Purpura persica

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Purpura persica
Muricidae - Purpura persica.JPG
Shell of Purpura persica on display at the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Muricidae
Subfamily: Rapaninae
Genus: Purpura
Species: P. persica
Binomial name
Purpura persica
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Purpura persica, common name : the Persian purpura, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Muricidae, the murex snails or rock snails.[1]


Purpura persica (Lovell Augustus Reeve, 1843. Conchologia iconica)

The shell size of Purpura persica varies between 60 mm and 110 mm.[2] It is a large and thick shell, with large body whorl and a very expanded aperture. The surface shows a chocolate-brown color and it is sculptured with spiralled, beaded cords. [1]


This species is distributed in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean along Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Tanzania and the East Coast of South Africa, in the Southwest Pacific and along Japan. [1]


These sea snails prefer shallow rocky areas. [1]


  • Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Mollusques testacés marins de Madagascar. Faune des Colonies Francaises, Tome III
  • Spry, J.F. (1961). The sea shells of Dar es Salaam: Gastropods. Tanganyika Notes and Records 56
  • Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp
  • Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg