Putao

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Putao is located in Myanmar
Putao
Putao
Putao

Putao (Burmese: ပူတာအိုမြို့) is the northernmost town of Kachin State, Myanmar. It is the principal town in Putao Township. It can only be reached by road during summer (for locals), but is accessible year round by air if there are sufficient tourist groups to justify a plane. The area around Putao is famous for the variety of endemic birds and rare orchids, which grow naturally. Many orchid lovers are especially attracted by the so-called "Black Orchid" that can be found in the mountains east and west of Putao. Hkakabo Razi and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao also attracts enthusiasts, hiking to Hkakabo Razi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.[1]

A bridge on Mulashidi River in Putao Valley

Hkakabo Razi Mountain[edit]

Hkakabo Razi Mountain and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao also attracts enthusiasts, hiking to Khakaborazi base camp, located close to Tahaundam.

Hkamti Long[edit]

Hkamti Long (also known as Khamti Long) is the former name of one of the outlying Shan States.[2] It was a princely state around the city of Putao settled by the Hkamti Shan people. The name means "Great Place of Gold" in the Hkamti Shan language.[3] Nowadays, there are Rawang and Lisu people, who are already regarded as Kachin nationalities. The seven-day-trek to West-Putao's mountain region, in which explorers found that there are Hta Lone (Hta Rone) ethnic whose height are lower than four feet. The population of this ethnic minority is so few nowadys that they are facing the threat of being extinct. The area covered by Hkamti Long may have included parts of what is now Kachin State (where Putao is located) as well as that of Shan State.[4]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Putao is a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with very high amount of precipitation throughout the monsoon season. Average temperature in January is 13.1 °C, August is the hottest month with 25.9 °C.

Climate data for Putao (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
29.5
(85.1)
34.5
(94.1)
38.5
(101.3)
37.0
(98.6)
37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
36.5
(97.7)
35.0
(95.0)
35.5
(95.9)
30.5
(86.9)
26.5
(79.7)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
22.5
(72.5)
24.5
(76.1)
26.1
(79.0)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.1
(86.2)
29.5
(85.1)
28.5
(83.3)
25.6
(78.1)
21.8
(71.2)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50.0)
13.0
(55.4)
16.1
(61.0)
19.9
(67.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.2
(72.0)
19.2
(66.6)
12.8
(55.0)
8.7
(47.7)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
10.5
(50.9)
13.5
(56.3)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68.0)
17.5
(63.5)
21.9
(71.4)
11.6
(52.9)
5.0
(41.0)
1.5
(34.7)
1.5
(34.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 19.0
(0.75)
47.3
(1.86)
104.7
(4.12)
154.4
(6.08)
213.5
(8.41)
719.0
(28.31)
1,082.5
(42.62)
943.7
(37.15)
681.4
(26.83)
179.3
(7.06)
24.4
(0.96)
14.0
(0.55)
4,183.2
(164.69)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hkakabo Razi
  2. ^ Shan history Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Burma Library
  4. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hkamti Lông" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 540.
  5. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 26–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°19′59″N 97°25′39″E / 27.33306°N 97.42750°E / 27.33306; 97.42750