Pupa (gastropod)

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Pupa
Pupa tessellata 002.jpg
Apertural view of a shell of Pupa tessellata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia
informal group Lower Heterobranchia
Superfamily: Acteonoidea
Family: Acteonidae
Genus: Pupa
Bolten, 1798 [1]
Type species
Pupa grisebla Röding, 1798
Synonyms[1]
  • Buccinulus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
  • Dactylus Schumacher, 1817
  • Solidula Fischer von Waldheim, 1807
  • Strigopupa Habe, 1958

Pupa is a genus of small sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the family Acteonidae.[1]

The genus is named Pupa because the shell of these snails resemble an insect pupa in overall shape. The animal has a large headshield with a deep median slit, separating it into two posteriorly projecting lobes.

Species[edit]

A shell of Pupa affinis

According to the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS), the following species are included within the genus Pupa:[2]

  • Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1854)
    • Distribution : South Africa, Red Sea, Indo-Pacific
    • Length : 11–20 mm
    • Description : cream-colored shell with horizontal spiraled patterns (dark brown, light brown or greenish) without dark borders; sharp apex
  • Pupa alveola (Souverbie, 1863)
  • Pupa coccinata L. A. Reeve, 1842 (considered by some to be a color form of Pupa strigosa)
    • Distribution : Japan, tropical Indo-West Pacific
    • Length : 25 mm
    • Description : headshield flaps cover the opening of the mantle cavity; white-colored with many orange-red spots in spiraling bands
  • Pupa davisi Kilburn, 1975
    • Distribution: South Africa
    • Length : 12.5 mm
    • Description : cream-colored shell with sharp apex.
  • Pupa niecaensis Barnard, 1963
  • Pupa nitulida (Lamarck, 1816) Smooth pink pupa
  • Pupa pascuana Raines, 2002
  • Pupa pudica (A. Adams, 1854)
  • Pupa reticulata (Martin, 1884)
  • Pupa sekii Habe, 1958
  • Pupa sinica Lin, 1989
  • Pupa solidula Linnaeus, 1758 Solid pupa
  • Pupa strigosa (Gould, 1859)
  • Pupa sulcata (Gmelin, 1791) Furrowed pupa
    • Distribution : cosmopolitan, tropical Indo-Pacific, Kermadec Islands, Japan
    • Length : 10–25 mm
    • Description : intertidal and up to depths of 30 m, burrowing in the sand; lightbrown shell with horizontal darker bands, where the darkest parts form a vertical band; sharp apex
  • Pupa suturalis (A. Adams, 1854)
  • Pupa tessellata (Reeve, 1842)
  • Pupa tragulata Iredale, 1936
Species brought into synonymy
  • Pupa choshiensis (Habe, 1958): synonym of Rictaxiella choshiensis Habe, 1958
  • Pupa detrita L. Pfeiffer, 1854: synonym of Cerion incanum (Leidy, 1851)
  • Pupa flammea (Gmelin, 1791): synonym of Maxacteon flammeus (Bruguière, 1789)
  • Pupa grisebla Röding, 1798: synonym of Pupa solidula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pupa incana Leidy, 1851>: synonym of Cerion incanum (Leidy, 1851)
  • Pupa kirki (Hutton, 1873): synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa nivea (Angas, 1871) synonym of Pupa affinis (A. Adams, 1855)
  • Pupa novoseelandica L. Pfeiffer, 1853: synonym of Phenacharopa novoseelandica (L. Pfeiffer, 1853)
  • Pupa roseomaculata Iredale, 1936: synonym of Pupa solidula (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Pupa umbilicata Draparnaud, 1801: synonym of Lauria cylindracea (da Costa, 1778)

The database Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database (OBIS) also includes the following names in current use :[3]


Pupa fumata
  • Pupa fumata Gould, 1859 Brown Pupa
    • Distribution : tropical, Western Australia, Indo-Pacific
    • Length : 20 mm
    • Description : shell with spiral ribs; patterns of brown or gray spots on a cream-colored background; whorls separated by a white narrow band.
  • Pupa niecaensis K. H. Barnard, 1963
    • Distribution : South Africa
  • Pupa pudica Adams, 1854
    • Distribution : Hawaii
    • Length : 7 mm
    • Description : pink-colored elongate shell, with spiral bands of lightbrown patterns.
  • Pupa suturalis A. Adams, 1855
    • Distribution : Indo-Pacific

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2012). Pupa Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204293 on 2012-06-04
  2. ^ WoRMS : Pupa; accessed : 12 October 2010
  3. ^ OBIS : Pupa
  • Röding, P.F. 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Hamburg : Trappii 199 pp.
  • Higo, S., Callomon, P. & Goto, Y. (1999) Catalogue and Bibliography of the Marine Shell-Bearing Mollusca of Japan. Elle Scientific Publications, Yao, Japan, 749 pp.

External links[edit]

  • Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  • Photo
  • Nomenclator Zoologicus info