In coding theory, puncturing is the process of removing some of the parity bits after encoding with an error-correction code. This has the same effect as encoding with an error-correction code with a higher rate, or less redundancy. However, with puncturing the same decoder can be used regardless of how many bits have been punctured, thus puncturing considerably increases the flexibility of the system without significantly increasing its complexity.
In some cases, a pre-defined pattern of puncturing is used in an encoder. Then, the inverse operation, known as depuncturing, is implemented by the decoder.
Puncturing is often used with the Viterbi algorithm in coding systems.
During Radio Resource Control (RRC) Connection set procedure, during sending NBAP radio link setup message the uplink puncturing limit will send to NODE B, along with U/L spreading factor & U/L scrambling code.
- Chris Johnson. "Radio Access Networks for UMTS: Principles and Practice". 2011.
- Pless, Vera (2011). Introduction to the Theory of Error-Correcting Codes. Wiley Series in Discrete Mathematics and Optimization. 48 (Third ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 1118030990.
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