Puna Pau

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A red scoria pukao on the head of a moai at Ahu Tahai, made using rock from Puna Pau

Maunga Puna Pau is a small crater or cinder cone and prehistoric quarry on the outskirts of Hanga Roa in the south west of Easter Island (a Chilean island in the Pacific Ocean). Puna Pau gives its name to one of the seven regions of the Rapa Nui National Park.

Puna Pau was the sole source of the red scoria that the prehistoric Rapanui used to carve the pukao (topknots) that they put on the heads of some of their iconic moai statues.[1] The stone from Puna Pau was also used for ahu facia blocks and a non-standard moai found in front of one of the ahu at Vinapu.[2] It was not, contra Wikipedia, used to fashion the crouching moai Tukuturi at Rano Raraku, which is of Rano Raraku tuff.[3]

Archaeological excavations were carried out at Puna Pau between 2009 and 2013[4][5][6]by members of the UK Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project[7] team.

The photo shown here is of the re-erected moai on Ahu Kote Riku, part of the Tahai ceremonial complex, not Ahu Tahai, and the topknot is not the original of Puna Pau red scoria, which is now in Hanga Roa cemetery, but a replacement made of red scoria from another location.[1][8]

Brochure[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Seager Thomas, Mike (2014). "Stone use and avoidance on Easter Island. Red scoria from the topknot quarry at Puna Pau and other sources". Archaeology in Oceania. 49 (2).
  2. ^ Heyerdahl, Thor; Ferdon, Edwin (1961). The Archaeology of Easter Island. New York: Rand McNally & Co.
  3. ^ Mike Seager Thomas pers. comm.
  4. ^ LOC (2009). Excavations at Puna Pau, 2009. Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project Interim Reports 3. London: UCL Institute of Archaeology Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  5. ^ LOC (2012). Excavations and Survey at Puna Pau, 2012. Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project Interim Reports 6. London: UCL Institute of Archaeology Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  6. ^ LOC (2013). Excavation and Survey at Puna Pau, 2013. Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project Interim Reports 8. London: UCL Institute of Archaeology Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction Project.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  7. ^ UCL (2019-01-22). "Rapa Nui Landscapes of Construction". Institute of Archaeology. Retrieved 2021-03-29.
  8. ^ Claudio Cristino pers. comm.