Punjabi Saudagaran-e-Delhi

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Qaume-e-Punjaban / Shamsi
Regions with significant populations
• Pakistan • India • Saudi Arabia
Languages
UrduEnglishArabicPunjabi
Religion
Allah-green.svg Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
KhatriAroraPunjabi ShaikhShaikh

The Jamiat-e-Punjabi-Saudagaran-e-Delhi or Punjabi Shamsi (Urdu: جمعیت پنجابی سوداگران دہلی ‎), sometimes referred to as the Qaum-e-Punjabian (Urdu: قوم پنجابیان), Delhi Walay (Urdu: دہلی والے ‎), Aldehlawi (Arabic: الدهلوي ‎), or simply Shamsi Biradari (Urdu: شمسی برادری ‎) are a community of Punjabi Muslims that historically came from Sargodha in Punjab and then lived mainly in Old Delhi, India. They also settled in a number of other cities such as towns in western Uttar Pradesh, such as Agra, Aligarh, Meerut, Moradabad, Bareilly, Rampur, Kanpur; including areas within western Uttar Pradesh that now falls in state of Uttarakhand; namely Nainital and Haldwani. After the partition of India, and subsequent independence of Pakistan in 1947, many members of the community migrated to Pakistan, particularly Karachi and Lahore, while few chose to migrate to Mecca and Medina.

History[edit]

According to tradition, the clan belonged to the Muslim Khatris community, some of whom were converted to Islam by Hazrat Shamsuddin Sabzwari. Some subgroups use the surname Shamsi (a disciple of Shams), in his honour. Some families moved from Sargodha, in what is now Pakistan in the 17th century, in search of business opportunities to Uttar Pradesh and especially in Delhi on behalf of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzaib Alamgir. Other than in Delhi, important Qaum-e-Punjabian communities exist in Aligarh, Agra, Roorkee, Aonla, Hapur, Moradabad, Rampur, Kanpur and Kolkata.

The Qaum-e-Punjabian use Multani, Saudagar or Shamsi as their surname. They are an endogamous community, practicing both cross-cousin and parallel-cousin marriages.

They are divided into various lineages some also use Multani, Goronwalay, Allahwalay, Namoonay Walay, Taar-Gitti Walay, Lahore Walay, Ambala Walay, Chanwla, Chandna etc as a title.

Historically, the Qaum-e-Punjabian played an important role in India's trans-regional trade.

Quam-e-Punjabian Aonla[edit]

The Quam-e-Punjabian Aonla, are a separate sub-group of the Punjabi Saudagars. They are said to have settled in the town of Aonla in Rohilkhand in the early 17th Century. The Aonla Punjabi Saudagar are now found scattered all over Rohilkhand, in particular the city of Bareilly, where the settlement of Saudagar Tola is particularly ancient. In spite of their common ethnic origin with Qaum -e -Punjabian Delhi, they form a distinct community, with their own communal organizations. A significant number have immigrated to Kolkata and Mumbai. Their main Biradaris are the Soleja, Mahindarata, Chabra and Khera. A much smaller number have also settled in Karachi.[1]

Associations[edit]

There are two main organizations initiated by the Punjabi Saudagaran community that are active in Karachi:

  • The Jamiyat Punjabi Saudagaran-e-Delhi (Association of Punjabi traders of Delhi) was registered in Delhi in the year 1910, and is composed of a president, two vice-presidents, one honorary secretary and one joint secretary.[2]

A monthly digest containing all the happenings in the community all around the world and efforts made for the nation by the community's prominent persons, is published and issued under the title "Saudaagar". There is a book acknowledging the well-known figures in the community, such as Tipu Sultan, with the title of "Yaad-e-Raftgaan". They also have a Jamiyat Punjabi Saudagaran-e-Dehli Maiyat Bus Service. They have their own graveyards for their Biradri known as "Yousuf Pura", "Shams Pura", "Bagh Nawab Uddin" and "Shafiq Pura" at Karachi. They also provide a Ghusal e Maiyat Service. The Jamiyat also give monthly pension, houses, daily household things to widows, unmarried, orphans and other poor people of their Biradri.

  • The other one is ANJUMAN PUNJABI SAUDAGRAN Ibraheem state building, which is also a community base NGO providing financial assistance, health, education, residence, character building, event management and grooming social activities for the people of Pakistan, the organization consist of one President, one Vice President, an Honorary General Secretary, a Joint Secretary and one treasurer and a total 21 members of the board, They also publish a monthly Gazette with the name Anjuman Qaumi Gazette which is widely circulated to the members

Current position[edit]

The independence in 1947 was a traumatic event, and a significant portion of this community had to leave India. After the independence of Pakistan, a large number of these traders migrated to Lahore and Karachi. A few number of these traders migrated to Mecca and Medina and are usually referred to by the surname, “Aldehlawi”. Some still continue to live in Delhi.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muslims of Calcutta: A Study in Aspects of their Social Organization by M.K.A Siddiqui
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 June 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/mp/2003/03/06/stories/2003030600560300.htm