Purba Medinipur district
|Purba Medinipur district
পূর্ব মেদিনীপুর জেলা
|District of West Bengal|
Location of Purba Medinipur district in West Bengal
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Kanthi (Contai), Tamluk, Ghatal (partly), Medinipur (partly)|
|• Assembly seats||Tamluk, Panskura Purba, Panskura Paschim, Moyna, Nandakumar, Mahisadal, Haldia, Nandigram, Chandipur, Patashpur, Kanthi Uttar, Bhagabanpur, Khejuri, Kanthi Dakshin, Ramnagar, Egra|
|• Total||4,736 km2 (1,829 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||87.66 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||936|
|Major highways||NH 6, NH 41|
Purba Medinipur district (pron: purbɔ med̪iːniːpur) (Bengali: পূর্ব মেদিনীপুর জেলা) or East Midnapore district (pron: ˌmɪd̪naˈpur) is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the southernmost district of Burdwan division – one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal. The headquarters in Tamluk. It was formed on 1 January 2002 after the Partition of Midnapore into Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur which lies at the northern and western border of it. The state of Odisha is at the southwest border; the Bay of Bengal lies in the south; the Hooghly river and South 24 Parganas district to the east; and Howrah district to the north-east.
Purba Medinipur is formed of the sub-divisions of Tamluk, Contai and Haldia of erstwhile Midnapore district. Another sub-division, Egra has been created out of the erstwhile Contai sub-division during the partition of Midnapore. In 2011, the state government has proposed to rename the district as Tamralipta district after the ancient port city of Tamralipta which used to lie near the modern district headquarters.
Purba Medinipur saw many political movements during the British Raj. A parallel government named the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar was formed during the Quit India Movement in Tamluk. In 2007, Purba Medinipur witnessed the Nandigram violence, an incident of police firing that killed 14 farmers.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Economy
- 3 Divisions
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Literacy and education
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Media & communications
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Major cities and towns
Major cities and towns include Panskura, Tamluk, Nandakumar, Contai, Egra, Haldia, Mecheda, Mahisadal, Kajlagarh, Digha, Mandarmani, Khejuri, Ramnagar, Patashpur, Bhagabanpur, Manglamarro, Chandipur, Kolaghat, Deshopran, Paniparul, Deulihat, Heria, Nandigram.Mugberia
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Purba Medinipur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 11 districts in West Bengal receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district comprises four subdivisions: Tamluk, Haldia, Egra and Contai.
Tamluk subdivision consists of Tamluk municipality, Panskura municipality and seven community development blocks: Nandakumar, Mayna, Tamluk, Shahid Matangini, Panskura–I, Panskura–II and Chandipur (Nadigram–III). Haldia subdivision consists of Haldia municipality and five community development blocks: Mahisadal, Nandigram–I, Nandigram–II, Sutahata and Haldia. Egra subdivision consists of Egra municipality and six community development blocks: Bhagawanpur–I, Bhagawanpur–II, Egra–I, Egra–II, Pataspur–I and Pataspur–II. Contai subdivision consists of Contai municipality and seven community development blocks: Kanthi–I, Kanthi–II, Kanthi–III, Khejuri–I, Khejuri–II, Ramnagar–I and Ramnagar–II.
Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 10 urban units: five municipalities and five census towns. Panskura municipality was established in 2001.
- Two municipalities: Tamluk and Panskura.
- Nandakumar community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.
- Moyna community development block consists of rural areas with 11 gram panchayats and one census town: Goasafat.
- Tamluk community development block consists of rural areas with 12 gram panchayats and one census town: Dakshin Baguan.
- Shahid Matangini community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats and one census town: Kakdihi.
- Panskura–I community development block consists of rural areas with 14 gram panchayats and one census town: Bahirgram.
- Panskura II (community development block) consists of rural areas with 13 gram panchayats and one census town: Kolaghat.
- Chandipur (Nadigram–III) community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.
- barkshimpur one of the most historical place
- One municipality: Haldia.
- Mahisadal community development block consists of rural areas with 11 gram panchayats.
- Nandigram–I community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats.
- Nandigram–II community development block consists of rural areas with 7 gram panchayats.
- Sutahata community development block consists of rural areas with 6 gram panchayats.
- Haldia community development block consists of rural areas with 4 gram panchayats.
- One municipality: Egra.
- Bhagabanpur–I community development block consists of rural areaswith 10 gram panchayats.
- Egra–I community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Egra–II community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Pataspur–I community development block consists of rural areas with 9 gram panchayats.
- Pataspur–II community development block consists of rural areas with 7 gram panchayats.
- One municipality: Contai.
- Kanthi–I community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Kanthi–II community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Kanthi–III community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Khejuri–I community development block consists of rural areas with 6 gram panchayats.
- Khejuri–II community development block consists of rural areas with 5 gram panchayats.
- Ramnagar–I community development block consists of rural areas with 9 gram panchayats.
- Ramnagar–II community development block consists of rural areas with 8 gram panchayats.
- Bhagabanpur–II community development block consists of rural areas with 9 gram panchayats.
According to the 2011 census Purba Medinipur district has a population of 5,094,238, roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates or the US state of Colorado. This gives it a ranking of 20th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,076 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,790/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.32%.
Literacy and education
According to the 2011 census, the district has a literacy rate of 87.66 up from 80.20% of 2001 census. As per 2001 census, this district had a male literacy rate of 89.1% and female literacy rate was 70.7%. The education index of this district is 0.74 and it is ranked first in literacy in comparison to other districts of West Bengal.
The College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat was established in 1998.
Bajkul Youth Computer Training Centre in collaboration with the Department of Youth Services, Govt. of West Bengal and Monoma Infotech, Vill-Tethiari.
Palpara Youth Computer Training Centre in collaboration with Department of Youth Services, Govt. of West Bengal and Monoma Infotech, Vill-Palpara.
The coastal region of Purba Medinipur district is in the face of rivers Hoogly and Subarnarekha. With good coastal, landform, seasonal, rural and heritage diversity, it offers potential for tourism in its typical coastlines and rural areas. The famous tourist spots are
Tamluk, district headquarters of Purba Medinipur district is situated on the bank of river Rupnarayan and the bank of which is a very popular picnic spot. The other places are
- Temple of Devi Barghobhima is a 1150 years of Kali temple and is considered as one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. According to Puran, the gorali of left feet of Sati/Parvati fell here when Lord Vishnu cut the sacred body of Goddess Sati into several pieces to make Lord Shiva quiet.
- Archeological Museum of tamluk is a must-see place. It contains artifacts of tamra (copper) and has preserved a tamralipta of Greek inscriptions. It preserves the historical heritage of Bengal.
- Rakhit Bati is another important place to visit in Tamluk. In the beginning of 19th century it was famous as a secrete center of the then revolutionary party Anusilan Samiti and Gupta Samiti.
- There are many other ancient temples in Tamluk town to visit, i.e., Jagannath Temple, Hari Temple, Mahaprabhu Temple, Ram Jiu Temple, Rajbari Temple etc. You can enjoy sylvan beauty and soothing breeze at Rupnarayan river side.
It's a municipality zone updated on 2002 and one of the busiest town in East Midnapore district, West Bengal. Panskura is known as "Place of Flowers" because for many farmers it is an urban place from where flowers are transported across the country and to foreign places like Europe, USA, Dubai, Malaysia, and Singapore. Panskura is known for its green vegetables wholesale market near the railway station, every day after 10pm to next morning 7am with a regular gathering of lakhs of people. Panskura is one of the busiest railway station which extends up to Digha or Haldia directly through this station or by bus. The river Kansabati is a good picnic spot and Mahakali (Bhavatarini)temple near by old Panskura bazar is a pilgrimage spot.
Mahishadal is only 16 km from Tamluk town where you can visit the Mahishadal Rajbari and the museum there, do boating in the attached park. Geonkhali is a place 8 km from Mahishadal, a perfect picnic spot at the junction (Mohona) of three rivers.
Digha is a seaside resort town of East Midnapore district and, at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal, is the most popular seaside resort of West Bengal. Renowned for its beaches, Digha is visited by thousands of tourists every year.
Mandarmani is a small virgin beach on Bay of Bengal under Kalindi Gram Panchayat, only a 14 km from Digha-Contai Road from Chaulkhola Bus Stop. It is a small fishing harbour and a fast developing tourist resort.
Haldia, a city and a municipality in Purba Medinipur, is a major seaport approximately 50 km southwest of Kolkata near the mouth of the Hooghly River, one of the tributaries of the Ganges. It is being developed as a major trade port for Kolkata, intended mainly for bulk cargoes.
Media & communications
- Print media: Times of India, Hindustan Times, Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman etc.
- Electric media: Star Jalsha, Zee Bangla, MTV, Star Gold, News Time etc.
- Telecommunications: BSNL, Airtel, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo etc.
- Jana, Naresh (2001-12-31). "Tamluk readies for giant's partition". The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- "Sushil Dhara:Dreams of '42 Service in '90's". janasamachar.net. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
- "Red-hand Buddha: 14 killed in Nandigram re-entry bid". The Telegraph. 15 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- "Administration Setup". Official website of Purba Medinipur district. Retrieved 2008-12-06. Archived 25 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Municipalities: Panskura Municipality". Department of Urban Development, West Bengal. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
United Arab Emirates 5,148,664
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Official website of the Purba Medinipur District". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "District Census 2011". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Purba Medinipur district.|
- Official website
- Legacy of Midnapore (Medinipur, Midnapur, Purba Medinipur, Paschim Medinipur, East Midnapore, West Midnapore)
- News of district bifurcation
- Map of old Medinipur district (district has now been split)
|West Midnapore district||South 24 Parganas district|
|Balasore district, Odisha||Bay of Bengal|