Pursurah (community development block)
Community development block
|• Type||Representative democracy|
|• Total||100.42 km2 (38.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||13 m (43 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arambagh|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Pursurah|
Pursurah is located at. It is about 7 kilometers away from Tarakeswar.
Pursurah CD Block is bounded by Raina II CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the north, Dhaniakhali, Tarakeshwar and Jangipara CD Blocks in the east, and Udaynarayanpur CD Block, in Howrah district, and Khanakul I and Khanakul II CD Blocks in the south and Arambagh CD Block in the west.
It is located 72 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.
Pursurah CD Block has an area of 100.42 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 138 gram sansads (village councils), 50 mouzas and 50 inhabited villages. Pursurah police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Pursurah.
As per the 2011 Census of India Pursura CD Block had a total population of 173,437, all of which were rural. There were 88,908 (51%) males and 84,529 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,804. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,025 (21.35%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 839 (0.48%).
At the 2001 census, Pursurah block had a total population of 156,212, out of which 79,943 were males and 76,269 were females. Pursurah block registered a population growth of 10.08 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Pursurah CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets) : Soaluk (9,196), Baikunthapur (8,794), Kulbatpur (4,039), Paschimpara (4,829), Nimdangi (4,739), Jangalpara (9,239), Pursurah (7,225), Shrirampur (7,490), Rautara (4,626), Saidpur (4,629), Akri Fatepur (4,776), Chilladangi (7,492), Bara Digrui (4,739), Ghol Digrui (6,699) and Shyampur (6,719).
Other villages in Pursurah CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Bhangamora (3,061), Kelepara (3,949) and Dihibatpur (3,054).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pursura CD Block was 127,809 (82.12% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 70,698 (88.63% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 57,111 (75.28% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.35%.
At the 2001 census, Pursurah block had a total literacy of 54.93 per cent. While male literacy was 64.93 per cent, female literacy was 43.34 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4% of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.
As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 144,830 and formed 83.51% of the population in Pursurah CD Block. Muslims numbered 28,242 and formed 16.28% of the population. Others numbered 365 and formed 0.21% of the population.
In Pursurah CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 26.52%, agricultural labourers 33.83%, household industry workers 3.78% and other workers 35.88%.
There are 50 inhabited villages in Pursurah CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 36 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 1 village has only tube well/ borewell and 12 villages have only hand pump. 5 villages have post offices and 14 villages have sub post offices. All 50 villages have telephone landlines, 30 villages have public call offices and 47 villages have mobile phone coverage. 21 villages have pucca roads and 28 villages have bus service (public/ private). 17 villages have agricultural credit societies and 12 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks.
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages. Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.
Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Pursurah CD Block are: Chiladingi bazaar, Dihibatpur hat and Khusiganj hat.
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Pursurah CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.72%, patta (document) holders 2.79%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.71%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 38.12% and agricultural labourers 44.66%.
In 2013-14, Pursurah CD Block produced 1,663 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 690 hectares, 288 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 112 hectares, 25 tonnes of wheat from 10 hectares, 54,049 tonnes of jute from 2,601 hectares, 126,139 tonnes of potatoes from 8,017 hectares and 129,934 tonnes of sugar cane from 814 hectares. It also produced some pulses and oilseeds.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Pursurah CD Block was 7,880 hectares, out of which 1,860 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 1,560 hectares by river lift irrigation, 1,110 hectares by deep tube wells and 3,350 hectares by shallow tube wells.
Pursurah CD Block has 6 ferry services and 4 originating/ terminating bus routes.
Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line
EMU services, earlier operating from Howrah to Tarakeswar, was extended to Arambagh P.C.Sen railway station on 16 September 2012, after completion of the electrified broad gauge Tarakewar-Arambagh sector of the Tarakeswar-Bishnupur extension of the Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line. As of 2017, trains are operating up to Goghat and there are halt stations at Talpur and Takipur.
It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway network.
In 2013-14, Pursurah CD Block had 107 primary schools with 10,227 students, 4 middle schools with 333 students, 8 high schools with 4,035 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 14,080 students. Pursurah CD Block had 1 general colleges with 58 students, 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students and 238 institutions for special and non-formal education with 6,982 students
In Pursurah CD Block, amongst the 50 inhabited villages, all villages had a school, 17 villages had more than 1 primary school, 21 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 14 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.
In 2014, Pursurah CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centre and 3 private nursing homes with total 62 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 25 family welfare subcentres. 9,363 patients were treated indoor and 168,007 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
Pursurah CD Block has Akri Shrirampur Rural Hospital (with 30 beds) at Akri Shrirampur, Fatepuhas Primary Health Centre at PO Parshyampur (with 4 beds) and Dihibatpur PHC at PO Alati (with 10 beds).
Pursurah CD Block is one of the areas of Hooghly district where ground water is affected by low level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. In Hooghly district, 16 blocks have arsenic levels above WHO guidelines and 11 blocks above Indian standard value. The maximum concentration in Pursurah CD Block is 38 mg/litre.
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