Pundravardhana

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Pundravardhana
unknown (?~1280 BCE)–unknown (?~300 BCE)
Location of Pundravardhana
CapitalMahasthangarh
Common languagesSanskrit
Pali
Religion
Vedism
Hinduism
GovernmentMonarchy
Historical eraIron Age
• Established
unknown (?~1280 BCE)
• Disestablished
unknown (?~300 BCE)
Today part ofBangladesh
India (West Dinajpur district, West Bengal)

Pundravardhana or Pundra Kingdom (Sanskrit: Puṇḍravardhana), was an ancient kingdom during the Iron Age period in South Asia with a territory that included parts of present-day Bogura Rajshahi, Rangpur and Dhaka Divisions of Bangladesh as well as the West Dinajpur district of West Bengal, India.[1][2][3] The capital of the kingdom, then known as Pundranagara (Pundra city), was located at Mahasthangarh in Bogra District in northern Bangladesh.

Etymology[edit]

Punda is a species of sugarcane. The land where that species of sugarcane was extensively cultivated was called Pundadesa (land of Punda). Hence, this region came to be known as Pundravardhana.[4]

Geography[edit]

Coordinates: 25°30′N 81°30′E / 25.50°N 81.50°E / 25.50; 81.50 Mahasthangarh, the ancient capital of Pundravardhana is located 11 km (7 mi) north of Bogra on the Bogra-Rangpur highway, with a feeder road (running along the eastern side of the ramparts of the citadel for 1.5 km) leading to Jahajghata and site museum.[5]

Birth place of Acharya Bhadrabāhu[edit]

The spiritual teacher of Chandragupta Maurya, Jain Ācārya Bhadrabāhu was born in Pundravardhana.[6]

Discovery[edit]

Several personalities contributed to the discovery and identification of the ruins at Mahasthangarh. F.Buchanan Hamilton was the first European to locate and visit Mahasthangarh in 1808, C.J.O’Donnell, E.V.Westmacott, and Baveridge followed. Alexander Cunningham was the first to identify the place as the capital of Pundravardhana. He visited the site in 1889.[7]


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