From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Varanasi in Purvanchal
Varanasi in Purvanchal
Location of Purvanchal
Location of Purvanchal
StatesUttar Pradesh and Bihar
LanguageBhojpuri dialect of Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu)
old Regions of Uttar Pradesh.
Varanasi attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims every year.
Ayodhya Kanka Bhavan in Ayodhya.

Purvanchal is a geographic region of northern India that coincides with the Bhojpuri region. It comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh and the western end of Bihar, where Hindi, and its dialects Bhojpuri and Awadhi, to a lesser extent, are spoken. It is bounded by Nepal to the north, the Indian state of Bihar to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west and the end of Lower Doab (the Kanpur-Fatehpur-Prayagraj region) in Uttar Pradesh to its southwest.


The name Purvanchal is derived from two Hindi word Puruv (east) and Anchal (region) which means 'the eastern part of a region' or 'East zone'.

Modern definition[edit]

Purvanchal consists primarily of 4 divisions: the eastern Awadhi region in the west, the western Bhojpuri region in the east, the Baghelkhand region in the south, and the Nepal region in the north.

Administrative divisions[edit]

International airports[edit]

  1. Varanasi Airport
  2. Gorakhpur Airport
  3. Ram Lala Airport Ayodhya
  4. Gautam Buddha kushinagar international airport

Local airports[edit]

  1. Azamgarh Airstrip
  2. Ballia Airstrip
  3. Maharajganj Airstrip
  4. Sarasvati Airstrip
  5. Kushinagar Airstrip
  6. Faizabad Airstrip
  7. Renukoot Airstrip
  8. Mirzapur Airstrip
  9. Akbarpur Airstrip
  10. Gauri ganj Airstrip
  11. Sultanpur Airstrip
  12. Gonda Airstrip
  13. Balrampur Airstrip
  14. Sarasvati Airstrip
  15. Basti Airstrip
  16. kushan Airstrip
  17. bhadohi airstrip


It lies on the Indo-Gangetic plain, and together with western Bihar is the most densely populated area in the world. The rich quality of its soil and the high earthworm density in the soil as opposed to adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh makes the region favourable for agriculture. Most of the countryside is given to intensive agriculture. Bhojpuri is the predominant language or dialect in the region, in addition to Hindi, although Awadhi and Baghelkhandi are also spoken in the western and southern areas. Like Bihar state to the east, a large population, slow economic growth, agricultural mechanisation, and the closure of sugar mills have led to increased unemployment, social and political discontent, and some unrest in the region.


The ancient excavated Buddha image inside the Parinirvana Stupa, Kushinagar

Purvanchal is one of the most ancient regions of India and enjoys a rich heritage and culture, particularly because of its association with cities like Varanasi, Ayodhya, Gorakhpur etc.

A major religious hub in India, it is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) in Hinduism and Jainism, and played an important role in the development of Buddhism. Hindu population is 94.73% of total population.

Municipal Board City[edit]

  1. Gorakhpur population 641,234 (2011)
  2. Varanasi population 12,456,56 (2011)
  3. mau nath bhanjan( cum kopaganj and adri ) nagar palika population 5,50,000(2019)


Banaras Hindu University is a Central University in Purvanchal. It evolved out of the Central Hindu College of Varanasi, set up by Annie Besant — a colorful British woman of Irish descent — who joined hands with Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in April 1911 for a common Hindu university at Varanasi.

Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi is an Institute of National Importance in Purvanchal. It is one of the 16 prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology. It was established in 1919 by the visionary Mahamana Pandit Mohan Malviya and has been constantly ranked among the top 10 technical institutes of India.

A Government Degree College was set up by the Government of Uttar Pradesh, for providing higher education to scholars who are interested in course work and programs of higher studies. At present, 137 Government Degree Colleges have been established by the state government to fulfill above criteria. The UP government administers, manages and controls these colleges through Department of Higher Education, Uttar Pradesh and follows the norms and regulations of University Grants Commission, New Delhi.



External links[edit]