Pulwama district

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Pulwama district
Pulwom, Pulgom
The Islamic University of Science and Technology in Awantipora, 2015
Location within Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir
Location within Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir
CountryIndia
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
HeadquartersPulwama
Area
 • Total1,090 km2 (420 sq mi)
Elevation
1,630 m (5,350 ft)
Population
 (2021(estimated))
 • Total650,429
 • Density600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Literacy65.3%
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[2][3]
Websitehttp://pulwama.gov.in

The Pulwama district is located to the south of Srinagar in the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Its district headquarters are situated in the city of Pulwama. It is located in the central part of the Kashmir Valley.[4]

Administration[edit]

In 1979 Anantnag district split in two, with one part remaining as Anantnag district, and the other part becoming Pulwama district.[5] When created, Pulwama district had 550 villages, grouped in five subdistricts (tehsils): Shopian, Awantipora, Pampore, Pulwama, and Tral.[6] After Shopian district was created in 2007, Pulwama district had 331 villages and four subdistricts.[6] According to the district administration, the area of the district is 420 square miles (1,090 km2).[1]

Pulwama district currently has eight subdistricts,[7] with 327 villages (eight of which are uninhabited):[1]

Tehsils[edit]

This district consists of five development blocks: Tral, Keller, Pampore, Pulwama and Kakapora.[8] Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Pulwama district has a population of 560,440,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[10] or the US state of Wyoming.[11] This gives it a ranking of 537th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 598 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,550/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 29.18%.[9] Pulwama has a sex ratio of 912 females for every 1000 males[9] (though this varies with religion), and is lower than the national average of 940, and a literacy rate of 64.3%.[9]

Sex Ratio in Pulwama District in 2011 Census.[12]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 535,159)
952
Hindu (pop 13,840)
106
Sikh (pop 9,440)
847
Other (pop 2,001)
500
Total (pop 560,440)
912
Religion in Pulwama district (2011)[13]
Religion Percent
Islam
95.49%
Hinduism
2.47%
Sikhism
1.68%
Other or not stated
0.36%

Pulwama district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[14]

  Kashmiri (91.30%)
  Gojri (3.96%)
  Punjabi (1.38%)
  Hindi (1.25%)
  Others (2.11%)
Pulwama district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[12]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 13,840 535,159 1,109 9,440 35 6 18 833 560,440
2.47% 95.49% 0.20% 1.68% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.15% 100.00%
Male 12,515 274,104 818 5,111 26 4 10 476 293,064
Female 1,325 261,055 291 4,329 9 2 8 357 267,376
Gender ratio (% female) 9.6% 48.8% 26.2% 45.9% 25.7% 33.3% 44.4% 42.9% 47.7%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
106 952 356 847 750 912
Urban 7,388 72,353 223 364 12 3 4 115 80,462
Rural 6,452 462,806 886 9,076 23 3 14 718 479,978
% Urban 53.4% 13.5% 20.1% 3.9% 34.3% 50.0% 22.2% 13.8% 14.4%

At the time of the 2011 census, 91.30% of the population spoke Kashmiri, 3.96% Gojri, 1.38% Punjabi and 1.25% Hindi as their first language.[14]


Healthcare[edit]

District has got one of the best health care system in The State/Union Territory. District has 1 DNB Deemed District Hospital Pulwama , 3 Sub-District Hospitals and numerous other health institutions. 1 tertiary Healthcare institute is under construction in Awantipora Tehsil of the district. It will be the largest hospital in Kashmir province/division.


Transport[edit]

District Pulwama is well connected with various transport modes.

National Highway 44 and National Highway 444 pass through Pulwama District.

There are 4 railways stations and 1 halt station located in the district. The district railway Headquarter is located at Awantipora Railway Station.

Educational institutions[edit]

Some of the notable educational institutions of Pulwama district:

Land use[edit]

The "reporting area" is the area for which data on land use classification are available. When Pulwama district was created in 1979 it had a "reporting area" of 380 square miles (980 km2).[6] After the creation of Shopian district in 2007, the "reporting area" of Pulwama district was reduced to 240 square miles (610 km2).[6]

Classification of use Area in 2016–2017[15] % total area
sq miles sq km
Forests 1.6 4 0.4%
Area under non-agricultural uses (roads, railways, buildings, rivers, canals) 32.4 84 8%
Barren and un-culturable land (mountains, deserts, etc.) 9.8 25 2%
Permanent pastures and other grazing lands 23.0 60 5%
Land under miscellaneous tree crops, etc. 4.3 11 1%
Culturable waste land (land that could be cultivated, that has not been cultivated in the last five years) 14.0 36 3%
Fallow lands other than current fallows (fallow for more than one year, which had been cultivated with the past five years) 0.7 2 0.2%
Current fallows (fallow this year, but cultivated the previous year) 24.6 64 6%
Net area sown (the total area sown with crops and orchards) 124.7 323 30%
Reporting area 234.6 608 56%
No data 186.1 482 44%
Total area[1] 420.9 1,090 100%
Definitions of land use classifications are given at: "Nine-fold classification of Land Use", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, retrieved 22 July 2020

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About District", Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, retrieved 22 July 2020
  2. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Pulwama", District Administration, Pulwama, Jammu And Kashmir. Developed And Hosted By National Informatics Centre, Ministry Of Electronics & Information Technology, Government Of India, retrieved 19 January 2021
  5. ^ "About District/", District Anantnag, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, retrieved 23 July 2020
  6. ^ a b c d "District background". Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  7. ^ "About District/ Administrative Setup/ Tehsil", Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, retrieved 22 July 2020
  8. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Wyoming 563,626
  12. ^ a b C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Pulwama district population". Census India 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  14. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Demography", Pulwama District, Government of Jammu and Kashmir, retrieved 22 July 2020
    Note that this is marked square kilometres, but the numbers are actually hectares.

External links[edit]