Puna tinamou

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Puna tinamou
Tinamotis pentlandii.tif
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Infraclass: Palaeognathae
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Genus: Tinamotis
T. pentlandii
Binomial name
Tinamotis pentlandii
(Vigors, 1837)[2]
Tinamotis pentlandii map.svg

The puna tinamou (Tinamotis pentlandii) also known as Pentland's tinamou, is a member of the most ancient groups of bird families, the tinamous. This species is native to southern South America.[3] The binomial name of the species commemorates the Irish natural scientist Joseph Barclay Pentland (1797–1873) by Nicholas Aylward Vigors in 1837. The IUCN list this species as Least Concern,[1] with an occurrence range of 590,000 km2 (230,000 sq mi).[4]


This is a monotypic species.[3] All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[5]


The puna tinamou is approximately 41 cm (16 in) in length. Its upper parts are brown spotted with white, and its breast is blue-grey, and its belly is rufous. Its head is white with black streaks.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The puna tinamou inhabits high-altitude grassland, and to a lesser extent, brushland[1] at altitude 4,000 to 4,700 m (13,100–15,400 ft) of subtropical and tropical regions.[4] Its range is Peru, northern Bolivia, northern Chile and northwestern Argentina.[3]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2016). "Tinamotis pentlandii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22678299A92766253. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22678299A92766253.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. ^ Brand, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c Clements, J. (2007)
  4. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)
  5. ^ Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)


External links[edit]