Pushkinogorsky District

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Pushkinogorsky District
Пушкиногорский район (Russian)
Location of Pushkinogorsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Pushkinogorsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°01′N 28°55′E / 57.017°N 28.917°E / 57.017; 28.917Coordinates: 57°01′N 28°55′E / 57.017°N 28.917°E / 57.017; 28.917
Coat of Arms of Pushkinogorsky rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of December 2014)
Administrative center work settlement of Pushkinskiye Gory[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 326
Municipal structure (as of December 2014)
Municipally incorporated as Pushkinogorsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 1,059 km2 (409 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 9,253 inhabitants[4]
- Urban 56.4%
- Rural 43.6%
Density 8.74/km2 (22.6/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Official website
Pushkinogorsky District on WikiCommons

Pushkinogorsky District (Russian: Пушкиного́рский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast and borders with Ostrovsky District in the north, Novorzhevsky District in the east, Opochetsky District in the south, and with Krasnogorodsky District in the west. The area of the district is 1,059 square kilometers (409 sq mi).[3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Pushkinskiye Gory.[2] Population: 9,253 (2010 Census);[4] 11,694 (2002 Census);[7] 13,566 (1989 Census).[8] The population of Pushkinskiye Gory accounts for 56.4% of the district's total population.[4]

Geography[edit]

The Velikaya River in the village of Selikhnovo

The whole of the district lies in the basin of the Velikaya River, and thus of the Narva River. The Velikaya crosses the district from south to north dividing it into two approximately equal parts. The biggest tributaries of the Velikaya within the limits of the district are the Issa River (left) and the Sorot River (right). There are many lakes in the district, the biggest of which are Lakes Velye (shared with Krasnogorodsky District), Kuchane, and Beloguli.

The western and the northwestern parts of the district, and especially the part west of the Velikaya, are flat; the rest is hilly. Swamps occupy considerable areas in the district, especially in the west. There are peat deposits.[9]

History[edit]

The area has been populated since at least the 10th century and was subordinate to Pskov. The fortress of Voronich was founded in 1349 and was one of the most important fortifications protecting Pskov from the south. In the beginning of the 16th century, the area together with the rest of the Pskov lands was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Voronich was destroyed during the Livonian War in the end of the 16th century.[10]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. The area was a part of Opochetsky Uyezd of Pskov Governorate.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Pushkinsky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Pushkinskiye Gory. It included parts of former Opochetsky Uyezd. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 1, 1932, parts of abolished Krasnogorodsky District were merged into Pushkinsky District. On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast and on February 5 of the same year, Pushkinsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On March 5, 1935, Krasnogorodsky District was re-established. On May 11, 1937, the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug and renamed Pushkinogorsky District. On February 5, 1941, the okrug was abolished. Between July 1941 and July 1944, Pushkinogorsky District was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast. On February  29, 1960, Pushkinskiye Gory was granted urban-type settlement status.[11]

On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished and split between Novorzhevsky and Opochetsky District as a part of abortive Khrushchev's administrative reform. On December 30, 1966, it was re-established.[11]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In the district, there are enterprises of food and timber industry.[12]

Agriculture[edit]

The main specializations of agriculture in the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, egg production, as well as crops, potatoes, and vegetables growing.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Pushkinskiye Gory is located on the highway between Novgorodka and Novorzhev. In Novgorodka, it has access to the M20 highway which connects St. Petersburg and Vitebsk via Pskov. The M20 highway crosses the western part of the district from north to south. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Pyotr Gannibal estate in the village of Petrovskoye

The district contains thirty-two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally forty-two objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[14] The majority of the federally protected monuments are grouped in and around the Mikhaylovskoye Museum Reserve, a large museum complex located in Pushkinskiye Gory and the surrounding villages. The complex is devoted to Alexander Pushkin, a Russian 19th century national poet, who owned an estate in the village of Mikhaylovskoye and spent there considerable periods of his life. He was buried in Svyatogorsky Monastery in what is currently Pushkinskiye Gory. Other monuments are archeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Рельеф Пушкиногорского района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 19, 2012. 
  10. ^ История (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева, И. С. Пожидаев, С. М. Фёдоров, К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  12. ^ Экономика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  13. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 22, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1478-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1478-OZ of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).