Purine nucleosidase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
purine nucleosidase
Purine nucleosidase tetramer, Saccharolobus solfataricus
EC no.
CAS no.9025-44-9
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a purine nucleosidase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

a purine nucleoside + H2O D-ribose + a purine base

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are purine nucleoside and H2O, whereas its two products are D-ribose and purine base.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those glycosylases that hydrolyse N-glycosyl compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is purine-nucleoside ribohydrolase. Other names in common use include nucleosidase, purine beta-ribosidase, purine nucleoside hydrolase, purine ribonucleosidase, ribonucleoside hydrolase, nucleoside hydrolase, N-ribosyl purine ribohydrolase, nucleosidase g, N-D-ribosylpurine ribohydrolase, inosine-adenosine-guanosine preferring nucleoside hydrolase, purine-specific nucleoside N-ribohydrolase, IAG-nucleoside hydrolase, and IAG-NH. This enzyme participates in purine metabolism and nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 11 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1EZR, 1HOZ, 1HP0, 1KIC, 1KIE, 1MAS, 1R4F, 2C40, 2FF1, 2FF2, and 2MAS.


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