal or human tissue (are used for valve replacement), in adults metal valves can be used.[8][9]


The epidemiology of pulmonary valve stenosis can be summed up by the congenital aspect which is the majority of cases, in broad terms PVS is rare in the general population.[7]


  1. ^ "Pulmonary valve stenosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". www.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  2. ^ Choices, NHS. "Congenital heart disease - Types - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Pulmonic Valvular Stenosis Clinical Presentation: History, Physical, Causes". emedicine.medscape.com. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  4. ^ Wang, Andrew; Bashore, Thomas M. (2010-01-14). Valvular Heart Disease. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 266. ISBN 9781597454117. 
  5. ^ Levine, Shel; Coyne, Brian J.; Colvin, Lisa Cooper (2015-02-13). Clinical Exercise Electrocardiography. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 14. ISBN 9781284034202. 
  6. ^ "Valvar Pulmonary Stenosis: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology". 
  7. ^ a b "Pulmonary Valve Disease. About Pulmonary valve disease | Patient". Patient (in en-GB). Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  8. ^ Choices, NHS. "Congenital heart disease - Treatment - NHS Choices". www.nhs.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  9. ^ "Balloon dilatation of pulmonary valve stenosis | Guidance and guidelines | NICE". www.nice.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]