Pandit

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A historic pandit's statue in a museum.

Pandit purana (Sanskrit: पण्डित, romanizedpaṇḍita; Hindi: पंडित;[1] also spelled pundit, pronounced /ˈpʌndɪt, ˈpændɪt/;[2] abbreviated as Pt. or Pdt.), (Panditani or Panditain, can refer to a female pandit or the wife of a pandit) is a Brahmin scholar[3] or a teacher of any field of knowledge in Hinduism/Sanatana Dharma,[1] particularly the Vedic scriptures, dharma, Hindu philosophy, or secular subjects such as music in Temple.[4] He may be a Teacher in a Pathsala.

In Sanskrit, states Monier Williams, Pandit generally refers to any "scholars, expert, professional, appreciable, self-evidence, truthful, wise, educated and learned man" with specialized knowledge.[5] The term is derived from paṇḍ (पण्ड्) which means to “collect, protect, preserve, promote, upgrade, modernize, update, improve and supervision", and this root is used in the sense of academic knowledge.[6] The term is found in Vedic and post-Vedic texts, but without any sociological context. In the literature of the colonial era, the term generally refers to Brahmins specialized in Hindu law.[7]

The related term Purohit refers to a house priest.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pundit(english)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 649.
  2. ^ "pandit". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  3. ^ Lise McKean (1996). Divine Enterprise: Teacher/Acharya and the Hindu Nationalist Movemen. University of Chicago Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-226-56009-0.
  4. ^ a b Axel Michaels; Barbara Harshav (2004). Hinduism: Past and Present. Princeton University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-691-08952-2.
  5. ^ Monier Monier-Williams (1872). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. p. 527.
  6. ^ Monier Monier-Williams (1872). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. pp. 526–527.
  7. ^ Timothy Lubin; Donald R. Davis Jr; Jayanth K. Krishnan (2010). Hinduism and Law: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-139-49358-1.