Pulsatilla vernalis

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Pulsatilla vernalis
Pulsatilla vernalis, Seiser Alm.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Pulsatilla
Species: P. vernalis
Binomial name
Pulsatilla vernalis
(L.) Mill.

Pulsatilla vernalis (spring pasqueflower, arctic violet, lady of the snows) is a species of flowering plant in the family Ranunculaceae, native to mountainous habitats in Europe. Growing to 10 cm (4 in) high and wide, it is a semi-evergreen perennial with hairy, divided leaves. In early spring it bears anemone-like flowers which are up to 6 cm (2 in) in diameter, white flushed with violet on the outer surface of the petals, and prominent yellow stamens.[1]

The specific epithet vernalis means "of spring".[2]

In cultivation it is suitable for an alpine garden or alpine house,[3] with sharply drained soil in full sun. Though very hardy it dislikes winter wetness. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4]

It is the county flower of Oppland, Norway and is depicted in the county coat of arms. It is also the county flower of Härjedalen, Sweden and South Karelia, Finland.


  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  2. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  3. ^ Miller, Philip. "Pulsatilla vernalis". Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector Pulsatilla vernalis AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 

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