Punjab Legislative Assembly

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Punjab Legislative Assembly
15th Legislative Assembly of Punjab
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Rana Kanwar Pal Singh, INC
since 27 March 2017
Ajaib Singh Bhatti, INC
since 16 June 2017
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Capt. Amarinder Singh, INC
since 16 March 2017
Harpal Singh Cheema, AAP
since 27 July 2018
Deputy Leader of Opposition
Saravjit Kaur Manuke, AAP
since 16 March 2017
Structure
Seats117
Punjab assembly.svg
Political groups
Government (78)
  •      INC (78)

Opposition (33)

  •      AAP (16)
  •      SAD (13)
  •      BJP (2)
  •      LIP (2)

Vacant

Length of term
5 years
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
4 February 2017
Meeting place
Assembly 09.jpg
Vidhan Bhavan, Chandigarh, India
Website
Homepage

The Punjab Legislative Assembly or the Punjab Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the state of Punjab in India. At present, it consists of 117 members, directly elected from 117 single-seat constituencies. The tenure of the Legislative Assembly is five years unless dissolved sooner. The current Speaker of the Assembly is Rana K. P. Singh. The meeting place of the Legislative Assembly since 6 March 1961 is the Vidhan Bhavan in Chandigarh.

History[edit]

British Raj[edit]

An Executive Council was formed under The Indian Councils Act, 1861. It was only under the Government of India Act 1919 that a Legislative Council was set up in Punjab. Later, under the Government of India Act 1935, the Punjab Legislative Assembly was constituted with a membership of 175. It was summoned for the first time on 1 April 1937. In 1947, Punjab Province was partitioned into West Punjab and East Punjab and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly was formed, the forerunner of the current assembly consisting of 79 members.

1947 – present[edit]

On 15 July 1948, eight princely states of East Punjab grouped together to form a single state, Patiala and East Punjab States Union. The Punjab State Legislature was a bicameral house in April 1952, comprising the Vidhan Sabha (lower house) and Vidhan Parishad (upper house). In 1956 the state was reorganized and renamed Punjab, the strength of the Vidhan Parishad of the new State of Punjab was enhanced from 40 seats to 46 seats and in 1957, it was increased to 51. Punjab was trifurcated in 1966 to form Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab. The Vidhan Parishad was reduced to 40 seats and the Vidhan Sabha was grown by 50 seats to 104 seats. On 1 January 1970, the Vidhan Parishad was abolished leaving the state with a unicameral legislature.

List of Political Parties Participated in 2017 Elections[edit]

Only the political parties are mentioned here which got seats in the assembly are mentioned below along with additional details[1]: Punjab election, 2017.png

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won Vote % in Seats Contested Votes in %
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 117 77 38.50 38.50
2 Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) 112 20 24.62 23.71
3 Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) 94 15 30.78 25.24
4 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 23 3 29.94 5.39
5 Lok Insaaf Party (LIP) 5 2 26.46 1.22

Members of the Punjab Legislative Assembly elected in 2017, Updated as of 24 May 2019[edit]

AC No. Constituency Name of the Winning Candidate[2] Political Party Votes secured (Votes in favour)
1 Sujanpur Dinesh Singh BJP 48910
2 Bhoa Joginder Pal INC 67865
3 Pathankot Amit Vij INC 56383
4 Gurdaspur Barindermeet Singh Pahra INC 67709
5 Dina Nagar Aruna Chaudhary INC 72176
6 Qadian Fatehjang Singh Bajwa INC 62596
7 Batala Lakhbir Singh Lodhinangal SAD 42517
8 Sri Hargobindpur Balwinder Singh INC 57489
9 Fatehgarh Churian Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa INC 54348
10 Dera Baba Nanak Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa INC 60385
11 Ajnala Harpartap Singh INC 61378
12 Raja Sansi Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria INC 59628
13 Majitha Bikram Singh Majithia SAD 65803
14 Jandiala Sukhwinder Singh Danny Bandala INC 53042
15 Amritsar North Sunil Dutti INC 59212
16 Amritsar West Raj Kumar Verka INC 52271
17 Amritsar Central Om Parkash Soni INC 51242
18 Amritsar East Navjot Singh Sidhu INC 60477
19 Amritsar South Inderbir Singh Bolaria INC 47581
20 Attari Tarsem Singh D.C. INC 55335
21 Tarn Taran Dr. Dharambir Agnihotri INC 59794
22 Khem Karan Sukhpal Singh Bhullar INC 81897
23 Patti Harminder Singh Gill INC 64617
24 Khadoor Sahib Ramanjeet Singh Sahota Sikki INC 64666
25 Baba Bakala Santokh Singh INC 45965
26 Bholath Sukhpal Singh Khaira (resigned on 25 April 2019) AAP 48873
27 Kapurthala Rana Gurjit Singh INC 56378
28 Sultanpur Lodhi Navtej Singh Cheema INC 41843
29 Phagwara Som Parkash (resigned on 23 May 2019) BJP 45479
30 Phillaur Baldev Singh Khaira SAD 41336
31 Nakodar Gurpratap Singh Wadala SAD 56241
32 Shahkot Ajit Singh Kohar (died on 4 Feb. 2018) SAD 46913
32 Sahkot (bypoll in May 2018) Hardev Singh Ladi INC 82745
33 Kartarpur Chaudhary Surinder Singh INC 46729
34 Jalandhar West Sushil Kumar Rinku INC 53983
35 Jalandhar Central Rajinder Beri INC 55518
36 Jalandhar North Avtar Singh Junior INC 69715
37 Jalandhar Cantt. Pargat Singh Powar INC 59349
38 Adampur Pawan Kumar Tinu SAD 45229
39 Mukerian Rajnish Kumar Babbi INC 56787
40 Dasuya Arun Dogra INC 56527
41 Urmar Sangat Singh Gilzian INC 51477
42 Sham Chaurasi Pawan Kumar Adia INC 46612
43 Hoshiarpur Sunder Sham Arora INC 49951
44 Chabbewal Dr. Raj Kumar INC 57857
45 Garhshankar Jai Krishan AAP 41720
46 Banga (Sc) Sukhwinder Kumar SAD 45256
47 Nawanshahr Angad Singh INC 38197
48 Balachaur Darshan Lal INC 49558
49 Anandpur Sahib Kanwar Pal Singh INC 60800
50 Rupnagar Amarjit Singh Sandoa (resigned on 5 May 2019) AAP 58994
51 Chamkaur Sahib Charanjit Singh Channi INC 61060
52 Kharar Kanwar Sandhu AAP 54171
53 S.A.S.Nagar Balbir Singh Sidhu INC 66844
54 Bassi Pathana Gurpreet Singh INC 47319
55 Fatehgarh Sahib Kuljit Singh Nagra INC 58205
56 Amloh Randeep Singh INC 39669
57 Khanna Gurkirat Singh Kotli INC 55690
58 Samrala Amrik Singh Dhillon INC 51930
59 Sahnewal Sharanjit Singh Dhillon SAD 63184
60 Ludhiana East Sanjeev Talwar INC 43010
61 Ludhiana South Balvinder Singh Bains LIP 53955
62 Atam Nagar Simarjeet Singh Bains LIP 53421
63 Ludhiana Central Surinder Kumar Dawar INC 47871
64 Ludhiana West Bharat Bhushan Ashu INC 66627
65 Ludhiana North Rakesh Pandey INC 44864
66 Gill Kuldeep Singh Vaid INC 67927
67 Payal Lakhvir Singh Lakha INC 57776
68 Dakha Harvinder Singh Phoolka (resigned on 12 oct. 2018) AAP 58923
69 Raikot Jagtar Singh Jagga Hissowal AAP 48245
70 Jagraon Saravjit Kaur Manuke AAP 61521
71 Nihal Singhwala Manjit Singh AAP 67313
72 Bhagha Purana Darshan Singh Brar INC 48668
73 Moga Harjot Kamal Singh INC 52357
74 Dharamkot Sukhjit Singh INC 63238
75 Zira Kulbir Singh INC 69899
76 Firozpur City Parminder Singh Pinki INC 67559
77 Firozpur Rural Satkar Kaur INC 71037
78 Guru Har Sahai Gurmeet Singh Sodhi INC 62787
79 Jalalabad Sukhbir Singh Badal (resigned on 23 May 2019) SAD 75271
80 Fazilka Davinder Singh Ghubaya INC 39276
81 Abohar Arun Narang BJP 55091
82 Balluana Nathu Ram INC 25266
83 Lambi Parkash Singh SAD 66375
84 Gidderbaha Amrinder Singh AKA Raja Warring INC 63500
85 Malout Ajaib Singh Bhatti INC 49098
86 Muktsar Kanwarjit Singh SAD 44894
87 Faridkot Kushaldeep Singh Dhillon INC 51026
88 Kotkapura Kultar Singh Sandhwan AAP 47401
89 Jaitu Baldev Singh AAP 45344
90 Rampura Phul Gurpreet Singh Kangar INC 55269
91 Bhucho Mandi Pritam Singh Kotbhai INC 51605
92 Bathinda Urban Manpreet Singh Badal INC 63942
93 Bathinda Rural Rupinder Kaur Ruby AAP 51572
94 Talwandi Sabo Prof. Baljinder Kaur AAP 54553
95 Maur Jagdev Singh AAP 62282
96 Mansa Nazar Singh Manshahia (resigned on 25 April 2019) AAP 70586
97 Sardulgarh Dilraj Singh SAD 59420
98 Budhlada Budh Ram AAP 52265
99 Lehra Parminder Singh Dhindsa SAD 65550
100 Dirba Harpal Singh Cheema AAP 46434
101 Sunam Aman Arora AAP 72815
102 Bhadaur Pirmal Singh Dhaula AAP 57095
103 Barnala Gurmeet Singh Meet Haher AAP 47606
104 Mehal Kalan Kulwant Singh Pandori AAP 57551
105 Malerkotla Razia Sultana INC 58982
106 Amargarh Surjit Singh Dhiman INC 50994
107 Dhuri Dalvir Singh Goldy INC 49347
108 Sangrur Vijay Inder Singla INC 67310
109 Nabha Sadhu Singh INC 60861
110 Patiala Rural Brahm Mohindra INC 68891
111 Rajpura Hardial Singh Kamboj INC 59107
112 Dera Bassi Narinder Kumar Sharma SAD 70792
113 Ghanaur Thekedar Madan Lal Jalalpur INC 65965
114 Sanour Harinder Pal Singh Chandumajra SAD 58867
115 Patiala Amarinder Singh INC 72586
116 Samana Rajinder Singh INC 62551
117 Shutrana Nirmal Singh INC 58008

Council of Lieutenant Governor of Punjab (1897-1920)[edit]

Council
(Tenure)
Presided by Tenure
(Presiding dates)[3]
1st
(1 November 1898 – 3 July 1909)
William Mackworth Young 1 November 1897 – 28 February 1902
Charles Montgomery Rivaz 10 November 1902 – 28 February 1907
Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson 29 July 1905
5 August 1905
Louis William Dane 3 July 1909
2nd
(3 January 1910 – 14 December 1912)
12 March 1910 – 14 December 1912
3rd
(4 January 1913 – 19 April 1916)
4 January 1913 – 18 April 1913
Michael Francis O'Dwyer 19 September 1913 – 19 April 1916
4th
(12 June 1916 – 6 April 1920)
12 June 1916 – 7 April 1919
Edward Douglas Maclagan 10 November 1919 – 6 April 1920
Harbert John Maynard
(vice president)
21 November 1918 – 12 December 1918

Punjab Legislative Council (1921-1936)[edit]

President

Council
(Tenure)
Name Tenure[4] Governor
1st
(8 January 1921 – 27 October 1923)
Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler 8 January 1921 21 March 1922 Edward Douglas Maclagan
Herbert Alexander Casson 10 May 1922 27 October 1923
2nd
(2 January 1924 – 27 October 1926)
2 January 1924 16 January 1925 Edward Douglas Maclagan and William Malcolm Hailey
Sheikh Abdul Qadir 16 January 1925 4 September 1925
Shahab-ud-Din Virk 3 December 1925 27 October 1926
3rd
(3 January 1927 – 26 July 1930)
4 January 1927 26 July 1930 William Malcolm Hailey and G. F. Montmorency
4th
(24 October 1930 – 10 November 1936)
25 October 1930 24 July 1936 G. F. Montmorency, Sikandar Hayat Khan and Herbert William Emerson
Chhotu Ram 20 October 1936 10 November 1936

Deputy President

Council Name Tenure
1st Sardar Mehtab Singh 23 February 1921 24 October 1921
Manohar Lal 3 November 1921 27 October 1923
2nd Sheikh Abdul Qadir 5 January 1924 16 January 1925
Mohinder Singh 5 March 1925 27 October 1926
3rd Buta Singh 5 January 1927 21 July 1927
Habibullah 21 July 1927 26 July 1930
4th Harbaksh Singh 8 November 1930 17 January 1931
Buta Singh 2 March 1931 10 November 1936

Leader of Opposition in Punjab Assembly[edit]

Color Keys for the Party of Leader of opposition

No. Name Tenure Party
Before Independence
1 Gopi Chand Bhargava 1937 - 1940 Indian National Congress
2 Lala Bhim Sen Sachar 1940 - 1946
3 Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot 1946 - 1947 All-India Muslim League
After Independence
- Vacant
(no opposition in assembly)
15 August 1947 - 17 April 1952 -
1 Gopal Singh khalsa 17 April 1952 - 9 April 1957 Shiromani Akali Dal
- Vacant
(no official opposition)
9 April 1957 - 11 March 1962 -
2 Gurnam Singh 11 March 1962 - 5 July 1966 Shiromani Akali Dal
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
5 July 1966 - 1 November 1966 -
(2) Gurnam Singh 1 November 1966 - 8 March 1967 Shiromani Akali Dal
3 Gian Singh Rarewala 9 March 1967 - 24 November 1967 Indian National Congress
(2) Gurnam Singh 24 November 1967 - 23 August 1968 Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
23 August 1968 - 17 February 1969 -
4 Major Harinder Singh 17 February 1969 - 14 June 1971 Indian National Congress
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
14 June 1971 - 16 March 1972 -
5 Jaswinder Singh Brar 16 March 1972 - 2 October 1972 Shiromani Akali Dal
6 Prakash Singh Badal 2 October 1972 - 30 April 1977
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
30 April 1977 - 19 June 1977 -
7 Balram Jakhar 19 June 1977 - 17 February 1980 Indian National Congress
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
17 February 1980 - 7 June 1980 -
(6) Prakash Singh Badal 7 June 1980 - 7 October 1983 Shiromani Akali Dal
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
7 October 1983 - 29 September 1985 -
8 Gurbinder Kaur Brar 29 September 1985 - 11 May 1987 Indian National Congress
- Vacant
(state under President's rule)
11 May 1987 - 25 February 1992 -
9 Satnam Singh Kainth 25 February 1992 - 12 February 1997 Bahujan Samaj Party
10 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal 12 February 1997 - 28 November 1998 Indian National Congress
11 Chaudhary Jagjit Singh 28 November 1998 - 26 February 2002
(6) Prakash Singh Badal 26 February 2002 - 1 March 2007 Shiromani Akali Dal
(10) Rajinder Kaur Bhattal 1 March 2007 - 14 March 2012 Indian National Congress
12 Sunil Jakhar 14 March 2012 - 11 December 2015
13 Charanjit Singh Channi 11 December 2015 - 11 November 2016
- Vacant
(all opposition members resigned against SYL canal issue)
11 November 2016 - 16 March 2017 -
14 Harvinder Singh Phoolka 16 March 2017 - 9 July 2017 Aam Aadmi Party
15 Sukhpal Singh Khaira 9 July 2017 - 26 July 2018
16 Harpal Singh Cheema 27 July 2018 - Incumbent

Interim Assembly (1947-1951)[edit]

On 3 June 1947 the assembly which was elected in 1946 divided into two parts. One was West Punjab Assembly and other was East Punjab Assembly to decide whether or not the province of Punjab be partitioned. After voting on both sides, partition was decided. Consequently, the existing Punjab Legislative Assembly was also divided into West Punjab Legislative Assembly and the East Punjab Legislative Assembly. The sitting members belonging to the Western Section subsequently became the members of the new Assembly renamed as the West Punjab Legislative Assembly. The sitting members belonging to the Eastern Section subsequently became the members of the new Assembly renamed as the East Punjab Legislative Assembly. The members which were elected in 1946 election on the ticket of Shiromani Akali Dal and Unionist Party after Partition all joined the Indian National Congress. There were total 79 members.[5]

On 15 August 1947 Gopi Chand Bhargava elected the Chief Minister of East Punjab by Members of Interim Assembly.

On 1 November 1947 first time interim assembly sit. Kapur Singh elected Speaker on same day and 2 days later on 3 November Thakur Panchan Chand elected Deputy speaker.

On 6 April 1949 Bhim Sen Sachar and Pratap Singh Kairon with other members moved Motion of no confidence against Gopi Chand Bhargava. Dr. Bhargava failed to secure motion by one vote. No confidence motion was carried by 40 votes in favour and 39 against.[6]

On same day Bhim Sen Sachar elected the leader of congress assembly party. He took oath of Chief Minister of Punjab on 13 April 1949. On issue of corruption Sachar resigned from the post and on next day on 18 October 1949 Bhargava took charge of Chief minister of Punjab.

Thakur Panchan Chand resigned from the post of Deputy Speaker on 20 March 1951. On 26 March 1951 Smt. Shanno Devi elected Deputy Speaker. Interim Assembly was dissolved on 20 June 1951.

Previous Results[edit]

Pre-Independence

Year UoP INC SAD AIML IND Others Total
1937 95 18 10 1 20 30 175
1946 20 51 22 73 7 2

After Independence

Years INC SAD AAP BJP IND Others Total
1952 96 13 ~ ~ 9 8 126
1957 120 ^ 13 21 154
1962 90 19 18 27
1967 48 ^ 9 47 104
1969 38 43 4 17
1972 66 24 3 11
1977 17 58 2 40 117
1980 63 37 1 2 14
1985 32 73 6 4 2
1992 87 ^ 6 4 20
1997 14 75 18 6 4
2002 62 41 3 9 2
2007 44 48 19 5 0 116
2012 46 56 12 3 0 117
2017 77 15 20 3 0 2
  • ^ - Party didn't contest election
  • ~ - Party didn't exist

Previous Assemblies[edit]

Assembly Tenure Party formed government Note
First sitting Date of dissolution
Pre-Independence
1 5 April 1937 19 March 1945 Unionist Party Assembly tenure extended due to Violence during Partition
2 21 March 1946 4 July 1947 Assembly dissolved prematurely due to Partition
After Independence
- 1 November 1947 20 June 1951 Indian National Congress Interim Assembly
1 3 May 1952 31 March 1957
2 24 April 1957 1 March 1962
3 13 March 1962 28 February 1967 Assembly under suspension from 5 July 1966 to 1 November 1966
4 20 March 1967 23 August 1968 Akali Dal - Sant Fateh Singh Assembly dissolved prematurely
5 13 March 1969 13 June 1971 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
6 21 March 1972 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress Assembly tenure extended by one month due to Emergency
7 30 June 1977 17 February 1980 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
8 23 June 1980 26 June 1985 Indian National Congress (Indira) Assembly under suspension from 6 October 1983
9 14 October 1985 11 May 1987 Shiromani Akali Dal Assembly dissolved prematurely
10 16 March 1992 11 February 1997 Indian National Congress (Indira) -
11 3 March 1997 26 February 2002 Shiromani Akali Dal
12 21 March 2002 27 February 2007 Indian National Congress
13 1 March 2007 6 March 2012 Shiromani Akali Dal
14 19 March 2012 11 March 2017
15 24 March 2017 till now Indian National Congress

State Under Governor or President's rule[edit]

S. No. Governor or
President Rule
Tenure Reason
Before Independence
1 Governor's Rule 5 February 1946 21 March 1946 44 days To conduct fresh and Impartial election
2 Governor's Rule 2 March 1947 15 August 1947 166 days Government resigned against the decision of Partition of India
After Independence
1 President's rule 20 June 1951 17 April 1952 302 days Pandit Nehru kept the Punjab Assembly in suspension to help the state Congress government get its act together.
2 President's rule 5 July 1966 1 November 1966 119 days State administration was taken over, ostensibly to facilitate bifurcation of Punjab state into two, Punjab and Haryana
3 President's rule 23 August 1968 17 February 1969 178 days Break-up of coalition
4 President's rule 14 June 1971 17 March 1972 277 days Following poor performance in March, 1971 Lok Sabha Elections, incumbent Chief Minister advised dissolving state assembly and holding fresh elections to state legislature.
5 President's rule 30 April 1977 20 June 1977 51 days To conduct the fresh election after Emergency in India
6 President's rule 17 February 1980 6 June 1980 110 days Government dismissed in spite of Parkash Singh Badal enjoying majority support in Assembly
7 President's rule 6 October 1983 29 September 1985 1 year, 358 days Insurgency and breakdown of law and order
8 President's rule 11 June 1987 25 February 1992 4 years, 259 days Insurgency and breakdown of law and order

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties Participated". Election Commission of India.
  2. ^ "punjab.gov.in".
  3. ^ The Punjab Parliamentarians 1897-2013, Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, Lahore - Pakistan, 2015
  4. ^ The Punjab Parliamentarians 1897-2013, Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, Lahore - Pakistan, 2015
  5. ^ page xxviii-xxix of Punjab Vidhan Sabha Compendium. Retrieved on 12 January 2019.
  6. ^ Turmoil in Punjab Politics. pp.27