Pupa Gilbert

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Pupa Gilbert
PupaGilbert (2).jpg
Born (1964-09-29) September 29, 1964 (age 53)
Alma mater Sapienza University of Rome
Known for biomineralization, synchrotron spectromicroscopy
Awards 2001 Knighthood of Italy, 2010 Fellow, American Physical Society,1997 "TOYP" Award (The Outstanding Young Persons of the world),2012 International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge (2015)
Scientific career
Fields Biophysics
Institutions University of Wisconsin–Madison

Pupa Gilbert is an American Biophysicist and Geobiologist. She has been pioneering synchrotron spectromicroscopy methods since 1989,[1][2][3] and she continues to use and develop them today. Since 2004 she has focused on biomineralization in sea urchins,[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] mollusk shells,[11][12][13][14][15][16][17] and tunicates.[18] She and her group are frequent users of the Berkeley-Advanced Light Source.

Biography[edit]

She was born and raised in Rome, Italy; her previous name was Gelsomina De Stasio. She was a staff scientist at the Italian National Research Council (Istituto di Struttura della Materia) and at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne. In 1999 she moved to the University of Wisconsin at Madison as a full professor in the Department of Physics. She has honorary appointments in the departments of Chemistry and Materials Science.

She is a Knight of her native Italy (2001), a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS-DCMP, 2010),[19] and a Radcliffe Fellow (2014-2015).[20] She was chair of the APS Division of Biological Physics (DBIO, 2010-2014), won many national and international awards including: Romnes 2002, Vilas 2006, Hamel 2008, and Chancellor Distinguished Teaching Award 2011[21] at UW-Madison; The Outstanding Young Persons of the World (TOYP-JCI, 1997), the American Competitiveness and Innovation Award (ACI-NSF, 2008); the Best University Research Award (DOE-BES-Geosciences, 2011), the Science-NSF Visualizations Challenge] (2012).[22][23]

She teaches Physics in the Arts, for which she wrote a textbook,[24] co-authored by Willy Haeberli and published by Academic Press-Elsevier (2008, 2011) and translated into Chinese (2011).

Awards[edit]

  • Radcliffe Fellowship 2014-2015, Harvard University.
  • Winner of the 2012 International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge.
  • Chancellor's Distinguished Teaching Award, UW-Madison (6 awards/year, selected among ~2000 professors at UW), January 2011, Award ceremony April 27th, 2011.
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society, Division of Condensed Matter Physics (DCMP), November 2010.
  • Elected Chair of the Division of Biological Physics, American Physical Society (APS-DBIO), 2010-2014.
  • American Competitiveness and Innovation (ACI) fellowship 2008-2010, nominated (without Gilbert knowing about it) by the NSF program officer David Brant, and awarded by the NSF-Division of Materials Research.
  • George and Pamela Hamel Faculty Fellow, UW-Madison, 2008-2012.
  • Vilas Associate Award, UW-Madison, 2006-2007.
  • H. I. Romnes Award, UW-Madison, 2002.
  • Cavaliere della Repubblica (Knight of the Italian Republic), appointed by President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, 2000.
  • Gert Rempfer "New Millennium Guiding Light Award" 2000.
  • "TOYP" Award (The Outstanding Young Persons of the world) of the Junior Chamber International, Award for Scientific and Technological Development, selected among the winning candidates of 116 countries worldwide, 1997.
  • "TOYP Italia" (The Outstanding Young Persons of the world) of the Junior Chamber Italiana, Award for Scientific Development, 1997.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilbert, PUPA; Young, A; Coppersmith, SN (July 12, 2011). "Measurements of C-axis angular orientation in calcite(CaCO3)nanocrystals using x-ray absorption spectroscopy". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 108 (28): 11350–11355. Bibcode:2011PNAS..10811350G. doi:10.1073/pnas.1107917108. PMC 3136314Freely accessible. 
  2. ^ Gilbert, PUPA (2012). "Polarization-dependent Imaging Contrast (PIC) mapping reveals nanocrystal orientation patterns in carbonate biominerals". J El Spectr Rel Phenom. 185 (10): 395–405. doi:10.1016/j.elspec.2012.06.001. 
  3. ^ Gilbert, PUPA (2014). "Biomineralization Sourcebook". CRC netBase. CRC Press: 135. doi:10.1201/b16621-12. ISBN 978-1-4665-1835-3.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Politi, Y; Mezler, RA; Abrecht, M; Gilbert, B; Wilt, FH; Sagi, I; Addadi, L; Weiner, S; Gilbert, PUPA (2008). "Transformation mechanism of amorphous calcium carbonate into calcite in the sea urchin larval spicule". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 105 (45): 17362–17366. Bibcode:2008PNAS..10517362P. doi:10.1073/pnas.0806604105. PMC 2582271Freely accessible. 
  5. ^ Killian, CE; Metzler, RA; Gong, YT; Olson, IC; Aizenberg, J; Politi, Y; Wilt, FH; Scholl, A; Young, A; Doran, A; Kunz, M; Tamura, N; Coppersmith, SN; Gilbert, PUPA (2009). "The mechanism of calcite co-orientation in the sea urchin tooth". J Am Chem Soc Soc. 131 (51): 18404–18409. doi:10.1021/ja907063z. 
  6. ^ MA, YR; Aichmayer, B; Paris, O; Fratzl, P; Meibom, A; Metzler, RA; Politi, Y; Addadi, L; Gilbert, PUPA; Weiner, S (2010). "The grinding tip of the sea urchin tooth exhibits exquisite control over calcite crystal orientation and Mg distribution". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 106 (15): 6048–6053. Bibcode:2009PNAS..106.6048M. doi:10.1073/pnas.0810300106. PMC 2662956Freely accessible. PMID 19332795. 
  7. ^ Radha, AV; Forbes, TZ; Killian, CE; Gilbert, PUPA; Navrotsky, A (2010). "Transformation and crystallization energetics of synthetic and biogenic amorphous calcium carbonate". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 107 (38): 16438–16443. Bibcode:2010PNAS..10716438R. doi:10.1073/pnas.1009959107. PMC 2944757Freely accessible. 
  8. ^ Killian, CE; Metzler, RA; Gong, YUT; Churchill, TH; Olson, IC; Trubetskov, V; Christensen, MB; Fournelle, JH; De Carlo, F; Cohen, S; Mahamid, J; Wilt, FH; Scholl, A; Young, A; Doran, A; Coppersmith, SN; Gilbert, PUPA (2011). "Self-sharpening mechanism of the sea urchin tooth". Adv Funct Mater. 21 (4): 682–690. doi:10.1002/adfm.201001546. 
  9. ^ Yang, L; Killian, CE; Kunz, M; Tamura, N; Gilbert, PUPA (2011). "Biomineral nanoparticles are space-filling". RSC-Nanoscale. 3 (2): 603–609. Bibcode:2011Nanos...3..603Y. doi:10.1039/c0nr00697a. 
  10. ^ Gong, YUT; Killian, CE; Olson, IC; Appathurai, NP; Amasino, AL; Martin, MC; Holt, LJ; Wilt, FH; Gilbert, PUPA (2011). "Phase transitions in biogenic amorphous calcium carbonate". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 109 (16): 6088–6093. Bibcode:2012PNAS..109.6088G. doi:10.1073/pnas.1118085109. 
  11. ^ Metzler, RA; Abrecht, M; Olabisi, RM; Ariosa, D; Johnson, CJ; Frazer, BH; Coppersmith, SN; Gilbert, PUPA (June 2007). "Architecture of columnar nacre, and implications for its formation mechanism". Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (26): 268102. Bibcode:2007PhRvL..98z8102M. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.268102. PMID 17678131. 
  12. ^ Gilbert, PUPA; Metzler, RA; Zhou, D; Scholl, A; Doran, A; Young, A; Kunz, M; Tamura, N; Coppersmith, SN (2008). "Gradual Ordering in Red Abalone Nacre". J Am Chem Soc. 130 (51): 17519–17527. doi:10.1021/ja8065495. 
  13. ^ Metzler, RA; Zhou, D; Abrecht, M; Chiou, J-W; Guo, J; Ariosa, D; Coppersmith, SN; Gilbert, PUPA (2008). "Polarization-dependent imaging contrast in abalone shells". Phys Rev B. 77 (6): 064110. Bibcode:2008PhRvB..77f4110M. doi:10.1103/physrevb.77.064110. 
  14. ^ Metzler, RA; Evans, JS; Killian, CE; Zhou, D; Churchill, TH; Appathurai, NP; Coppersmith, SN; Gilbert, PUPA (2010). "Nacre protein fragment templates lamellar aragonite growth". J Am Chem Soc. 132 (18): 6329–6334. doi:10.1021/ja909735y. 
  15. ^ Olson, IC; Kozdon, R; Valley, JW; Gilbert, PUPA (2012). "Mollusk shell nacre ultrastructure correlates with environmental temperature and pressure". J Am Chem Soc. 134 (17): 7351–7358. doi:10.1021/ja210808s. PMID 22313180. 
  16. ^ Olson, IC; Metzler, RA; Tamura, N; Kunz, M; Killian, CE; Gilbert, PUPA (2013). "Crystal lattice tilting in prismatic calcite". J Struct Biol. 183 (2): 180–190. doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2013.06.006. 
  17. ^ Olson, IC; Blonsky, AZ; Tamura, N; Kunz, M; Gilbert, PUPA (2013). "Crystal nucleation and near-epitaxial growth in nacre". J Struct Biol. 184 (3): 454–463. doi:10.1016/j.jsb.2013.10.002. 
  18. ^ Kabalah-Amitai, L; Mayzel, B; Kauffmann, Y; Fitch, AN; Bloch, L; Gilbert, PUPA; Pokroy, B (2013). "Vaterite crystals contain two interspersed crystal structures". Science. 340 (6131): 454–457. Bibcode:2013Sci...340..454K. doi:10.1126/science.1232139. PMID 23620047. 
  19. ^ http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/fellowships/
  20. ^ https://www.radcliffe.harvard.edu/fellowship-program/fellows?year%5B0%5D=2014
  21. ^ https://www.secfac.wisc.edu/committees/teachingawards/PastRecipients.asp
  22. ^ https://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/scivis/winners_2012.jsp
  23. ^ Gilbert, PUPA; Killian, CE (2013). "Biomineral Single Crystals". Science. no.339: 510. 
  24. ^ Gilbert, PUPA; Haeberli, W (2011). Physics in the Arts. Academic Press-Elsevier. ISBN 9780123918789.