|• Punjabi • English|
|• Islam • Hinduism • Sikhism • Christianity • Jainism • non-religious|
|Related ethnic groups|
|• Indian Diaspora, Sikh diaspora, Pakistani diaspora, South Asian Diaspora|
The Punjabi diaspora refers to the descendants of ethnic Punjabis who emigrated out of the Punjab region to the rest of the world. Punjabis are one of the largest ethnic groups in both the Pakistani and Indian diasporas. The Punjabi diaspora numbers around 10 million, mainly concentrated in Britain, North America, Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
Persian Gulf states
In the Gulf states, the largest group among Pakistani expatriates are the Punjabis.
Among Hong Kong Indian adolescents, Punjabi is the most common language other than Cantonese. The Punjabis were influential in the military, and in line with the British military thinking of the time (namely, the late 19th century and early 20th century) Punjabi Sikhs, Punjabi Hindus and Punjabi Muslims formed two separate regiments. The regiments were as follows:
- Punjab regiment: 25,000 soldiers (50% Muslim, 40% Hindu and 10% Sikh)
- Sikh Regiment: 10,000 soldiers (80% Sikh, 20% Hindu)
From the 2006 Government by-census results, it shows a population of roughly 20,444 Indians and roughly 11,111 Pakistanis residing at the former British territory.
Most Kenyan Asians are Gujaratis, but the second largest group are Punjabis.
Although most Malaysian Indians are Tamils, there were also many Punjabis that immigrated to Malaysia. According to Amarjit Kaur as of 1993 there were 60, 000 Punjabis in Malaysia. Robin Cohen estimates the number of Malaysian Sikhs as 30, 000 (as of 1995). Recent figures state that there are 130,000 Sikhs in Malaysia.
The third largest group among Indo-Singaporeans in 1980 were Punjabis (after Tamils - who form a majority of Indo-Singaporeans - and Malayalis), at 7.8% of the Indo-Singaporean population. There is Punjabi Society Singapore for Punjabi's to celebrate their festivals, meet other Punjabi's in various occasion through www.punjabisocietysingapore.com
In the United Kingdom, around two-thirds of direct migrants (excluding South Asians that immigrated from the Caribbean, Fiji and other regions) from South Asia were Punjabi. The remaining third is mostly Gujarati and Bengali. They form a majority of both the South Asian British Sikh and Hindu communities.
Population of Sikhs by UK Censuses
The earliest South Asian immigrants to the United States were Punjabis, who mostly immigrated to the West Coast, particularly California. Half of Pakistani Americans are Punjabis. 85% of the early Indian immigrants to the US were Sikhs, although they were branded by White Americans as "Hindoos". 90% of Indians who settled in the Central Valley of California were Punjabi Sikhs.
- http://apnaorg.com/articles/ishtiaq8/ - Punjabis Without Punjabi
- Tony Ballantyne. Between Colonialism and Diaspora: Sikh Cultural Formations in an Imperial World.
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- Ayesha Jalal (1995). Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective. Cambridge University Press.
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- Carol R. Ember; Melvin Ember; Ian A. Skoggard (2004). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Volume I: Overviews and Topics; Volume II: Diaspora Communities. Springer.
- Hong Kong SAR Government (2007). Census and Statistics Department 2006 Population By-census: Section A, Table A105. Hong Kong SAR Government.
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- http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Pakistani-Americans.html - Under "Language"
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- Margaret A. Gibson. Accommodation Without Assimilation.