Purbasthali I

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Purbasthali I
পূ্র্বস্থলি I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Purbasthali I is located in West Bengal
Purbasthali I
Purbasthali I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°22′25″N 88°15′19″E / 23.37361°N 88.25528°E / 23.37361; 88.25528
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Purbasthali Dakshin, Purbasthali Uttar
Area
 • Total 57.31 sq mi (148.44 km2)
Elevation 70 ft (20 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 206,977
 • Density 3,600/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713515 (Nadanghat)
Telephone/STD code 03454
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 77.59 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Purbasthali I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Kalna subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Nadanghat, a constituent panchayat of Purbasthali I block, is located at 23°22′25″N 88°15′19″E / 23.3737°N 88.2552°E / 23.3737; 88.2552.

Purbasthali I CD Block is part of the Bhagirathi basin. The Bhagirathi forms the eastern boundary of the CD Block. The region has many swamps and water-logged areas. The soil is fertile, as it consists mainly of silt deposits.[1]

Purbasthali I CD Block is bounded by Purbasthali II CD Block on the north, Nabadwip CD Block, in Nadia district across the Bhagirathi, on the east, Kalna I CD Block on the south and Manteswar CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 52 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Purbasthali I CD Block has an area of 148.44 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 154 gram sansads (village councils), 97 mouzas and 91 inhabited villages. Nadanghat and Purbasthali police stations serve this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Srirampur.[5]

Gram panchayats of Purbasthali I block/panchayat samiti are: Bogpur, Dogachia, Jahannagar, Nadanghat, Nasratpur, Samudragarh and Srirampur.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Purbasthali I CD Block had a total population of 206,977, of which 153,703 were rural and 53,274 were urban. There were 107,022 (52%) males and 99,955 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,828. Scheduled Castes numbered 52,705 (25.46%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,608 (3.68%).[7]

As per the 2001 census, Purbasthali I block had a total population of 183,041, out of which 94,377 were males and 88,664 were females. Purbasthali I block registered a population growth of 20.45 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 48,544 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 6,901.[10]

Census Towns in Purbasthali I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Srirampur (19,830), Hatsimla (7,141), Jaluidanga (4,571), Gopinathpur (4,688) and Nasratpur (17,044).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Purbasthali I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Dogachhia (5,910), Champahati (6,694), Kobla (4,117) and Samudragarh (13,089).[7]

Other villages in Purbasthali I CD Block included (2011 census figures in brackets): Bagpur (1,696), Jahan Nagar (3,106) and Nadanghat (3,799).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Purbasthali I CD Block was 143,651 (77.59% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 79,634 (83.05% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 64,017 (71.72% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 11.33%.[7]

As per 2001 census, Purbasthali I block had a total literacy of 69.54 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.73 per cent female literacy was 60.75 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Purbasthali I CD Block
Hindu
  
74.70%
Muslim
  
24.95%
Christian
  
0.20%
Others
  
0.14%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 154,616 and formed 74.70% of the population in Purbasthali I CD Block. Muslims numbered 51,647 and formed 24.95% of the population. Christians numbered 418 and formed 0.20% of the population. Others numbered 296 and formed 0.14% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from hosehold survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Purbasthali I CD Block was 48.16%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Purbasthali I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 11.51%, agricultural labourers 28.43%, household industry workers 23.23% and other workers 36.84%.[16]

Purbasthali I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 97 or 100% of mouzas in Purbasthali I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 97 mouzas in Purbasthali I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 82 fertiliser depots, 15 seed store and 47 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Purbasthali I CD Block

  Bargadars (6.81%)
  Patta holders (14.96%)
  Small farmers (5.03%)
  Marginal farmers (19.93%)
  Agricultural labourers (53.28%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Purbasthali I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.81%, patta (document) holders 14.96%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.03%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.93% and agricultural labourers 53.28%.[16]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Purbasthali I CD Block was 12,340 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 9,005 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Purbasthali I CD Block produced 26,588 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 8,741 hectares, 25.073 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,159 hectares, 669 tonnes of wheat from 60 hectares, 35,103 tonnes of jute from 1,572 hectares and 1,649 tonnes of potatoes from 247 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Purbasthali I CD Block was 5,214.51 hectares, out of which 2,759.62 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 2,454.89 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Purbasthali I CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

Purbasthali I CD Block has 5 ferry services and 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

The Bandel-Katwa branch line passes through this CD Block.[20]

State Highway 6 (West Bengal) running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) and State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldi (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) crosses in this block.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Purbasthali I CD Block had 115 primary schools with 10,596 students, 11 middle schools with 1,040 students, 11 high school with 8,132 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 13,024 students. Purbasthali CD Block had 1 tehnical/ professional instituion with 100 and 330 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,342 students[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Purbasthali I CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 44 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 23 family welfare subcentres. 2,024 patients were treated indoor and 191,414 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Purbasthali I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by high levels of arsenic contamination of ground water.[22]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Purbasthali I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Mesurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "37913 Howrah-Katwa local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.