Punjab Legislative Assembly

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Punjab Legislative Assembly
ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Rana KP Singh[1], INC
Deputy Speaker
Ajaib Singh Bhati, INC
Leader of the House
Structure
Seats 117
Punjab Legislative Assembly Nov 2017.svg
Political groups

Government (78)

Opposition (39)

  •      AAP (20)
  •      SAD (14)
  •      BJP (3)
  •      LIP (2)
Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
4 February 2017
Meeting place
Palace of Assembly Chandigarh 2006.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ ਵਿਧਾਨ ਸਭਾ) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in northern India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless dissolved sooner. The current Speaker of the Assembly is Rana KP Singh. The meeting place of the Legislative Assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh. The current ruling party is the Indian National Congress with 2/3rd Majority.

History[edit]

British Raj[edit]

An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 72 members.

1947 – present[edit]

On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganized and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was trifurcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced to 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha was grown by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.

Current Speaker of the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)[edit]

Rana KP Singh (Rana Kanwar Pal Singh) is the current Speaker of the Punjab Legislative Assembly. He was born in Jhandian village in Rupnagar in 1957. Rana K P Singh completed his schooling in neighboring Bharatgarh before moving to Dehradun to study law. He practiced law in Rupnagar courts for 21 years. After becoming sarpanch of his village, he was elevated to the position of the Youth Congress district president. Later, he became the general secretary of the Indian National Congress, Punjab unit before becoming a member of the All India Congress Committee. Key Positions Held:

  • Chairman, Sri Anandpur Sahib Land Development Bank
  • President, District Bar Association, Ropar
  • Chairman, Punjab Pollution Control Board, Punjab Govt.
  • Parliamentary Secretary, Punjab Govt.
  • Senator, Panjab University
  • Member of Public Accounts Committee of 12th Punjab Legislative Assembly during the years 2002-03 and 2004-05.
  • Chairman, Committee on Questions and References and Member of Committee on Estimates of 12th Punjab Legislative Assembly during the year 2003-04.
  • Member of Committee on Subordinate Legislation and Committee on Petitions of Punjab Legislative Assembly during the year 2004-05.
  • Member of Committee on Public Undertakings, Public Accounts Committee, Committee on Government Assurances, Committee on Papers laid/to be laid on the Table of the House, Committee on Estimates and House Committee during the years 2007-2012.

He was re-elected to the state assembly from Anandpur Sahib in 2017. Presently, he is serving as Speaker of Punjab Legislative Assembly elected by the members of the house unanimously on 27.03.2017

Speakers of the Punjab Assembly[edit]

Name Term
Kapur Singh 1947–1951
Satya Pal 1952–1954
Gurdial Singh Dhillon 1954–1962
Parbodh Chandra 1962–1964
Harbans Lal Gupta 1964–1967
Joginder Singh Mann 1967–1969
Darbara Singh 1969–1973
Kewal Krishan 1973–1977
Ravi Inder Singh 1977–1980
Brij Bhushan Mehra 1985–1986
Ravi Inder Singh 1985–1986
Surjit Singh Minhas 1986–1992
Harcharan Singh Ajnala 1992–1993
Harnam Das Johar 1993–1996
Dilbagh Singh Daleke 1996–1997
Charanjit Singh Atwal 1997–2002
Kewal Krishan 2002–2007
Nirmal Singh Kahlon 2007-2012
Charanjit Singh Atwal 2012–2017
Rana KP Singh 2017–present

Deputy Speakers of the Punjab Assembly[edit]

Name from to
Thakur Panchan Chand 03.11.1947 20.03.1951
Smt. Chhanno Devi 26.03.1951 20.06.1951
Dr. Gurdial Singh Dhillon 10.05.1952 17.05.1954
Swaroop Singh 19.05.1954 28.02.1962
Smt. Shanno Devi 19.03.1962 31.10.1966
Dr. Jagjit Singh 27.03.1967 27.11.1967
Baldev Singh 08.12.1967 23.08.1968
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 20.03.1969 24.04.1970
Brig. (Retd.) Bikramajit Singh Bajwa 28.07.1970 13.10.1971
Dr. Kewal Krishan 28.03.1972 25.09.1973
Nasib Singh Gill 28.09.1973 30.04.1977
Panna Lal Nayyar 08.07.1977 17.02.1980
Guizar Singh 08.07.1980 26.06.1985
Nirmal Singh Kahlon 05.11.1985 06.05.1986
Jaswant Singh 02.06.1986 05.03.1988
Romesh Chander Dogra 07.04.1992 07.01.1996
Naresh Thakur 28.02.1996 11.02.1997
Swarna Ram 18.06.1997 26.07.1997
Baldev Raj Chawla 23.12.1997 31.12.1999
Satpal Gosain 05.09.2000 24.02.2002
Prof. Darbari Lal 26.06.2002 10.03.2003
Bir Devinder Singh 27.03.2003 09.07.2004
Prof. Darbari Lal 12.07.2004 10.03.2012
Dinesh Singh 20.03.2012 03.2017
Ajaib Singh Bhatti 16.06.2017 present

List of Political Parties Participated in 2017 Elections[4][edit]

Only the political parties which has legislators in the assembly are mentioned below alongwith additional details:

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won Vote % in Seats Contested Votes in %
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 117 77 38.50 38.50
2 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 112 20 24.62 23.71
3 Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 94 15 30.78 25.24
4 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 23 3 29.94 5.39
5 Lok Insaaf Party (LIP) 6 2 26.46 1.22

Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly elected in 2017[5][edit]

AC No. Constituency Name of the Winning Candidate Political Party Votes secured (Votes in favour)
1 Sujanpur Dinesh Singh BJP 48910
2 Bhoa Joginder Pal INC 67865
3 Pathankot Amit Vij INC 56383
4 Gurdaspur Barindermeet Singh Pahra INC 67709
5 Dina Nagar Aruna Chaudhary INC 72176
6 Qadian Fatehjang Singh Bajwa INC 62596
7 Batala Lakhbir Singh Lodhinangal SAD 42517
8 Sri Hargobindpur Balwinder Singh INC 57489
9 Fatehgarh Churian Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa INC 54348
10 Dera Baba Nanak Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa INC 60385
11 Ajnala Harpartap Singh INC 61378
12 Raja Sansi Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria INC 59628
13 Majitha Bikram Singh Majithia SAD 65803
14 Jandiala Sukhwinder Singh Danny Bandala INC 53042
15 Amritsar North Sunil Dutti INC 59212
16 Amritsar West Raj Kumar Verka INC 52271
17 Amritsar Central Om Parkash Soni INC 51242
18 Amritsar East Navjot Singh Sidhu INC 60477
19 Amritsar South Inderbir Singh Bolaria INC 47581
20 Attari Tarsem Singh D.C. INC 55335
21 Tarn Taran Dr. Dharambir Agnihotri INC 59794
22 Khem Karan Sukhpal Singh Bhullar INC 81897
23 Patti Harminder Singh Gill INC 64617
24 Khadoor Sahib Ramanjeet Singh Sahota Sikki INC 64666
25 Baba Bakala Santokh Singh INC 45965
26 Bholath Sukhpal Singh Khaira AAP 48873
27 Kapurthala Rana Gurjit Singh INC 56378
28 Sultanpur Lodhi Navtej Singh Cheema INC 41843
29 Phagwara Som Parkash BJP 45479
30 Phillaur Baldev Singh Khaira SAD 41336
31 Nakodar Gurpratap Singh Wadala SAD 56241
32 Shahkot Ajit Singh Kohar SAD 46913
33 Kartarpur Chaudhary Surinder Singh INC 46729
34 Jalandhar West Sushil Kumar Rinku INC 53983
35 Jalandhar Central Rajinder Beri INC 55518
36 Jalandhar North Avtar Singh Junior INC 69715
37 Jalandhar Cantt. Pargat Singh Powar INC 59349
38 Adampur Pawan Kumar Tinu SAD 45229
39 Mukerian Rajnish Kumar Babbi INC 56787
40 Dasuya Arun Dogra INC 56527
41 Urmar Sangat Singh Gilzian INC 51477
42 Sham Chaurasi Pawan Kumar Adia INC 46612
43 Hoshiarpur Sunder Sham Arora INC 49951
44 Chabbewal Dr. Raj Kumar INC 57857
45 Garhshankar Jai Krishan AAP 41720
46 Banga (Sc) Sukhwinder Kumar SAD 45256
47 Nawanshahr Angad Singh INC 38197
48 Balachaur Darshan Lal INC 49558
49 Anandpur Sahib Kanwar Pal Singh INC 60800
50 Rupnagar Amarjit Singh Sandoa AAP 58994
51 Chamkaur Sahib Charanjit Singh Channi INC 61060
52 Kharar Kanwar Sandhu AAP 54171
53 S.A.S.Nagar Balbir Singh Sidhu INC 66844
54 Bassi Pathana Gurpreet Singh INC 47319
55 Fatehgarh Sahib Kuljit Singh Nagra INC 58205
56 Amloh Randeep Singh INC 39669
57 Khanna Gurkirat Singh Kotli INC 55690
58 Samrala Amrik Singh Dhillon INC 51930
59 Sahnewal Sharanjit Singh Dhillon SAD 63184
60 Ludhiana East Sanjeev Talwar INC 43010
61 Ludhiana South Balvinder Singh Bains LIP 53955
62 Atam Nagar Simarjeet Singh Bains LIP 53421
63 Ludhiana Central Surinder Kumar Dawar INC 47871
64 Ludhiana West Bharat Bhushan (Ashu) INC 66627
65 Ludhiana North Rakesh Pandey INC 44864
66 Gill Kuldeep Singh Vaid (Bulara) INC 67927
67 Payal Lakhvir Singh Lakha INC 57776
68 Dakha Harvinder Singh Phoolka AAP 58923
69 Raikot Jagtar Singh Jagga Hissowal AAP 48245
70 Jagraon Saravjit Kaur Manuke AAP 61521
71 Nihal Singhwala Manjit Singh AAP 67313
72 Bhagha Purana Darshan Singh Brar INC 48668
73 Moga Harjot Kamal Singh INC 52357
74 Dharamkot Sukhjit Singh INC 63238
75 Zira Kulbir Singh INC 69899
76 Firozpur City Parminder Singh Pinki INC 67559
77 Firozpur Rural Satkar Kaur INC 71037
78 Guru Har Sahai Gurmeet Singh Sodhi INC 62787
79 Jalalabad Sukhbir Singh Badal SAD 75271
80 Fazilka Davinder Singh Ghubaya INC 39276
81 Abohar Arun Narang BJP 55091
82 Balluana Nathu Ram INC 25266
83 Lambi Parkash Singh SAD 66375
84 Gidderbaha Amrinder Singh AKA Raja Warring INC 63500
85 Malout Ajaib Singh Bhatti INC 49098
86 Muktsar Kanwarjit Singh SAD 44894
87 Faridkot Kusaldeep Singh Kiki Dhillon INC 51026
88 Kotkapura Kultar Singh Sandhwan AAP 47401
89 Jaitu Baldev Singh AAP 45344
90 Rampura Phul Gurpreet Singh Kangar INC 55269
91 Bhucho Mandi Pritam Singh Kotbhai INC 51605
92 Bathinda Urban Manpreet Singh Badal INC 63942
93 Bathinda Rural Rupinder Kaur Ruby AAP 51572
94 Talwandi Sabo Prof. Baljinder Kaur AAP 54553
95 Maur Jagdev Singh AAP 62282
96 Mansa Nazar Singh Manshahia AAP 70586
97 Sardulgarh Dilraj Singh SAD 59420
98 Budhlada Budh Ram AAP 52265
99 Lehra Parminder Singh Dhindsa SAD 65550
100 Dirba Harpal Singh Cheema AAP 46434
101 Sunam Aman Arora AAP 72815
102 Bhadaur Pirmal Singh Dhaula AAP 57095
103 Barnala Gurmeet Singh Meet Haher AAP 47606
104 Mehal Kalan Kulwant Singh Pandori AAP 57551
105 Malerkotla Razia Sultana INC 58982
106 Amargarh Surjit Singh Dhiman INC 50994
107 Dhuri Dalvir Singh Goldy INC 49347
108 Sangrur Vijay Inder Singla INC 67310
109 Nabha Sadhu Singh INC 60861
110 Patiala Rural Brahm Mohindra INC 68891
111 Rajpura Hardial Singh Kamboj INC 59107
112 Dera Bassi Narinder Kumar Sharma SAD 70792
113 Ghanaur Thekedar Madan Lal Jalalpur INC 65965
114 Sanour Harinder Pal Singh Chandumajra SAD 58867
115 Patiala Amarinder Singh INC 72586
116 Samana Rajinder Singh INC 62551
117 Shutrana Nirmal Singh INC 58008

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congress picks Hindu face Rana KP as new Punjab assembly speaker". Hindustan Times. 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2017-11-21. 
  2. ^ "AAP removes Khaira, appoints Harpal Cheema as leader of opposition". The Tribune. 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2018-07-27. 
  3. ^ "Punjab elections results: All you need to know". The Times of India. Indiatimes. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "List of Political Parties Participated". Election Commission of India. 
  5. ^ "Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly elected in 2017". Election Commission of India.