Puthiya Vaarpugal

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Puthiya Vaarpugal
Puthiya Vaarpugal.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBharathiraja
Screenplay byK. Bhagyaraj
Bharathiraja
Story byR. Selvaraj
Produced byBharathiraja
StarringK. Bhagyaraj
Rati Agnihotri
CinematographyP. S. Nivas
Edited byR. Bhaskaran
Music byIlaiyaraaja
Production
company
Manoj Creations
Release date
  • 14 April 1979 (1979-04-14)
Running time
143 minutes[1]
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

Puthiya Vaarpugal (transl. New Mouldings) is a 1979 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film co-written, produced and directed by Bharathiraja. The film stars K. Bhagyaraj and Rati Agnihotri, with G. Srinivasan, Goundamani, K. K. Soundar and Usharani in supporting roles. It revolves around a school teacher who falls in love with a woman in his village, their relationship is threatened by the village head.

Puthiya Vaarpugal is the acting debut of Agnihotri, and also marked the first film for Bhagyaraj as a lead actor. The film was released on 14 April 1979, and won two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards: Second Best Film and Best Dialogue Writer (Bhagyaraj). It was remade in Telugu as Kotha Jeevithalu (1981) by the same director.[2][3]

Plot[edit]

Shanmugamani arrives in the village of Thaayamangalam as the new school teacher and soon falls in love with a local damsel, Jothi. The village head, revered as "Periyavar", is a lecherous and sinister man who has a lustful eye on Jothi. Amavasai is Periyavar's stooge who also has a long-standing desire to marry Jothi. Periyavar frames Shanmugamani for the rape and murder of a woman social activist, has him evicted from the village and has Jothi married by deceit to Amavasai. He asks Amavasai and Jothi to stay with him in order to satiate his lust for Jothi. She kills Periyavar before Amavasai and Shanmugamani can. Amavasai decides to hide it from the villagers. He feels guilty for cheating and marrying her, so he removes the mangalsutra he tied and asks her to live happily with Shanmugamani. The film ends with Shanmugamani and Jothi leaving the village.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The title Puthiya Vaarpugal was derived from the short story of the same name by Jayakanthan.[5] It is the film debut of the then 16-year-old Rati Agnihotri; Bharathiraja decided on her as the lead actress after watching her performance in a school play. Agnihotri's father agreed to let her join the film after Bharathiraja promised to complete filming within a month.[6] It is also the first film for K. Bhagyaraj as lead actor.[7][8] Gangai Amaran was originally considered, but Bharathiraja later decided on Bhagyaraj.[9] According to Bharathiraja, he was not cast until the day before filming.[10] K. K. Soundar and G. Srinivasan were initially cast as the landlord and the female lead's father respectively, but switched their roles.[11] The song "Vaan Megangale" was filmed at Kumbakkarai Falls.[12] Filming was completed in 22 working days. Amaran dubbed Bhagyaraj's voice as he was unavailable for dubbing sessions due to having to attend his mother's funeral.[11]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, with lyrics by Kannadasan, Gangai Amaran and Muthulingam.[13][14] The song "Vaan Megangale" is set to the Carnatic raga Sankarabharanam,[15] "Idhayam Poguthe" is set to Keeravani,[16] and "Thamthananam Thana" is set to Shanmukhapriya.[17][18]

Track listing
No.TitleLyricsSinger(s)Length
1."Vaan Megangale"KannadasanMalaysia Vasudevan, S. Janaki4:34
2."Idhayam Poguthe"MuthulingamJency4:24
3."Thamthananam Thana"Gangai AmaranJency, B. Vasantha4:12
4."Thiruvizha Koothu"Gangai AmaranIlaiyaraaja, Gangai Amaran, Bharathiraja5:37
Total length:18:47

Release and reception[edit]

Puthiya Vaarpugal was released on 14 April 1979, during Puthandu.[19] Ananda Vikatan rated the film 59 out of 100, saying the director presented the film without deviating from the path chosen and with intelligence and fineness.[20] The film was a success, and won two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards: Second Best Film, and Best Dialogue Writer (Bhagyaraj).[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 442.
  2. ^ Sri (12 June 2010). "K.Bhaagya Raj – Chitchat". Telugucinema.com. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ Nagabhiru, Subbarao (17 July 2022). "Bharathiraja: విలక్షణంగా సాగిన భారతీరాజా". NTV (in Telugu). Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e Dhananjayan 2011, p. 26.
  5. ^ குப்புசாமி, பி.ச. (28 February 2015). "ஜெயகாந்தனோடு பல்லாண்டு 21- ஜே.கே.வும், தமிழ் சினிமாவும்!". Hindu Tamil Thisai (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 7 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  6. ^ Vijayakar, Rajiv (10 March 2000). "The return of Rati". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  7. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 59.
  8. ^ Suganth, M. (26 February 2017). "From ADs to actors in their guru's films". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 7 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  9. ^ Writer Sura | பாக்யராஜ் நடிக்க, கங்கை அமரன் குரல் தந்தார் | Vasanth TV (in Tamil). Vasanth TV. 7 September 2022. Archived from the original on 6 December 2022. Retrieved 6 December 2022 – via YouTube.
  10. ^ Pillai, Sreedhar (15 February 1984). "K. Bhagyaraj; the reigning king in the world of Madras film Hollywood". India Today. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  11. ^ a b "நான் உங்கள் ரசிகன்" [I am your fan]. Kungumam (in Tamil). 12 October 2015. Archived from the original on 8 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  12. ^ "சில்லென்று கொட்டும் கும்பக்கரை அருவி... தேனியின் முக்கிய ஷூட்டிங் ஸ்பாட்டில் எடுக்கப்பட்ட படங்கள் தெரியுமா?". News18 (in Tamil). 3 September 2022. Archived from the original on 6 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  13. ^ "Puthiya Vaarppukal Tamil Film EP Vinyl Record by Ilayaraja". Mossymart. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  14. ^ "Puthiya Vaarpugal (1979)". Raaga.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  15. ^ "15 மொழிகளில் பாடிய பாட்டரசி!". Kungumam (in Tamil). 13 July 2015. Archived from the original on 7 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  16. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 132.
  17. ^ Sundararaman 2007, p. 160.
  18. ^ Mani, Charulatha (2 September 2011). "A Raga's Journey – Sacred Shanmukhapriya". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  19. ^ "ஹீரோ, வில்லன், செகண்ட் ஹீரோ... ஒரே வருடத்தில் 3 பாக்யராஜ் படங்கள்". Hindu Tamil Thisai (in Tamil). 17 September 2019. Archived from the original on 7 December 2022. Retrieved 7 December 2022.
  20. ^ "புதிய வார்ப்புகள்". Ananda Vikatan (in Tamil). 29 April 1979. Archived from the original on 8 September 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  21. ^ Dhananjayan 2011, p. 27.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]