Purnima

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Kartik Poornima: November 28, 2012

Purnima (also called Poornima, Pournima, Bangla: পূর্ণিমা, Sanskrit: पूर्णिमा (IAST: pūrṇimā)) is the Indian and Nepali word for full moon, while in Indonesian it is known as Purnama. The day of Purnima is the day (Tithi) in each month when the full moon occurs, and marks the division in each month between the two lunar fortnights (Paksha).

A full moon occurs when the Sun and the Moon appear separated by 180°. This lunar day is the considered auspicious for new beginnings.[1] The Shukla ("bright") Paksha is the fortnight before, and the Krishna ("dark") Paksha is the fortnight after Purnima.

This lunar phase lasts only for a while, when the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are aligned exactly in a straight line, called a syzygy of the Sun–Earth–Moon system. Full moon is considered the third of the four primary phases of the Moon; the other three phases are new moon, first quarter moon, and third quarter moon. The full moon shows 100% illumination, causes high tides, and can concur with lunar eclipses.[2]

Purnima in 2018[edit]

Month Purnima Date (2018) Festivals
Paush 02 January (Tuesday) Paush Purnima
Magha 31 January (Wednesday) Magha Purnima
Phalguna 01 March (Thursday) Holi
Chaitra 31 March (Saturday) Hanuman Jayanti
Vaishakha 30 April (Monday) Buddha Purnima
Adhik Jyeshtha 29 May (Tuesday) Adhik Vat Purnima
Jyeshtha 28 June (Thursday) Vat Purnima
Ashadha 27 July (Friday) Guru Purnima
Shravana 26 August (Sunday) Rakhi Purnima
Ashwin 24 October (Wednesday) Kojagiri Purnima
Kartik 23 November (Friday) Kartik Poornima
Margashirsha 22 December (Saturday) Dattātreya Jayanti

[3] [4]

Festivals[edit]

The following festivals occur on Purnima.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pournami Vratham– Fasting on the Full Moon". Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  2. ^ "The Full Moon". www.timeanddate.com. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  3. ^ Purnima dates
  4. ^ Purnima dates
  5. ^ Guru Pournima

External links[edit]