Pursurah (community development block)

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Pursurah
পুরশুড়া
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Pursurah is located in West Bengal
Pursurah
Pursurah
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°51′01″N 87°57′46″E / 22.850278°N 87.962778°E / 22.850278; 87.962778Coordinates: 22°51′01″N 87°57′46″E / 22.850278°N 87.962778°E / 22.850278; 87.962778
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Government
 • Type Representative democracy
Area
 • Total 100.42 km2 (38.77 sq mi)
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 173,437
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712401 (Pursurah)
Area code(s) 03212
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-15, WB-16, WB-18
Literacy 82.12%
Lok Sabha constituency Arambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituency Pursurah
Website hooghly.gov.in

Pursurah (also spelled Pursura) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Arambag subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview[edit]

The Pursurah CD Block is part of the Dwarakeswar-Damodar inter-riverine plain with alluvial soil.[1]

Geography[edit]

Pursurah is located at 22°51′01″N 87°57′46″E / 22.850278°N 87.962778°E / 22.850278; 87.962778. It is about 7 kilometers away from Tarakeswar.

Pursurah CD Block is bounded by Raina II CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the north, Dhaniakhali, Tarakeshwar and Jangipara CD Blocks in the east, and Udaynarayanpur CD Block, in Howrah district, and Khanakul I and Khanakul II CD Blocks in the south and Arambagh CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 72 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.[2]

Pursurah CD Block has an area of 100.42 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 138 gram sansads (village councils), 50 mouzas and 50 inhabited villages. Pursurah police station serves this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Pursurah.[5][6]

Gram panchayats of Pursurah block/ panchayat samiti are: Bhangamorah, Chilladangi, Dehibatpur, Kelepara, Pursurah I, Pursurah II, Shyampur and Shrirampur.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Pursura CD Block had a total population of 173,437, all of which were rural. There were 88,908 (51%) males and 84,529 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,804. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,025 (21.35%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 839 (0.48%).[8]

At the 2001 census, Pursurah block had a total population of 156,212, out of which 79,943 were males and 76,269 were females. Pursurah block registered a population growth of 10.08 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent.[9]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Pursurah CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets) : Soaluk (9,196), Baikunthapur (8,794), Kulbatpur (4,039), Paschimpara (4,829), Nimdangi (4,739), Jangalpara (9,239), Pursurah (7,225), Shrirampur (7,490), Rautara (4,626), Saidpur (4,629), Akri Fatepur (4,776), Chilladangi (7,492), Bara Digrui (4,739), Ghol Digrui (6,699) and Shyampur (6,719).[8]

Other villages in Pursurah CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Bhangamora (3,061), Kelepara (3,949) and Dihibatpur (3,054).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pursura CD Block was 127,809 (82.12% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 70,698 (88.63% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 57,111 (75.28% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.35%.[8]

At the 2001 census, Pursurah block had a total literacy of 54.93 per cent. While male literacy was 64.93 per cent, female literacy was 43.34 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4 % of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.[12]

Religion in Pursurah CD Block
Hindu
  
83.51%
Muslim
  
16.28%
Others
  
0.21%

As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.[12]

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 144,830 and formed 83.51% of the population in Pursurah CD Block. Muslims numbered 28,242 and formed 16.28% of the population. Others numbered 365 and formed 0.21% of the population.[13]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Pursurah CD Block was 31.51%.[14]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Livelihood
in Pursurah CD Block

  Cultivators (26.52%)
  Agricultural labourers (33.83%)
  Household industries (3.78%)
  Other Workers (35.88%)

In Pursurah CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 26.52%, agricultural labourers 33.83%, household industry workers 3.78% and other workers 35.88%.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 50 inhabited villages in Pursurah CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 36 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 1 village has only tube well/ borewell and 12 villages have only hand pump. 5 villages have post offices and 14 villages have sub post offices. All 50 villages have telephone landlines, 30 villages have public call offices and 47 villages have mobile phone coverage. 21 villages have pucca roads and 28 villages have bus service (public/ private). 17 villages have agricultural credit societies and 12 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.[17] Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.[18]

Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Pursurah CD Block are: Chiladingi bazaar, Dihibatpur hat and Khusiganj hat.[19]

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families involved
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families involved
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families involved
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[20]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Pursurah CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.72%, patta (document) holders 2.79%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.71%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 38.12% and agricultural labourers 44.66%.[15]

Pursurah CD Block had 120 fertiliser depots, 17 seed stores and 38 fair price shops in 2013-14.[15]

In 2013-14, Pursurah CD Block produced 1,663 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 690 hectares, 288 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 112 hectares, 25 tonnes of wheat from 10 hectares, 54,049 tonnes of jute from 2,601 hectares, 126,139 tonnes of potatoes from 8,017 hectares and 129,934 tonnes of sugar cane from 814 hectares. It also produced some pulses and oilseeds.[15]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Pursurah CD Block was 7,880 hectares, out of which 1,860 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 1,560 hectares by river lift irrigation, 1,110 hectares by deep tube wells and 3,350 hectares by shallow tube wells.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Pursurah CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Pursurah CD Block has 6 ferry services and 4 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

EMU services, earlier operating from Howrah to Tarakeswar, was extended to Arambagh P.C.Sen railway station on 16 September 2012, after completion of the electrified broad gauge Tarakewar-Arambagh sector of the Tarakeswar-Bishnupur extension of the Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line.[21]As of 2017, trains are operating upto Goghat and there are halt stations at Talpur and Takipur. [22]

It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway network.

State Highway 7 (West Bengal) running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore passes through this CD Block.[23]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Arambagh CD Block had 215 primary schools with 18,852 students, 7 middle schools with 342 students, 17 high schools with 10,885 students and 21 higher secondary schools with 22,107 students. Arambagh CD Block had 1 general colleges with 803 students and 468 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,348 students[15]

In Arambagh CD Block, amongst the 152 inhabited villages, 5 villages had no school, 56 villages had more than 1 primary school, 94 villages had at least 1 primary school, 53 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 38 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Arambagh CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 4 primary health centre and 3 private nursing homes with total 65 beds and 6 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 46 family welfare subcentres. 3,254 patients were treated indoor and 329,664 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

Pursurah CD Block is one of the areas of Hooghly district where ground water is affected by low level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. In Hooghly district, 16 blocks have arsenic levels above WHO guidelines and 11 blocks above Indian standard value. The maximum concentration in Pursurah CD Block is 38 mg/litre.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17-24. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Pursurah Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Map of Hooghly district". District Profile. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Map of Hooghly district with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Pursurah". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 6 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Pursurah". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  12. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Religion, Mother-tongue Pages 50-51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.38: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 89. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  16. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Appendices to Village Directory, 2009, Pages 775-779. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "List of functioning Cold Storage of West Bengal District wise as on 18.01.07". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 28 January 2009. 
  18. ^ "Intensive cropping with remarkable feature of Hooghly District". Retrieved 28 January 2009. 
  19. ^ "Primary Hats/Markets of District". Hooghly. West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 2009-01-29. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Introduction of EMU services on Tarakeswar-Aramabagh". Train Time Table and Special Trains. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  22. ^ "37365 Howrah Goghat Local". indiarailinfo. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  23. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  24. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Hugli. SOES. Retrieved 13 June 2017.