List of cat breeds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Purebred cat)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following list of cats Breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.

As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognises 71 standardised breeds,[1] the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognises 44,[2] and Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognises 43.[3]

Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in TICA and CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds;[4] the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.

The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardised breeds with similar names, such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.


Breeds[edit]

Breed Country Origin Body Type Coat Length Pattern Images
Abyssinian Asia[5][a] Natural Semi-foreign Short Ticked
Abyssinian
Aegean Greece Natural Moderate Long and short All bicolor and calico patterns
Aegean
American Bobtail United States[5] Mutation Cobby Short and long All
American Bobtail
American Curl United States[5] Mutation Semi-foreign Short and long All
American Curl
American Shorthair America[5] Natural Cobby Short All
American Shorthair
American Ringtail United States[5] Mutation Foreign Short & long All
American Wirehair United States[5] Mutation Normal Rex All
American Wirehair
Aphrodite Giant Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All
Aphrodite Giant
Arabian Mau Arabian Peninsula Natural Moderate and Muscular Short All
Arabian Mau
Asian cat Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia) Natural Moderate Short Evenly solid
Asian
Asian Semi-longhair United Kingdom Crossbreed: Burmese and the domestic longhair Cobby Semi-long Evenly solid
Asian Semi-longhair
Australian Mist Australia Crossbreed: Abyssinian and Burmese Moderate Short Spotted or tabby
Australian Mist
Balinese Developed in the United States[5] (foundation stock from Thailand) Variety of the Siamese cat Semi-foreign Long Colorpoint
Balinese
Bambino, which means baby in Italian. United States Crossbreed of the Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf. This type of cat looks like a dachshund Hairless and downy All
Bengal Developed in the United States, but created in Asia) Hybrid: Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Large Short Spotted, marbled, or rosetted
Bengal
Birman Developed in France but it this cat is actually from Burma)[5] The original Birman was crossed with the Siamese and the Persian to create the birman cat of today Cobby Semi-long Mitted Colorpoint
Birman
Bombay Developed in the United States[5] (some foundation stock from Burma and Thailand) Crossbreed of the American Shorthair and Burmese Cobby Short Black
Bombay
Brazilian Shorthair Brazil Natural Normal Short All
Brazilian Shorthair
British Longhair United Kingdom[5] Natural Cobby Medium All
British Semi-longhair
British Shorthair United Kingdom (England)[5] Natural Cobby Short All
British Shorthair
Burmese Burma (Myanmar)[5] Natural Semi-foreign, or Semi-cobby Short Solid and Tortoiseshell
Burmese
Burmilla United Kingdom (England)[5] Crossbreed between the Burmese and the Persian cat Semi-Cobby Short/long Solid, in Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns
Burmilla
California Spangled United States[5] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair Moderate Short Spotted
California Spangled
Chantilly-Tiffany United States Natural Cobby Long Solid, ticked, spotted and blotched tabby
Chantilly-Tiffany
Chartreux France[5] Natural Muscular Cobby Short Solid grey
Chartreux
Chausie France Hybrid of the Abyssinian× jungle cat (Felis chaus) Normal Short Ticked
Chausie
Colourpoint Shorthair England Crossbreed of the Abyssinian, Siamese and the domestic shorthair Foreign Short Colorpoint
Colorpoint Shorthair
Cornish Rex United Kingdom (England)[5] Mutation Foreign Rex All
Cornish Rex
Cymric , Manx Longhair , and the Longhaired Manx[b] United Kingdom (Isle of Man), United States, and Canada [c][5] Mutation of the original Manx Semi-Cobby Long All
Cymric
Cyprus Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All
Cyprus
Devon Rex United Kingdom (England)[5] Mutation Semi-foreign Rex All
Devon Rex
Donskoy or
Don Sphynx
Russia Mutation Semi-foreign Hairless Solid
Donskoy or Don Sphynx
Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
China Natural Normal Short Ticked tabby
Dragon Li or Chinese Li Hua
Dwelf Crossbreed: American Curl, Munchkin and Sphinx Dwarf Hairless All
Egyptian Mau Egypt[5] Natural Moderate and muscular Short Spotted
Egyptian Mau
European Shorthair Continental Europe[5] Natural Moderate Short All
European Shorthair
Exotic Shorthair United States Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Persian Cobby Short All
Cream tabby exotic cat.jpg
Foldex[6] Canada Crossbreed: Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold Cobby Short All
Foldex
German Rex Germany[5] Mutation Moderate Rex All
German Rex
Havana Brown United Kingdom (England)[5] Crossbreed: Siamese and black short-haired cats, both chocolate color Foreign Short Solid brown
Havana Brown
Highlander United States Crossbreed/hybrid: Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl Moderate Short/long All
Highlander
Himalayan or
Colorpoint Persian[d]
United States and United Kingdom[5] Crossbreed: Persian and Siamese Cobby Long Colorpoint
Himalayan or Colorpoint Persian
Japanese Bobtail Japan[e][5] Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All
Japanese Bobtail
Javanese or
Colorpoint Longhair[f]
Developed in the United States[5] and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia) Crossbreed: Balinese, with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair and Siamese Oriental Long Colorpoint
Javanese or Colorpoint Longhair
Kanaani Germany Crossbreed:African Wildcat with domestics semi-foreign Short Black, chocolate or cinnamon spotted tabby
Khao Manee Thailand Natural Moderate Short Solid white
Khao Manee
Kinkalow United States Crossbreed: Munchkin & American Curl Dwarf Short Tabby,Solid,& Tortoiseshell
Korat Thailand[5] Natural Muscular Semi-cobby Blue
Korat
Korean Bobtail Korea Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long Colorprint
Japanese Bobtail walking.JPG
Korn Ja Thailand Natural Small Short Solid black
Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
Eastern Russia and Japan Natural, mutation Semi-cobby Short/long All
Kurilian Bobtail or Kuril Islands Bobtail
Lambkin United States[5] Crossbreed:Munchkin with Selkirk Rex Dwarf Rex All
LaPerm United States[5] Mutation Moderate Rex All
LaPerm
Lykoi United States Mutation Moderate Partly hairless Ticked
Lykoi
Maine Coon United States[5] Natural Large Long All
Maine Coon
Manx United Kingdom (Isle of Man)[5] Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All
Manx
Mekong Bobtail Russia Mutation Moderate Short Colorpoint
Mekong Bobtail
Minskin United States Crossbreed: Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf cat Short/hairless All
Minskin
Napoleon United States Crossbreed: Persian and Munchkin Dwarf Short/long All
Munchkin cat 2.jpg
Munchkin United States[5] Mutation Dwarf Short/long All
Munchkin
Nebelung United States Foreign Semi-long Solid blue
Nebelung
Norwegian Forest Cat Norway[5] Natural Cobby Long Traditional, sepia, or mink
Norwegian Forest Cat
Ocicat United States[5] Crossbreed: Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese Large Short Spotted
Ocicat
Ojos Azules United States[5] Crossbreed Moderate Short All
Oregon Rex United States Mutation Rex
Oriental Bicolor Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Variety of the Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Bicolor
Oriental Bicolor
Oriental Longhair[g] or
Foreign Longhair;
Mandarin;
British Angora (obsolete)
Developed in the United Kingdom and United States[5]; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand Variety of the Oriental Shorthair Oriental Semi-long All. If colorpoint, this breed is called the Javanese cat
Oriental Shorthair[g] Developed in the United States and later the United Kingdom; foundation stock ultimately from Thailand[5] Crossbreed: European Shorthair and Siamese Oriental Short All. This breed becomes the Colorpoint Shorthair when pointed
Oriental Shorthair
Persian (modern) Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran)[5] Mutation, from the traditional Persian Cobby Long All but Colorpoint
Persian, modern
Persian (traditional) Greater Iran[5] Natural, but some crossing with Turkish Angora Cobby Long All but colorpoint
Traditional Persian
Peterbald Russia Crossbreed: Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese. Before, it was between the Balinese and Javanese Oriental Hairless/flocked, velour, brush, or straight coat All
Peterbald
Pixie-bob United States[5] Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on) Medium Short Spotted
Pixie-bob
Ragamuffin, or
Liebling (obsolete)
United States Crossbreed: Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to Himalayan, Persian, other long-haired cats Cobby Long All
Ragamuffin
Ragdoll United States[5] Behavioural Mutation in a crossbreed, presumed Persian or Turkish Angora and Birman or Burmese Cobby Long Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor
Ragdoll
Raas Indonesia Natural Short
Russian Blue Russia[5] Natural Moderate, Oriental Short Solid blue
Russian Blue
Russian White, Black, and Tabby Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia) Crossbreeds: Russian Blue and short-haired cats, from Siberia, Russia Moderate Short Solid white, solid black and tabby
Sam sawet Thailand Variety of the Thai cat Moderate Short Solid
Savannah United States Hybrid: Domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)[7] Large Short Spotted
Savannah
Scottish Fold United Kingdom (Scotland)[5] Mutation of the bones and cartilage Cobby Short/long All
Lilac-coated Scottish Fold
Selkirk Rex United States[5] Mutation, crossbreed: American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair Moderate Rex (Short/long) All
Selkirk Rex
Serengeti United States Crossbreed: Bengal and Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Spotted
Serengeti
Serrade Petit France Natural Semi-Cobby Short Tabby
Serrade petit
Siamese (modern)
(for traditional, see Thai below)
Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand)[5] Mutation of the Thai cat Oriental Short Colorpoint
Siamese
Siberian or
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
Russia, Ukraine[5] Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All
Siberian
Singapura Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Singapore Island[5] Crossbreed: Burmese and Abyssinian, and a variety of the Australian Mist Small Short Ticked
Singapura
Snowshoe United States[5] Crossbreed: American Shorthair and Siamese Moderate Short Mitted Colorpoint
Snowshoe
Sokoke Kenya Natural Moderate Short Ticked tabby
Sokoke
Somali United States, Canada Mutation Cobby Long Ticked
Somali
Sphynx Canada, Europe[5] Mutation Oriental Hairless All
Sphynx
Suphalak Thailand Natural Moderate Short Solid
Suphalak
Thai or
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
Wichien Maat[h]
Thailand[5] Natural Moderate Short Colorpoint
Thai
Thai Lilac Thailand Variety of the Korat Moderate and muscular Short Solid lilac
Thai Lilac
Tonkinese Canada, United States[5] Crossbreed: Burmese and Siamese Oriental, Moderate Short Colorpoint, mink, or solid
Tonkinese
Toyger United States Crossbreed/hybrid: Bengal and the Domestic Shorthair Moderate Short Striped
Toyger
Turkish Angora Turkey[5] Natural Semi-Cobby Semi-long All
Turkish Angora
Turkish Van Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Turkey) Natural Semi-Cobby Semi-long Van pattern
Turkish Van
Turkish Vankedisi Turkey Natural Svelte Long White
Van cat
Ukrainian Levkoy Ukraine Crossbred: Donskoy and Scottish Fold Moderate Hairless Grey
Ukrainian Levkoy
Wila Krungthep Thailand Mutation Oriental Short Solid brown
York Chocolate United States (New York) Natural Semi-Cobby Long Solid chocolate, lilac or taupe or any of these with white
York Chocolate

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ It is possible that the Abyssinian originated in Ethiopa, formerly known as Abyssinia but there is no record of agouti cats in Ethiopa. It is likely that they originated from somewhere in Asia but there is not solid record.
  2. ^ The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g., as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF)
  3. ^ There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric breed. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the manx tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. However the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
  4. ^ Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, may classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others may make it a long-haired subbreed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colourpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colorpoint
  5. ^ Due to artefacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
  6. ^ "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colourpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has merged back into the Balinese as a division
  7. ^ a b In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions
  8. ^ Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese
  1. ^ "The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards". Archived from the original on 2015-07-22. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  2. ^ Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
  3. ^ Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
  4. ^ Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646. There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asian for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az "The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia", Aniwa Publishing: Paris, 2005.
  6. ^ "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
  7. ^ http://f3savannahcat.com/

External links[edit]