North Salem, New York

Coordinates: 41°19′41″N 73°36′47″W / 41.32806°N 73.61306°W / 41.32806; -73.61306
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North Salem, New York
Town of North Salem
Downtown Croton Falls, a hamlet within the town
Downtown Croton Falls, a hamlet within the town
Official seal of North Salem, New York
Location of North Salem, New York
Location of North Salem, New York
Coordinates: 41°19′41″N 73°36′47″W / 41.32806°N 73.61306°W / 41.32806; -73.61306
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyWestchester
Incorporated1788
Government
 • Town SupervisorWarren Lucas (R[1])
Area
 • Total22.939 sq mi (59.41 km2)
 • Land21.369 sq mi (55.35 km2)
 • Water1.57 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Elevation
338 ft (103 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total5,243
 • Estimate 
(2021)[3]
5,195
 • Density245.4/sq mi (94.72/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
10560
Area code914
FIPS code36-53517
GNIS feature ID0979292
Websitewww.northsalemny.org

North Salem is a town in the northeastern section of Westchester County, New York, United States. The town, incorporated in 1788, is a suburb of New York City, located approximately 50 miles north of Midtown Manhattan. As of the 2020 census, North Salem was recorded as possessing a population of 5,243 people living on a land area of 21.37 square miles.[4]

The town is part of New York's Eighteenth Congressional District,[5] represented by Mike Lawler, a Republican. First elected in 2009, Warren Lucas, a Republican, serves as North Salem's Town Supervisor.[6]

History[edit]

Prior to the end of the Colonial Era, what would become North Salem and its neighboring town of South Salem were a single municipality, Salem. After the breakout of the American Revolutionary War in 1776, town residents sided with the revolutionary cause.[7]

On Sept. 22, 1780, amidst the war, John Paulding and Isaac Van Wart left from what was later known as the Yerkes Tavern, joined by David Williams. Their expedition resulted in the capture of the British spy Major John André. The foundation of Yerkes (Yerks) Tavern is all that is left of the historic building, once at the intersection of Yerkes Road and Bogtown Road. An historic plaque posted on the site reads:

On this site stood one of North Salem's early taverns. Its proprietor was John Yerkes, who received a license from the town "to operate a tavern or inn for the accommodation and entertainment of travelers" in 1815. Early records indicate that this property was owned by the Smith family prior to this date.[8]

In late May 1784, soon after the end of the American Revolution, Salem split into two towns. What would become known as North Salem was known as Upper Salem for about four years after the split, until an act of the New York State Legislature in 1788 gave the town its modern name.[7]

The 1800 United States Census recorded several hundred enslaved individuals being held in North Salem.[9] New York began operating under a policy of gradual abolition in 1799, with full abolition in 1827;[10] the practice of slavery in North Salem can therefore be estimated to have come to an end sometime between the years 1800 and 1827.

The Great Blizzard of 1888, which impacted communities across the northeastern United States, seriously disrupted agricultural production in North Salem and prevented train movement. It took over a week after the storm to restore roads and trains to operational order.[11]

North Salem's Union Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[12]

Geography[edit]

Putnam County, New York borders North Salem to the north, while the State of Connecticut abuts it to the east. The town itself has a total area of 22.939 square miles (59.41 km2), of which 21.37 square miles (55.3 km2) is land and 1.57 square miles (4.1 km2) is water.[13] Climatically, the town is in plant hardiness zone 6b on the U.S.D.A. scale, meaning that in extreme circumstances, winter temperature lows could reach −5 °F (−21 °C).[14][15]

A geographic curiosity of North Salem is the so-called Standing Rock, a granite boulder sitting on several smaller stones. Since the boulder is not consistent with the geographic surroundings, it has been hypothesized that the rock was deposited by glaciers during the Last Ice Age,[7] although others argue that it may have been moved and placed by Vikings or Native Americans.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
17901,058
18201,480
18301,276−13.8%
18401,161−9.0%
18501,33515.0%
18601,49712.1%
18701,75417.2%
18801,693−3.5%
18901,7302.2%
19001,133−34.5%
19101,25811.0%
1920934−25.8%
19301,12820.8%
19401,1945.9%
19501,62235.8%
19602,34544.6%
19703,82863.2%
19804,56919.4%
19904,7253.4%
20005,1739.5%
20105,104−1.3%
20205,2432.7%
2021 (est.)5,195[3]−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]

In 2011, the average income for a household in the town was $157,258, with an average net worth of $1,300,058. The median house value in 2009 was $772,817. The per capita income for the town was $59,403. About 1.5% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 5,173 people, 1,764 households, and 1,374 families residing in the town. The population density was 241.5 inhabitants per square mile (93.2/km2). There were 1,979 housing units at an average density of 92.4 per square mile (35.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.44% White, 0.75% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 1.12% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.65% of the population.

There were 1,764 households, out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.17. In the town, the population was spread out, with 26.2% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

Hamlets[edit]

  • Croton Falls, New York – a hamlet in the northwest corner of the town with its own Metro-North station
  • Grants Corner – a hamlet southeast of North Salem
  • North Salem – a hamlet in the western part of the town. The North Salem Town Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[12]
  • Salem Center – a hamlet at the eastern end of Titicus Reservoir. The fictitious headquarters of the X-Men Marvel Comics superhero team is located in Salem Center.[19]
  • Purdys – a hamlet south of Croton Falls with its own Purdy's station. The Joseph Purdy Homestead was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.[12]
  • Peach Lake- a hamlet and CDP in the northeastern part of town, situated mostly in the town of Southeast, Putnam County.
A picture of the Croton River on a sunny summer day with a few clouds in the sky.
Croton River, near the hamlet of Purdys

Education[edit]

North Salem Middle School/High School is located on June Road in North Salem.[20] In 2004, the high school was distinguished as a Blue Ribbon School for high levels of educational achievement by the United States Department of Education.[21]

Pequenakonck Elementary School, located 0.3 miles (0.5 km) away from the middle school/high school, serves grades K-5. The middle school, which shares the same building as the high school, serves grades 6–8. This school is particularly small, with about 90 children on average per grade, making the student to faculty ratio relatively small.

Town government[edit]

North Salem's town government consists of a town supervisor and four town board members. The supervisor serves a two-year term, and the board members serve four-year terms. Elections are staggered such that in any given election year, the supervisor and two board members' seats will be up for election.[22]

North Salem government
Position elected Name Year first elected Political affiliation Year next up for election
Town Supervisor Warren Lucas 2009 R 2021
Town Council Member Peter Kamenstein 2009 R 2021
Town Council Member Katherine Daniels 2020 D 2023
Town Council Member Lisa Douglas 2015 R 2023
Town Council Member Martin Aronchick 2011* D 2021

*Aronchick first won his seat in 2011, lost it in 2015 to Lisa Douglas, and won a seat back in 2016 in a special election.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pacchiana, Katherine (August 24, 2011). "North Salem: Who is Running For What?". The Daily Voice. Retrieved October 5, 2015. Republican incumbent Warren Lucas will run unopposed for supervisor
  2. ^ "2022 U.S. Gazetteer Files".
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "North Salem 2020 Census Quickfacts". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2021.
  5. ^ "New York Congressional Districts Map" (PDF). US Census Bureau.
  6. ^ "Town Board | North Salem, NY". www.northsalemny.org. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  7. ^ a b c Scharf, John Thomas (1886). History of Westchester County: New York, Including Morrisania, Kings Bridge, and West Farms, which Have Been Annexed to New York City. L. E. Preston & Company.
  8. ^ Yerkes Tavern, Map the Past
  9. ^ North Salem Census of 1800. United States Census Bureau, 1800.
  10. ^ Harper, Douglas (2003). "Emancipation in New York". Slavery in the North
  11. ^ "North Salem History Nuggets". North Salem Historical Society. Retrieved April 19, 2023.
  12. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  13. ^ "2022 Gazetteer – New York State". United States Census Bureau Gazetteer. 2022.
  14. ^ "PRISM Climate Data for Lower 48". PRISM Climate Group.
  15. ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". planthardiness.ars.usda.gov. Retrieved August 17, 2023.
  16. ^ "Native American Propped Boulders". nativestones.com. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  19. ^ "X-Men Xavier Institute mansion appears on Google Maps". BBC News. November 14, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  20. ^ "northsalemschools". Retrieved July 25, 2011.
  21. ^ "northsalemschools". Retrieved July 25, 2016.
  22. ^ "Town Board > Home | The Town of North Salem, NY". www.northsalemny.org. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  23. ^ "Fanny Crosby Birthplace Historical Marker – Adventures Around Putnam".
  24. ^ Charles, Eleanor (May 16, 1982). "WESTCHESTER GUIDE; PAUL NEWMAN'S PLACE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 17, 2023.
  25. ^ Cary, Bill (September 6, 2013). "Dick Button's garden glory: Open Days opened over weekend". lohud.com. Gannett. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c "Westchester Magazine". Retrieved July 25, 2011.
  27. ^ "Happy Birthday To North Salem's Steven Lawrence Rattner". North Salem Daily Voice. July 5, 2014.
  28. ^ Andrews, Suzanna. "Larry Fink's $12 Trillion Shadow". Vanity Fair.
  29. ^ a b "A MUSICAL VALENTINE FOR NORTH SALEM, A PERFORMANCE BY PIANIST ROBBIE KONDOR AND VOCALIST EMILY BINDIGER!". Macaroni Kid North Westchester.
  30. ^ Phoning Home. University of South Carolina Press, 2014
  31. ^ "North Salem Equine Rescue Tastes 'Victory'". TAPinto.

External links[edit]

Media related to North Salem, New York at Wikimedia Commons