Putao

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This article is about the town. For the district, see Putao District. For the township, see Putao Township.
Not to be confused with Putuo.
Putao is located in Myanmar
Putao
Putao
Putao

Putao (Burmese: ပူတာအိုမြို့) is the northernmost town of Kachin State, Myanmar. It is the principal town in Putao Township. It can only be reached by road during summer (for nationals) but is accessible year round by air if there are sufficient tourist groups to justify a plane. The area around Putao is famous for the variety of endemic birds and rare orchids, which grow naturally. Many orchid lovers are especially attracted by the so-called "Black Orchid" that can be found in the mountains east and west of Putao. Hkakabo Razi and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Hkakabo Razi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.[1]

Hkakabo Razi Mountain[edit]

Hkakabo Razi Mountain and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Khakaborazi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.

Hkamti Long[edit]

Main article: Hkamti Long

Hkamti Long (also Khamti Long) is the former name of one of the outlying Shan States.[2] It was a princely state around the city of Putao settled by the Hkamti Shan people. The name means "Great Place of Gold" in the Hkamti Shan language.[3] Nowadays, there are Rawang and Lisu people which are already regarded as Kachin nationalities. The seven-day-trek to West-Putao's mountain region, in which explorers found that there are Hta Lone (Hta Rone) ethnic whose height are lower than four feet. The population of this ethnic minority is so few nowadys that they are facing the threat of being extinct. The area covered by Hkamti Long may have included parts of what is now Kachin State (where Putao is located) as well as that of Shan State.[4]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Putao is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with very high amount of precipitation throughout the monsoon season. Average temperature in January is 13.1 °C, August is the hottest month with 25.9 °C. Snow is very rare in the town, but sometimes it can snow when temperatures reach below freezing point.

Climate data for Putao
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.9
(67.8)
23.6
(74.5)
24.9
(76.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
29.3
(84.7)
28.5
(83.3)
27.5
(81.5)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
25.2
(77.4)
Average low °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
9.3
(48.7)
12.6
(54.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
21.5
(70.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22.0
(71.6)
18.4
(65.1)
12.2
(54)
8.1
(46.6)
16.0
(60.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14
(0.55)
38
(1.5)
75
(2.95)
147
(5.79)
176
(6.93)
738
(29.06)
998
(39.29)
912
(35.91)
645
(25.39)
220
(8.66)
22
(0.87)
16
(0.63)
4,001
(157.53)
Source: NOAA (1961-1990)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°19′59″N 97°25′39″E / 27.33306°N 97.42750°E / 27.33306; 97.42750