Punta Cana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Punta Cana
Punta Cana is located in the Dominican Republic
Punta Cana
Punta Cana
Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°32′N 068°22′W / 18.533°N 68.367°W / 18.533; -68.367Coordinates: 18°32′N 068°22′W / 18.533°N 68.367°W / 18.533; -68.367
Country Dominican Republic
Province La Altagracia Province
Municipality Higüey
Incorporated (town) 27 June 2006[1]
Government
 • Mayor of Higüey Karina Aristy (Liberal Reformist Party, 2016–2020)
 • Director of Verón-Punta Cana Ramón Antonio Ramírez (Dominican Liberation’s Party, 2016–2020)
Area[2]
 • Total 475.3 km2 (183.5 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 43,982
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone Atlantic (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 809, 829, and 849

Punta Cana is a resort town within the Punta Cana-Bávaro-Veron-Macao municipal district, in the municipality of Higüey, in La Altagracia Province, the easternmost province of the Dominican Republic. The area has beaches and balnearios which face both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, and it has been a popular tourist destination. The weather is very hot and humid.

Geography and climate[edit]

Sunrise over Punta Cana

The Punta Cana area has an estimated population of 50,000, with an annual growth rate of 6%.[3] To the north, it borders the village and beach of Cabeza de Toro, and the Bávaro and El Cortecito beaches. The nearest city, the 500-year-old Higüey, is 45 kilometres (28 mi) away, which takes about an hour to reach by car. European entrepreneurs, particularly Spanish hotel chains, own all but two of the over 50 megaresorts at the Punta Cana tourism destination.

The province’s 100-kilometre (62 mi) coastline tends to be mildly windy. The ocean waters are mainly shallows, with several natural marine pools in which visitors can bathe without danger. From north to south, the main beaches are Uvero Alto, Macao, Arena Gorda, Bávaro, El Cortecito, Las Corales, and Cabeza de Toro, all north of the cape; and Cabo Engaño, Punta Cana, and Juanillo south of the cape.

Bávaro is the area starting from Cabeza de Toro until Macao Beach. As the hotels started to rise along the East coast, Bavaro itself became a center of services with shopping malls, fast-food stores, drug stores, fine restaurants, banks, clinics, workshops, supermarkets, and schools. The major town in the district is Veron, now bigger than Higüey in territory, a spontaneous – and poor – urban development running along the original road from the west. Verón, last name of the French proprietor of a timberline business in the early 1930s, is now the base-city for hotel workers and related. It has, besides Bávaro, one of only four gas stations in Punta Cana. The next one is located 48 kilometres (30 mi) west in Higüey, at the Fruisa crossroads, with a new Texaco gas station opened April 2010, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of Macao beach, and the new Shell gas station close to the airport (on the highway Coral) opened at the end of 2010.

Climate[edit]

Punta Cana features a tropical wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification. The weather is fairly consistent all year, with an average temperature of 26 °C (79 °F). The hot and humid season lasts from May to October, and during the day temperatures might reach 35 °C (95 °F). From November to March, temperatures during the evening are around 20 °C (68 °F). Very little rain falls around the area, primarily because of the mostly flat landscape, a combination of savanna and mountains.

Climate data for Punta Cana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.2
(88.2)
32.0
(89.6)
33.9
(93)
34.4
(93.9)
34.7
(94.5)
34.5
(94.1)
34.6
(94.3)
33.7
(92.7)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
34.7
(94.5)
Average high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
28.1
(82.6)
28.7
(83.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.3
(86.5)
30.5
(86.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30.9
(87.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.4
(84.9)
28.1
(82.6)
29.3
(84.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.7
(76.5)
25.0
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
26.4
(79.5)
27.2
(81)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.3
(79.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.2
(79.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.5
(72.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
22.3
(72.1)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F) 16.0
(60.8)
14.0
(57.2)
14.8
(58.6)
15.2
(59.4)
16.0
(60.8)
14.9
(58.8)
19.0
(66.2)
17.9
(64.2)
15.0
(59)
15.0
(59)
15.9
(60.6)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 66.4
(2.614)
54.2
(2.134)
54.2
(2.134)
69.2
(2.724)
124.4
(4.898)
103.9
(4.091)
78.3
(3.083)
103.1
(4.059)
101.7
(4.004)
152.1
(5.988)
116.6
(4.591)
78.5
(3.091)
1,102.6
(43.409)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.0 6.8 6.7 6.6 10.1 9.2 9.1 10.0 10.4 11.4 11.5 11.0 112.8
Average relative humidity (%) 82.8 81.4 81.2 82.1 83.0 82.2 82.3 82.6 82.5 83.0 82.2 83.2 82.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 256.9 241.9 278.8 265.0 249.7 255.1 268.3 271.2 245.2 242.7 238.3 233.2 3,046.3
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[4]
Source #2: NOAA[5]

Activities and landmarks[edit]

Punta Cana is a popular tourist destination.[6]

The area is a key contributor to the tourism industry in the Dominican Republic. As a beach destination, many of the popular excursions in Punta Cana are near the water. These activities include snorkeling, windsurfing, banana boat rides, speedboats, scuba diving, catamaran cruises, party boats, deep sea fishing, as well as swimming with dolphins and sharks and stingrays snorkeling. Visitors that prefer to see more of the Dominican country side, there are land based excursions such as safari tours, horse back riding and dune buggy. The land based excursions offer some of the most beautiful views that Punta Cana has to offer.

Visiting the Dominican Republic's smaller Caribbean Island of Saona and Catalina, is a day trip from Punta Cana. The capital city Santo Domingo, and Los Haitises National Park, Samaná, are within a couple of hours. The Basilica Catholic Monument, built in 1962 and designed by two French architects, is in nearby Higüey, the 500-year-old capital of the Province.

Infrastructure[edit]

The electricity is powered by Consorcio Energetico Punta Cana Macao (CEPM), a wind and solar energy producer led by US-based Argentine businessman Rolando Gonzalez-Bunster.[7]

Tourism[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The Punta Cana International Airport is the primary airport. In 2014, Punta Cana received over 2.4 million passengers, making it the second busiest airport in the Caribbean.[8] Grupo Puntacana built the Punta Cana International Airport in 1984 to facilitate tourism in the area. It was the western hemisphere’s first privately owned international airport. [1]

Hotels and resorts[edit]

Punta Cana offers many resorts and hotels to stay at while you are visiting. They offer wonderful amenities making the trip fun and also relaxing. Some of the amenities include fishing, water sports, spas. They also have restaurants for the guests at the resort. Some of the best resorts are located in Playa Bávaro, which it is known for its amazing beaches.

Diving[edit]

Due to its popularity as a tourist destination and its location at the Caribbean Sea, diving is one of the tourist activities. The marine area surrounding Punta Cana was declared a marine reserve in 2012.[9]

Marine biodiversity[edit]

The following species have been registered in the waters around Punta Cana:

Group Common name Scientific name Image Notes
Fish yellowtail snapper Ocyurus chrysurus
Gorgonia ventalina - purple sea fan - Ocyurus chrysurus - yellowtail snapper and Abudefduf saxatilis - sergeant major - Punta Cana - Dominican Republic.jpg
queen triggerfish Balistes vetula
glasseye Heteropriacanthus cruentatis
whitespotted filefish Cantherhines macrocerus
spotted goatfish Pseudupeneus maculatus
yellow goatfish Mulloidichthys martinicus
Bermuda chub Kyphosus sectatrix
great barracuda Sphyraena barracuda
bar jack Caranx ruber
saucereye porgy Calamus calamus
French angelfish Pomacanthus paru
southern stingray Dasyatis americana
yellow stingray Urolobatis jamaicensis
spotted eagle ray Aetobatus narinari
Caribbean reef shark Carcharhinus perezi
goldentail moray Gymnothorax miliaris
spotted moray Gymnothorax moringa
mangrove snapper Lutjanus griseus
mutton snapper Lutjanus analis
porkfish Anisotremus virginicus
black margate Anisotremus surinamensis
blue striped grunt Haemulon sciurus
Caesar grunt Haemulon carbonarium
French grunt Haemulon flavolineatum
Spanish grunt Haemulon macrostomum
tomtate grunt Haemulon aurolineatum
white grunt Haemulon plumierii
black grouper Mycteroperca bonaci
coney Cephalopholis fulva
Nassau grouper Epinephelus striatus
sergeant major Abudefduf saxatilis
Gorgonia ventalina - purple sea fan - Ocyurus chrysurus - yellowtail snapper and Abudefduf saxatilis - sergeant major - Punta Cana - Dominican Republic.jpg
lucky grouper Epinephelus guttatus
yellowfin grouper Mycteroperca venenosa
graysby Cephalopholis cruentata
harlequin bass Serranus tigrinus
princess parrotfish Scarus taeniopterus
queen parrotfish Scarus vetula
rainbow parrotfish Scarus guacamaia
redband parrotfish Sparisoma aurofrenatum
redfin parrotfish Sparisoma rubripinne
redtail parrotfish Sparisoma chrysopterum
stoplight parrotfish Sparisoma viride
Spanish hogfish Bodianus rufus
hogfish Lachnolaimus maximus
bonefish Albula vulpes
long-spine porcupinefish Diodon holocanthus
red lionfish (invasive) Pterois volitans
yellowtail damselfish Microspathodon chrysurus
yellowhead wrasse Halichoeres garnoti
Reptiles green sea turtle Chelonia mydas
hawksbill sea turtle Eretmochelys imbricata
Mollusks Caribbean reef squid Sepioteuthis sepiodea
common octopus Octopus vulgaris
queen conch Lobatus gigas
Crustaceans banded coral shrimp Stenopus hispidus
Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus
spotted spiny lobster Panulirus guttatus
Scyllarides aequinoctialis
Corals purple sea fan Gorgonia ventalina
Gorgonia ventalina - purple sea fan - Ocyurus chrysurus - yellowtail snapper and Abudefduf saxatilis - sergeant major - Punta Cana - Dominican Republic.jpg
sea ginger Millepora alcicornis
blade fire coral Millepora complanata
Millepora squarrosa
Stephanoccenia intercepta
elkhorn coral Acropora palmata
staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis
fused staghorn coral Acropora prolifera
Agaricia agarities
finger coral Porites porites
Montastrea annuligera
Montastrea colemani
Montastrea curta
Montastrea magnistellata
Montastrea multipunctata
Montastrea salebrosa
Montastrea serageldini
pillar coral Dendrogyra cylindrus
Algae Halimeda opuntia
cactus tree alga Caulerpa cupressoides
Coelothrix irregularis
Haploplegma duperryi
Rhodophyta orden
Dictyota cervicornis
Stypopodium zonale
Sea grasses turtlegrass Thalassia testudinum
manatee grass Syringodium filiforme
Echinoderms donkey dung sea cucumber Holothuria mexicana
black sea urchin Diadema antillarum
Mammals West Indian manatee Trichechus manatus
Birds brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
common tern Sterna hirundo
great egret Ardea alba
green heron Butorides virescens
yellow-crowned night heron Nyctanassa violacea
killdeer Charadrius vociferus
western osprey Pandion haliaetus
magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Spanish) Law -2006. Senate of the Dominican Republic.
  2. ^ a b (in Spanish) 9th Census of Population and Housing (2010), General Report Archived 2012-12-02 at the Wayback Machine.. National Bureau of Statistics.
  3. ^ Valdez Architects & Associates. 2008–2009 Zoning Plan assigned by the Hotel Association.
  4. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Punta Cana". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Climate Normals for Cabo Engaño (Punta Cana) 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ Robinson, William I. (2013). "L'Amérique latine face au nouveau capitalisme mondialisé". Mouvements. 4 (76): 14–24. doi:10.3917/mouv.076.0013 – via Cairn.info. (Registration required (help)). 
  7. ^ "Company Overview of Consorcio Energético Punta Cana - Macao, S.A." Bloomberg. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Punta Cana Facts Sheet" (PDF). Punta Cana International Airport. 
  9. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.1
  10. ^ Ocyurus chrysurus
  11. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.10
  12. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.11
  13. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.12
  14. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.13
  15. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.14
  16. ^ Domínguez Brito, 2017, p.15

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]