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Temporal range: Paleocene–Recent[1]
Pupilla muscorum 2.png
A right side view of a live Pupilla muscorum
Pupilla muscorum.jpg
Six shells of Pupilla muscorum. The scale bar is in mm.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Orthurethra

Superfamily: Pupilloidea
Family: Pupillidae
Turton, 1831[2]
  • Pupinae Flemming, 1828 (inv.)
  • Pupoididae Iredale, 1939

Pupillidae is a family of mostly minute, air-breathing, land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the superfamily Pupilloidea.

This family has no subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[3]


Pupoides marginatus is endemic to Cuba.[4] The type genus, Pupilla, in direct contrast, has numerous living and extinct species found in Europe, Northern Africa, and North America.


In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[5]


Genera within the family Pupillidae include:


  1. ^ "Family summary for Pupillidae". AnimalBase, accessed 5 April 2011.
  2. ^ Turton W. (1831). A manual of the land and freshwater shells of the British Islands. 152 pp., 9, plates. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Greene, London.8: 97. (original spelling: Pupilladae.)
  3. ^ a b c d Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  4. ^ a b c "Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.
  5. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  6. ^ Sterkia clementina. NatureServe Explorer, accessed 1 August 2010.

External links[edit]

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