Purbalingga Regency is a regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) in the southwestern part of Central Java province in Indonesia. Purbalingga Regency has an area of 677.55 km² and population of 848,952 at the 2010 Census; the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 859,364. The administrative capital is the town of Purbalingga.
The term Purbalinga comes from the Sanskrit root words of Hindu origin, purba (east) and linga (an abstract representation of Hindu deity Lord Shiva), thus meaning the Lord Shiva of East. This reflects the historic origin of the place that the Srivijaya-era or earlier founders of the place had built a Hindu temple of the Lord Shiva here in whose honor the place was named by the founder ruling dynasty.
Sudirman, General of the Army and the first commander-in-chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces - one of the most prominent national heroes of Indonesia - was born in Bodas Karangjati village, in the district of Rembang, Purbalingga Regency, on 24 January 1916.
Indro (Warkop), (born 1958), Indonesian comedian and a member of the Indonesian legendary comedy group Warkop.