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Purna is located in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°11′N 77°03′E / 19.18°N 77.05°E / 19.18; 77.05Coordinates: 19°11′N 77°03′E / 19.18°N 77.05°E / 19.18; 77.05
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Parbhani
 • Body Municipal Council
Elevation 384 m (1,260 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 36,433[1]
Demonym(s) Purnakar
 • Official Marathi
 • Other Urdu [2]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 431511[3]
Vehicle registration MH-22

Purna is a town with a municipal council in Parbhani district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.


Purna is located at 20°55′N 73°45′E / 20.91°N 73.75°E / 20.91; 73.75.[4] It has an average elevation of 384 metres (1,260 ft).

Purna is situated in the Maharashtra state of India.


As of 2011 India census,[5] Purna had total 6,663 houses and population of 36,433. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Purna has an average literacy rate of 71.95, lower than the national average of 75%: male literacy is 79% and female literacy is 65.11%. In Purna, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.[6]

Rail transport[edit]

Marathwada Express at Purna Junction

Purna Junction railway station (station code: PAU) is on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of Hyderabad (HYB) Division of South Central Railway (SCR). In the meter gauge era Purna was the most important Junction. Hundreds of railway employees were then stationed at Purna. Nearly 50% of the population of the Purna city then was constituted with railway employees and their families. Purna has massive land occupied by the Railway Department for staff quarters, filling point, washing area, etc. Railway Department has its own schools in Marathi and English, community cultural hall, sports complexes, and fields. The economy of the city was mainly dependent of the railway population. All the trains then would halt here for 20 minutes to 90 minutes. The crew would change here and fueling/watering to the trains would be done here. The engines of the majority trains would be changed here then. The railway population had then enriched the sports culture of the city. After creation of the Nanded division, all major major operations of railways were diverted from Purna junction to Nanded. Since then the city lost its prosperity and the economy of the city had an enormous adverse effect on it. After Divisional adjustments in 2003, Purna now comes under the Nanded (NED) Division of SCR. Purna has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda (HYB).

Ajanta Express between Secunderabad and Manmad is the most prestigious train passing through this station. There are a number of trains running regularly toward Mumbai and Telangana. Purna is connected to Ajmer and Jaipur by train as passengers from nearby cities have to catch this train from Purna. Purna is an important junction in Nanded Division. It has a line branching off to Akola and further to Khandwa.

The Purna name is given by Purna River. Purna's historical name is "Lasina".


Today, Purna has good education facilities provided by some of the Marathi as well as English medium schools. There are some colleges educating students from Purna and some of the surrounding villages up to graduation. There is also one private Ayurved college in Purna. Even if it has satisfactory education facilities until graduation, Purna falls short in providing higher education. Hence there is a strong need to build some good post graduation, medical, and engineering colleges.


As Purna is not industrially developed, the main source of income of most of the population is agriculture. The other major source is through self-employment. The huge railway infrastructure, it also provides jobs to many residents.

These sources of employment are not sufficient to accommodate all the residents, there is a need to set up some small- or medium-scale industrial establishment. However, Purna offers the potential for businesses as they can get skilled manpower, ample land, and excellent rail services.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Parbhani district census" (PDF). parbhani.nic.in. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "National Commission for Linguistic Minority". 50th/report/nclm. Retrieved 20 Sep 2015. 
  3. ^ "Purna City". One Five Nine. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Purna
  5. ^ "District wise Demography". Census 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Purna". Our Hero. Retrieved 22 May 2015.