Purim Torah is humorous and satirical comments in the learned style of talmudic or halakhic comments customarily read, recited from memory or authored on or for the Jewish holiday of Purim. Purim Torah can be simple or elaborate.
Purim Torah authors, often displaying an amazing grasp of Jewish knowledge, playfully use some of the far-fetched methods of Talmudic logic and Biblical exegesis in order to reach absurd conclusions. Another popular method is "play on words" where a reasonable word or phrase is purposefully misinterpreted as something absurd that sounds similar. For example the verse in the Megilla that states "Vashti made a feast for the women" sounds similar (in Hebrew) to "Vashti was born of two women".
Parodies of Jewish life and the world have been found as early as the 12th century. Some Purim Torahs the boundary between humor and irreverence was very thin. An example of such is the 14th century Masekhet Purim by Kalonymus ben Kalonymus, condemned by many scholars.
Eliezer Segal points to a passage in the Talmud as the first suggestion of a Purim Torah. In a passage on Hulin 139b, a sage offers up a series of interesting puns in order to find allusions to characters from the Purim story in the Torah. Others such as Israel Davidson state that while there is humor present in the Talmud, calling any part of it a parody is simply untrue.
- Websters Online - Purim Torah
- Segal, Eliezer. "Purim, Parody, and Pipul". Retrieved 2009-06-02.
- "Ask the Rabbi: Are all costumes allowed on Purim?", The Jerusalem Post, 03/11/11
- Davidson, Israel (1907). Parody in Jewish Literature. New York.