A Camel cart at the Pushkar Fair
|Genre||Livestock fair, cultural festival|
|Date(s)||start of Kartik (month) to Kartik Purnima; Peak: last 5 days|
|Begins||Monday, 23 October 2017|
|Ends||Saturday, 4 November 2017|
|Participants||Farmers, Hindu pilgrims
Tourists (domestic, foreign)
|Activity||Fête, livestock show (camels, horses, cows), dance, rural sports, ferris wheels, competitions|
The Pushkar Fair, also called the Pushkar Camel Fair or locally as Kartik Mela or Pushkar ka Mela is an annual multi-day livestock fair and cultural fête held in the town of Pushkar (Rajasthan, India). The fair starts with the Hindu calendar month of Kartik and ends on the Kartik Purnima, which typically overlaps with late October and early November in the Gregorian calendar. In 1998, over 1 million visitors came to Pushkar throughout the year. The Pushkar fair alone attracts over 200,000 visitors.
The Pushkar fair is one of India's largest camel, horse and cattle fairs. Apart from the trading of livestock, it is an important pilgrimage season for Hindus to the Pushkar lake. Pushkar fair has also become a significant tourist attraction for domestic and international travelers, given the cooler season, the abundance of colorful cultural themes. Cultural events and competitions include dances, tug of war between women teams as well as men teams, the "matka phod", "longest moustache" competition, "bridal competition", camel races and others.
Thousands of people go to the banks of the Pushkar Lake where the fair takes place. Men trade their livestock, which includes camels, horses, cows, sheep and goats. Rural families shop at the handicraft stalls full of bracelets, clothes, textiles and fabrics. A camel race starts off the festival, with music, songs and exhibitions to follow. Between these events, the most waited for is the test of how the camel is able to bring the items. In order to demonstrate, the men go up on the group of camels one after another.
Pushkar is in centre-east part of Rajasthan, on the western side of Aravalli mountains. The nearest airport from Pushkar is Sanganer Airport in Jaipur, about 146 km (91 mi) northeast. Jaipur is well connected with all the major cities in India. Pushkar is about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Ajmer, connected via Pushkar road (Highway 58) which goes over the Aravalli Range mountains. Ajmer is also the nearest major railway station.
The peak celebrations occur over the last five days from the Kartik ekadashi to Kartik Poornima, the full moon day of Kartik (October–November) in Hindu calendar. This period sees an influx of Hindu pilgrims who attend the fairs, visit the temples and take a dip in the Pushkar lake.
- James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 539. ISBN 978-0-8239-3180-4.
- David L. Gladstone (2013). From Pilgrimage to Package Tour: Travel and Tourism in the Third World. Routledge. pp. 179–186. ISBN 978-1-136-07874-3.
- Pushkar Fair The Wall Street Journal (November 14, 2013)
- Pushkar Fair, Rajasthan
- RAJASTHAN: IT'S FAIR TIME IN PUSHKAR, Outlook Traveller (October 26, 2016)
- Pushkar Camel Fair Lights Up the Indian Thar Desert, Bloomberg
- "The Desert Comes Alive Once Again... Pushkar Camel Fair 2011". Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Pushkar The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 21, p. 1.
- Ennala Praveen (2006). Pushkar: moods of a desert town. Rupa & Co. pp. 10–12.
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