Punicic acid

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Punicic acid
Punicic acid
IUPAC name
9Z,11E,13Z-octadeca-9,11,13-trienoic acid
544-72-9 YesY
ChemSpider 4444570 N
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 5281126
Molar mass 278.43 g/mol
Melting point 44 to 45 °C (111 to 113 °F; 317 to 318 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Punicic acid (also called trichosanic acid) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid, 18:3 (n-5). It is named for the pomegranate, (Punica granatum), and is obtained from pomegranate seed oil. It is also found in the seed oils of snake gourd.[1]

Punicic acid is a conjugated linolenic acid or CLnA; i.e. it has three conjugated double bonds. It is chemically similar to the conjugated linoleic acids, or CLA, which have two. In lab rats, it was found that punicic acid was converted to the CLA rumenic acid (9Z11E-CLA).[2] In vitro, it shows anticancer activity against prostate cancer cells.[3] OLETF rats—a strain which becomes obese—remained relatively lean when punicic acid was added to their feed.[4]

Punicic acid makes up around 65% of the fatty acids in pomegranate seed oil.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cyberlipid. "POLYENOIC FATTY ACIDS". Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  2. ^ Tsuzuki T, Kawakami Y, Abe R (1 August 2006). "Conjugated linolenic acid is slowly absorbed in rat intestine, but quickly converted to conjugated linoleic acid". J Nutr 136 (8): 2153–9. PMID 16857834. Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  3. ^ Lansky E, Harrison G, Froom P, Jiang W (2005). "Pomegranate (Punica granatum) pure chemicals show possible synergistic inhibition of human PC-3 prostate cancer cell invasion across Matrigel". Invest New Drugs 23 (2): 121–2. doi:10.1007/s10637-005-5856-7. PMID 15744587. 
  4. ^ Arao K, Wang Y, Inoue N, Hirata J, Cha J, Nagao K, Yanagita T (2004). "Dietary effect of pomegranate seed oil rich in 9cis, 11trans, 13cis conjugated linolenic acid on lipid metabolism in obese, hyperlipidemic OLETF rats". Lipids Health Dis 3: 24. doi:10.1186/1476-511X-3-24. PMC 534798. PMID 15533261. Retrieved 2007-01-23.