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Prefecture-level city
Putian Guanghua Si Shijiawenfo Ta 20120302-26.jpg
Location of Putian in Fujian
Location of Putian in Fujian
Putian is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 25°26′N 119°01′E / 25.433°N 119.017°E / 25.433; 119.017Coordinates: 25°26′N 119°01′E / 25.433°N 119.017°E / 25.433; 119.017
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
 • CPC Secretary Lin Baojin
 • Deputy Mayor Li Jianhui
 • Prefecture-level city 4,200 km2 (1,600 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 2,860,000
 • Density 680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,125,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code 351100
Area code(s) 0594
ISO 3166 code CN-FJ-03
GDP 2015[1]
 - Total CNY 167.0billion (USD 25.70billion)
 - per capita CNY 58,596 (USD 9,014)
 - Growth Increase 14.5%
License Plate Prefixes 闽B
Local variety Puxian Min
Website www.putian.gov.cn
Chinese 莆田
Postal Putien

Putian (Chinese: 莆田) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Fujian province, China. It borders Fuzhou City to the north, Quanzhou City to the south, and the Taiwan Strait's Xinghai Bay to the east.[2] The Mulan River flows through the southern part of the city.


Imperial era[edit]

Putian was first founded as an administrative area in the year of 568 as a county during the Liang Dynasty.

Putian was later re-established as a military administrative division during the Song Dynasty with the migration of Han Chinese military families and soldiers into the area from Northern China during the period.

The city greatly prospered during the Ming Dynasty.

Contemporary era[edit]


Putian's municipal executive, legislature and judiciary are in Chengxiang District (城厢区), together with the CPC and Public Security bureaux. The municipal region comprises three other districts and one county:


Languages and ethnic groups[edit]

The Han Chinese are the majority ethnic group.

Puxian Min is the largest dialect spoken in Putian. It is a dialect of Min, a Chinese language.


Putian has become an export base for Fujian products. The main industries are shoe-making, brewing, electronics, garments, fruits, vegetables, and machinery, electrical goods.[3] In particular, the area is known for high-quality counterfeits of shoes[4] and the domination of Chinese private healthcare.[5][6]


Meizhou Island, most famous for being the legendary birthplace of the goddess Matsu, is located closely offshore of Putian.

College and universities[edit]



  1. ^ a b 莆田市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Putian Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  2. ^ Litchi City Putian Archived 2011-05-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ China today Archived 2007-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Schmidle, Nicholas (2010-08-19). "Inside the Knockoff-Tennis-Shoe Factory". New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  5. ^ "The Putian phenomenon". Week in China. HSBC. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Baidu's "moral dilemma" – How a Cancer Case aroused National Attention". China Spoon. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 5 May 2016.

External links[edit]