Govardhana matha

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Template:APOSTOLIC SUCCESSORSSHANKARACHARYAS (MATHA IN CHARGE) OF POORVAMNAYA SHANKARACHARYA GOVARDHAN MATHA , PURI, ODISHA1. PADMAPADA(FIRST MATHA IN CHARGE APPOINTED BY ADI SHANKARACHARYA)

2. ANANTA SHREE SULA PANI 3. NARAYANA 4. BIDYARANYA 5. VAMDEV 6. PADMANABH 7. JAGANNATH 8. MADHURESWAR 9. GOVINDA 10. SRIDHARA 11. MADHAVANANDA 12. KRISHNA BRAHMANANDA 13. RAMANANDA 14. VAGISWARA 15. PARAMESWAR 16. GOPALA 17. JANARDANA 18. JNANANANDA 19. BRIHADARANYA 20. MAHADEVA 21. PARAMA BRAHMANANDA 22. RAMANANDA 23. SADASHIVA 24. HARISHVARANANDA 25. BODHANANDA 26. RAMAKRISHNA 27. CHIT BODHATMA 28. TATTWAKSAVARA 29. SANKARA 30. VASUDEVA 31. HAYAGRIVA 32. SMRITISWARA 33. VIDYANANDA 34. MUKUNDANANDA 35. HIRANYAGARBHA 36. NITYANANDA 37. SIVANANDA 38. YOGISWARA 39. SUDARSHAN 40. VYOMAKESHA 41. DAMODAR 42. YOGANANDA 43. GOLAKESHA 44. KRISHNANANDA 45. DEVANANDA 46. CHANDRACHURHA 47. HALAYUDHA 48. SIDHYA SEVYA 49. TARAKATMA 50. BODHAYANA 51. SRIDHARA 52. NARAYANA 53. SADASHIVA 54. JAYAKRISHNA 55. VIRUPAKSHA 56. VIDYARANYA 57. VISESHWARA 58. VIBODHESHWARA 59. MAHESWARA 60. MADHUSUDANA 61. RAGHUTTAMA 62. RAMACHANDRA 63. YOGINDRA 64. MOHESWARA 65. OMARA 66. NARAYAM 67. JAGANNATHA 68. SRIDHARA 69. RAMACHANDRA 70. TAMRAKH 71. UGRESWARA 72. UDDANDA 73. SANKARSHANA 74. JANARDANA 75. AKHANDATMA 76. DAMODARA 77. SIVANANDA 78. GADDADHARA 79. VIDYADHARA 80. VAMANA 81. SHANKARA 82. NILAKANTHA 83. RAMAKRISHNA 84. RAGHUTTAMA 85. SAMODARA 86. GOPALA 87. MRITYUNJAYA 88. GOVINDA 89. VASUDEVA 90. GANGADHARA 91. SADASHIVA 92. VAMADEVA 93. UPAMANYU 94. HAYAGRIVA 95. HARI 96. RAGHUTTAMA 97. PUNDARIKAKSHYA 98. PARASHANKARA TIRTHA 99. VEDAGARBHA 100. VEDANTA BHASKARA 101. VINANATMA 102. SIVANANDA 103. MAHESWARA 104. RAMAKRISHNA 105. VRISADHWAJA 106. SUDHABODHA 107. SOMESWARA 108. GOPADEVA 109. SAMBHU TIRTHA 110. BHRIGU 111. KESHAVANANDA 112. VIDYANANDA 113. VEDANANDA 114. BODHANANDA 115. SUTAPANANDA 116. SRIDHARA 117. JANARDANA 118. KAMANASANANANDA 119. HARIHARANANDA 120. GOPALA 121. KRISHNANANDA 122. MADHAVANANDA 123. MADHUSUDANA 124. GOVINDA 125. RAGHUTTAMA 126. VAMADEVA 127. HRISHIKESHA 128. DAMODARA 129. GOPALANANDA 130. GOVINDA 131. RAGHUNATHA 132. RAMACHANDRA 133. GOVINDA 134. RAGHUNATHA 135. RAMAKRISHNA 136. MADHUSUDANA 137. DAMODARA 138. RAGHUTTAMA 139. SIVA(1849-1870) 140. LOKANATHA(1870-1883) 141. DAMODARA TIRTHA(1883-1898) 142. MADHUSUDANA TIRTHA(1898-1926) 143. BHARATI KRISHNA TIRTHA(1926-1960) 144. SHREE NIRANJANA DEVA TIRTHA(1.7.64-8.2.92) 145. SHREE NISHCHALANANDA SARASWATI(9.2.92) Acharya: Jagadguru Shankaracharya Sri Nischalananda Saraswati

Goverdhana matha.jpg
Location Puri
Founder Adi Shankara
First Acharya Padmapadacharya
Formation 820 AD
Website http://govardhanpeeth.org/

The Govardhana matha is a monastery located in the city of Puri in Odisha state (India). It is associated with the Jagannath temple[1] and is one of the four cardinal mathas founded by Adi Shankara in the 8th century CE.

The deities here are Jagannath (Bhairava) and the devi is Vimala (Bhairavi). The mahavakya is Prajnana Brahma. There are Shri Vigraha of Goverdhananatha Krishna and Ardhanareshwara Shiva installed by Adi Shankara.[2]

The whole of the Eastern part of the Indian subcontinent is considered as the territory of Sri Govardhan Peeth.[3] This includes the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh till Rajamundry, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Uttar Pradesh till Prayag. The countries Nepal , Bangladesh and Bhutan are also considered spiritual territory of the math . Puri , Allahabad, Gaya and Varanasi are some of the holy places under this Math.

Background[edit]

The Indian Prime minister Narendra Modi with the Shankaracharya Sri Nischalananda Saraswati of Puri

Govardhana matha is one of four cardinal institutions established by Adi Shankara (c. 8th century CE), the reviver of Vedic Sanatana Dharma.[4] Shankara's four principal disciples, Padma-Pada, Hasta-Malaka, Vartika-Kara and Totakacharya were assigned to these four learning centers in the north, south, east and west of India.[5] The subsequent leaders of each of these four monasteries have come to be known as Śaṅkarāchāryas in honor of the math's founder, Adi Shankara.[6] As such they are the leaders of the Daśanāmī Saṃnyāsins who are considered to have custody of Advaita Vedānta[6] These four principle seats of learning are located in Purī (Orissa), Śṛṅgeri (Karnataka) and Dvārakā (Gujarat) with[6] the northern (Uttarāmnāya) monastery being located in the city of Jyotirmaṭh (also known as Joṣīmaṭh).[6]

History[edit]

Padmapadacharya became the first leader of the matha. The matha has historical connections with the Jagannath temple, which is also located in Puri.[1] It is called the Govardhanathatha, and has sub-location called the Sankarananda Math. Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha, who was then the leader at the Dvaraka matha, assumed the leadership position at the Govardhana matha in 1925; Shankara Prushottama Tirtha supervised the Matha on his behalf while he visited the Self Realization Fellowship in the USA.[1] After Bharati attained Mahasamadhi in 1960, Yogeswaranda Tirtha succeeded him who also attained Mahasamadhi a year later in 1961. In 1964, after a "period of uncertainty" Niranjana Deva Tirtha, a disciple named in Bharati's will, was installed by Aghinava Saccindananda Tirtha of Dvarka.[1] Nirnjana Deva Tirtha became known for his unpopular political views affecting the Hindu people.[7] In 1992, he stepped down after nominating Niscalananda Saraswati as his successor in the 1990s.[1][8]

Samudra Arati[edit]

Samudra arati of worship of the sea by disciples of the Matha at Puri

The Samudra arati is a daily tradition started by the present Shankaracharya 9 years ago.[2] The daily practise includes prayer and fire offering to the sea at Swargadwar in Puri by disciples of the matha. On Paush Purnima of every year the Shankaracharya himself comes out to offer prayers to the sea.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Unknown author (May 5, 1999) archived here (Accessed: 2012-08-30) or here The Monastic Tradition Advaita Vedanta web page, retrieved August 28, 2012
  2. ^ a b Sahu, Monideepa (6 March 2016). "The great fire". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 6 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Vaidya, Dhananjay (17 August 2008). "Poorvamnaya Sri Govardhan Muth, Bhogavardhan Peetham, Puri". Organiser. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  4. ^ Pasricha, Prem C. (1977) The Whole Thing the Real Thing, Delhi Photo Company, p. 59-63
  5. ^ Love and God, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Age of Enlightenment Press, 1973 p. 9
  6. ^ a b c d Unknown author (2005) Indology The Jyotirmaṭha Śaṅkarācārya Lineage in the 20th Century, retrieved August 4, 2012
  7. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/2000/aug/28sankra.htm
  8. ^ (1994) SUNY Press, A Survey of Hinduism By Klaus K. Klostermaier

External links[edit]