Punjab Legislative Assembly

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Punjab Legislative Assembly
ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the House
Sunil Kumar Jakhar, INC
Structure
Seats 117
Political groups

     SAD (59)
     BJP (12)
     INC (43)

     Independent (3)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
January 30, 2012
Meeting place
Punjab vidhansabha.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in northern India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years, unless sooner dissolved. The current speaker of the Assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal. The meeting place of the legislative assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.

History[edit]

British Raj[edit]

An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 72 members.

1947-Present[edit]

On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganised and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was tri-furcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced the 40 seats[clarification needed] and the Vidhan Sabha by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.

Speaker of the Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Charanjit Singh Atwal is the current speaker of the Punjab Legislative Assembly, he was elected to the office in 2012.

Past speakers[edit]

Name Term
Kapur Singh 1947–1951
Satya Pal 1952–1954
Gurdial Singh Dhillon 1954–1962
Parbodh Chandra 1962–1964
Harbans Lal 1964–1967
Joginder Singh Mann 1967–1969
Darbara Singh 1969–1973
Kewal Krishan 1973–1977
Ravi Inder Singh 1977–1980
Brij Bhushan Mehra 1985–1986
Ravi Inder Singh 1985–1986
Surjit Singh Minhas 1986–1992
Harcharan Singh Ajnala 1992–1993
Harnam Das Johar 1993–1996
Dilbagh Singh Daleke 1996–1997
Charanjit Singh Atwal 1997–2002
Kewal Krishan 2002–2007
Nirmal Singh Kahlon 2007-2012
Charanjit Singh Atwal 2012–present

Past Deputy speakers[edit]

Name from to
Thakur Panchan Chand 03.11.1947 20.03.1951
Smt. Chhanno Devi 26.03.1951 20.06.1951
S. Gurdial Singh Dhillon 10.05.1952 17.05.1954
Ch. Swaroop Singh 19.05.1954 28.02.1962
Smt. Chhanno Devi 19.03.1962 31.10.1966
Dr. Jagjit Singh 27.03.1967 27.11.1967
S. Baldev Singh 08.12.1967 23.08.1968
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 20.03.1969 24.04.1970
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 28.07.1970 13.10.1971
Dr. Kewal Krishan 28.03.1972 25.09.1973
S. Nasib Singh Gill 28.09.1973 30.04.1977
Sh. Panna Lal Nayyar 08.07.1977 17.02.1980
S. Guizar Singh 08.07.1980 26.06.1985
S. Nirmal Singh Kahlon 05.11.1985 06.05.1986
S. Jaswant Singh 02.06.1986 05.03.1988
Sh. Romesh Chander Dogra 07.04.1992 07.01.1996
Sh. Naresh Thakur 28.02.1996 11.02.1997
Ch. Swarna Ram 18.06.1997 26.07.1997
Dr. Baldev Raj Chawla 23.12.1997 31.12.1999
Shri Satpal Gosain 05.09.2000 24.02.2002
Prof. Darbari Lal 26.06.2002 10.03.2003
S. Bir Devinder Singh 27.03.2003 09.07.2004
Prof. Darbari Lal 12.07.2004 10.03.2012
Dinesh Singh (Punjab politician) 20.03.2012 -

Political parties[edit]

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won  % Votes  % Votes in
Seats Cont.
1 Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 94 58 34.59 42.19
3 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 23 12 7.15 39.73
2 Indian National Congress 117 44 39.92 39.92
4 Independent - 3 7.13
Total 117

Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly elected in 2012[edit]

The following is the list of the members elected in 2012 to the Punjab assembly:[1]

No. Constituency Name of Member Party
1 Sujanpur Dinesh Singh BJP
2 Bhoa (SC) Seema Kumari BJP
3 Pathankot Ashwani Kumar Sharma BJP
4 Gurdaspur Gurbachan Singh Babbehali SAD
5 Dina Nagar (SC) Aruna Chaudhary INC
6 Qadian Charanjit Kaur Bajwa INC
7 Batala Ashwani Sekhri INC
8 Sri Hargobindpur (SC) Des Raj Dhugga SAD
9 Fatehgarh Churian Tripat Rajinder Singh Bajwa INC
10 Dera baba nanak Sukhjinder Singh INC
11 Ajnala Bonny Amarpal Singh Ajnala SAD
12 Raja sansi Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria INC
13 Majitha Bikram Singh Majithia (E) SAD
14 Jandiala (SC) Baljit Singh Jalal Usma SAD
15 Amritsar North Anil Joshi BJP
16 Amritsar West (SC) Raj Kumar (E) INC
17 Amritsar Central Om Parkash Soni (E) INC
18 Amritsar East Navjot Sidhu (E/W) BJP
19 Amritsar South Inderbir Singh Bolaria (E) SAD
20 Attari (SC) Gulzar Singh Ranike (E) SAD
21 Tarn taran Harmeet Singh Sandhu SAD
22 Khem karan Virsa Singh SAD
23 Patti Adeshpartap Singh Kairon SAD
24 Khadoor Sahib Ramanjit Singh Sikki INC
25 Baba bakala (SC) Manjit Singh Manna Mianwind (E) SAD
26 Bholath Bibi Jagir Kaur SAD
27 Kapurthala Rana Gurjit Singh INC
28 Sultanpur lodhi Navtej Singh INC
29 Phagwara (SC) Som Parkash BJP
30 Phillaur (SC) Avinash Chander SAD
31 Nakodar Gurpartap Singh Wadala SAD
32 Shahkot Ajit Singh Kohar SAD
33 Kartarpur (SC) Sarwan Singh SAD
34 Jalandhar West (SC) Chuni Lal Bhagat BJP
35 Jalandhar central Manoranjan Kalia BJP
36 Jalandhar North K.D.Bhandari BJP
37 Jalandhar Cantt Pargat Singh SAD
38 Adampur (SC) Sh. Pawan Kumar Tinu SAD
39 Mukerian Rajnish Kumar IND
40 Dasuya Amarjit Singh BJP
41 Urmar Sangat Singh INC
42 Sham chaurasi (SC) Mohinder Kaur Josh SAD
43 Hoshiarpur Sunder Sham Arora INC
44 Chabbewal (SC) Sohan Singh Thandal SAD
45 Garhshankar Surinder Singh Bhulewal Rathan SAD
46 Banga (SC) Tarlochan Singh INC
47 Nawan shahr Guriqbal Kaur INC
48 Balachaur Nand Lal SAD
49 Anandpur Sahib Madan Mohan Mittal BJP
50 Rupnagar Dr Daljeet Singh Cheema SAD
51 Chamkaur Sahib (SC) Charanjit Singh Channi INC
52 Kharar Jagmohan Singh INC
53 S.A.S.Nagar Balbir Singh Sidhu INC
54 Bassi Pathana (SC) Justice Nirmal Singh SAD
55 Fatehgarh Sahib Kuljit Singh Nagra INC
56 Amloh Randeep Singh INC
57 Khanna Gurkirat Singh INC
58 Samrala Amrik Singh INC
59 Sahnewal Sharanjit Singh Dhillon SAD
60 Ludhiana East Ranjit Singh Dhillon SAD
61 Ludhiana South Balwinder Singh Bains IND
62 Atam Nagar Simarjit Singh Bains IND
63 Ludhiana central Surinder Kumar Dawar INC
64 Ludhiana West Bharat Bhushan Ashu INC
65 Ludhiana North Rakesh Panday INC
66 Gill (SC) Darshan Singh Shivalik SAD
67 Payal (SC) Charanjit Singh Atwal SAD
68 Dakha Manpreet Singh Ayali SAD
69 Raikot (SC) Gurcharan Singh INC
70 Jagraon (SC) S R Kaler SAD
71 Nihal Singh Wala (SC) Rajwinder Kaur SAD
72 Bhagha Purana Maheshinder Singh SAD
73 Moga Joginder Pal Jain INC
74 Dharamkot Tota Singh SAD
75 Zira Hari Singh SAD
76 Firozpur City Parminder Singh Pinki INC
77 Firozpur Rural (SC) Joginder Singh Alias Jindu SAD
78 Guru har sahai Gurmeet Singh Sodhi INC
79 Jalalabad Sukhbir Singh Badal SAD
80 Fazilka Surjit Kumar Jyani BJP
81 Abohar Sunil Kumar Jakhar INC
82 Balluana (SC) Gurtej Singh SAD
83 Lambi Parkash Singh Badal SAD
84 Gidderbaha Amrinder Singh Raja Warring INC
85 Malout (SC) Harpreet Singh SAD
86 Muktsar Karan Kaur INC
87 Faridkot Deep Malhotra SAD
88 Kotkapura Mantar Singh Brar SAD
89 Jaitu (SC) Joginder Singh INC
90 Rampura Phul Sikander Singh Maluka SAD
91 Bhucho Mandi (SC) Ajaib Singh Bhatti INC
92 Bathinda urban Sarup Chand Singla SAD
93 Bathinda Rural (SC) Darshan Singh Kotfatta SAD
94 Talwandi Sabo Jeetmohinder Singh Sidhu SAD
95 Maur Janmeja Singh SAD
96 Mansa Prem Mittal SAD
97 Sardulgarh Ajit Inder Singh INC
98 Budhlada (SC) Chatin Singh SAD
99 Lehra Rajinder Kaur Bhattal INC
100 Dirba (SC) Sant Balvir Singh Ghunas SAD
101 Sunam Parminder Singh Dhindsa SAD
102 Bhadaur (SC) Mohammed Sadique INC
103 Barnala Kewal Singh Dhillon INC
104 Mehal kalan (SC) Harchand Kaur INC
105 Malerkotla F. Nesara Khatoon (Farzana Alam) SAD
106 Amargarh Iqbal Singh Jhundan SAD
107 Dhuri Gobind Singh Longowal SAD
108 Sangrur Parkash Chand Garg SAD
109 Nabha (SC) Sadhu Singh INC
110 Patiala Rural Brahm Mohindra INC
111 Rajpura Hardyal Singh Kamboj INC
112 Dera bassi N.K. Sharma SAD
113 Ghanaur Harpreet Kaur Mukhmailpura SAD
114 Sanour Lal Singh INC
115 Patiala Preneet Kaur INC
116 Samana Surjit Singh Rakhra SAD
117 Shutrana (SC) Vaninder Kaur Loomba SAD

References[edit]