Punganur cattle

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Punganur bull

Punganur dwarf cattle which originated from the Chitoor District of Andhra Pradesh in southern India is among the world's smallest humped cattle breeds.[citation needed] The Punganur breed's milk has a high fat content and is rich in medicinal properties. While cow milk normally has a fat content of 3 to 3.5 per cent, the Punganur breed's milk contains 8 per cent.[1]


The breed is named after the town of its origin, Punganur, in Chittoor district situated in the south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau. Animals are white and light grey in colour with a broad forehead and short horns. Its average height is 70–90 cm and its weight is 115–200 kg. The cow has an average milk yield of 3 to 5 litres/day and has a daily feed intake of 5 kg. It is highly drought resistant, and able to survive exclusively on dry fodder.[citation needed]

Some of the breed characteristics are:

  • Back sloping downwards from front to hind quarters.
  • Tail touching the ground.
  • Slight mobile horns, almost flat along the back and normally at different heights from each other.

Nearly Extinct[edit]

The Punganur is on the verge of extinction, with some 60 odd animals remaining.[citation needed] This decline is mainly due to the Indian Government's 2013 objective of 'bettering' Indian cattle breeds with Holstein-Friesian and Jersey cattle traits from developed countries, and banning[citation needed] the rearing of native bull breeds. The remaining Punganur cattle are being reared mainly on the Livestock Research Station, Palamaner, Chittoor district, attached to SV Veterinary University. A small informal group of private breeders are also working on reviving the breed.[citation needed]

It is not officially recognised as a breed since there are only a few animals remaining.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Chandrashekhar, B. (18 November 2011). "Punganur cow a craze among the rich". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 November 2011.