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Putin khuilo!

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Putin khuilo! song
"Putin khuylo!" graffiti in Luhansk
Vladimir Putin

"Putin – khuilo!" (Ukrainian: Пу́тін - хуйло́; IPA: [ˈputʲin xʊi̯ˈlɔ], Russian: Пу́тин - хуйло́; IPA: [ˈputʲɪn xʊjˈlo], a commonly used English translation: Putin is a dickhead)[1] is a Ukrainian- and Russian-language slogan deriding Russian President Vladimir Putin. The slogan was originated in Ukraine in 2014 having grown from a football chant first performed by FC Metalist Kharkiv ultras in March 2014 on the onset of the Russian annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Ukraine. The phrase has become very widespread throughout Ukraine among supporters of the Ukrainian government and more generally those who do not like Russia or Vladimir Putin in both Russian-speaking and Ukrainian-speaking areas of Ukraine.

Language and meaning[edit]

"ПТН X̆ЛО" (PTN KHLO) made of stickers "Do not buy Russian goods!"

The obscene term (Russian mat ) хуйло́ is variously transliterated as huilo, huylo, khuilo, khuylo, or xujlo. Its core is хуй (khuy), literally "dick" in both Russian and Ukrainian. In combination with "-lo" it may be translated as "dickwad", "dickhead" or "prick". The words are identical in Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian. In West Slavic, the word does not exist, although Polish and Slovak does have chuj; Polish transliterates хуйло as chujło.

In May 2014, media outlets reported that the Russian profanity khuilo had been added to the Urban Dictionary as a synonym for Vladimir Putin.[2][3][4][5][6]

The expression, for the reason of circumventing censorship, may be abbreviated as "птн x̆ло" (ptn kh̆lo). (The letter is an overlay of the Cyrillic letters х, у and й, a well-known joke about "a new Russian letter".[7][unreliable source?]) Another abbreviation containing a similarly suggestive meaning is "ПТН ПНХ" (PTN PNKh), which stands for "Путин, пошёл на хуй" (Putin, poshol na khuy, which is similar to "Putin, go fuck yourself", which could be rendered in English as "PTN GFY").[8]

History[edit]

The chant has its origins in "Surkis Khuylo!", a football chant that was initiated by the ultras of FC Metalist Kharkiv some time in 2010, during the height of a feud between two Ukrainian oligarchs, Oleksandr Yaroslavsky, then-owner of "Metalist", and Hryhoriy Surkis, then-president of the Football Federation of Ukraine who had strong historic and family ties with FC Dynamo Kyiv.[9] The Kharkiv fans, who sided with their club president, chanted "Surkis Khuylo!" to express their dislike of the Football Federation president in vulgar and profane form.

The first recorded public performance of the "Putin khuylo!" chant and the song that grew from it took place in March 2014 in Kharkiv when the local fans chanted it during their street march. The recording was soon posted to YouTube where it went viral.[10] Various groups of Ukrainian ultras of all major Ukrainian clubs except one have been historically holding strong pro-Ukrainian, sometimes nationalistic, political views and on the onset of the Russian annexation of Crimea and military intervention in Ukraine combined with Russia-incited anti-Ukrainian violence in the East and South of Ukraine, when the city of Kharkiv was in turmoil, the football fans immediately and unequivocally sided with Ukraine in its conflict with Russia.[11][12] Soon the song that vulgarly derided Putin gained much wider popularity, spreading among other clubs, such as the fans of Shakhtar Donetsk (Donetsk) and Dynamo Kyiv (Kiev), who were formerly feuding but sang the song together.[11][13] During the Russian intervention and partial occupation of Ukraine,[nb 1] the ultras of various Ukrainian clubs set aside their rivalries and chanted the song in joint street marches.[9] The chant continued to grow in popularity and became "a nationwide cultural meme" according to The Guardian.[17] Alexander J. Motyl reported, "A shorthand, more modest version of the lyrics has even entered the popular discourse. If you want to express your views of Putin, all you need do is say 'la-la la-la la-la', and everything's quite clear."[18]

Artemy Troitsky identified the melody of the chant[19] as coming from the song "Speedy Gonzales", a hit for American singer Pat Boone in 1962.

In June 2015 Russian Federal Security Service started criminal prosecution and investigation of activist Daria Poludova for using the song in social network VK.[20]

In mainstream rock music[edit]

Several Ukrainian mainstream rock music bands included or adapted the chant into their music. A metal remix, released on April 21, 2014 by AstrogentA, added instrumentation and reworked the video of the March 30 protest chant to depict its spread throughout Ukrainian football clubs.[21] The Ukrainian band Teleri received international attention following the May 6, 2014 release of a song and a video titled "Putin Hello!" Their song uses a double entendre, substituting the objectionable word "khuylo" with the English word "Hello!" Alluding to the "Putin Khuylo!" chant, the video features band players wearing Ukrainian football club colors and posing as ultras marching and chanting "Putin Hello" as the refrain of the song. The band members asserted, tongue-in-cheek, that the linking of their song to an offensive anti-Putin chant was a misunderstanding and insisted that the only people who found the chant objectionable were Russians unfamiliar with English.[22]

Hromadske.TV aired a live performance of the song by Lemonchiki Project on May 29, 2014.[23] The rock band Druha Rika performed the song at their concert on June 13, 2014.[24] Other rock adaptations were made by Mad Heads[25][26] and Haydamaky.[27] The Kyiv Post reviewed nine video versions of the song and two other related songs.[28]

References by notable Ukrainian politicians[edit]

Oleh Lyashko[edit]

Oleh Lyashko, a Ukrainian MP and leader of the country's Radical Party, performed a song in May 2014 at a public rally during his 2014 presidential campaign.[29]

Andrii Deshchytsya[edit]

Andrii Deshchytsia

Hromadske.TV aired a footage showing Andrii Deshchytsia, then-acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine,[1][30][31] uttering the word "khuylo" in reference to the Russian President Putin during his plea with protesters in front of the Russian Embassy in Kiev on the evening of 14 June 2014 following the Ukrainian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 shoot-down by the Russia-armed rebels. Deshchytsya pleaded the protesters to refrain from violence directed at the Embassy that would cause a bigger diplomatic scandal. Deshchytsia stated: "He (Putin) is a khuylo, but - disperse, please!" Shortly afterward, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko nominated a different diplomat to lead the Foreign Affairs ministry.[32] According to the Ukrainian media, the presidential plan to replace the minister was known prior to the incident,[33] being proposed as part of a bigger reshuffle in the Ukrainian government. Soon after, Poroshenko praised the work of Deshchytsia, who was then leaving his ministerial position, and the parliament gave the outgoing minister a standing ovation.[34]

Deshchytsia's use of the wording caused widespread discontent among the Russian leadership.[1] However, Geoffrey Pyatt, the US ambassador to Ukraine, wrote on Twitter that minister Deshchytsia's use of the chant had been "seeking to defuse a dangerous situation", calling Deshchytsia "a skilled diplomat and credit to Ukraine."[1]

Arsen Avakov[edit]

On July 2, 2014, Arsen Avakov who was a Ukrainian Minister of Internal Affairs, one of the country's major security agencies, published a Facebook post with a photo he took that showed a bus stop near Sloviansk covered by a "Putin Khuilo!" graffiti.[35] The minister post included his comment to the picture saying: "A private opinion some place near Slovyansk. Aligning myself."[36] A week later, on July 9, 2014, Avakov met the troops of the Kyiv-1 Special Police force battalion. After the traditional drill exchange of "Glory to Ukraine!" greeting followed by the customary "To Heroes, Glory!" response, Avakov exclaimed "Putin!" to which the troops responded "khuylo!"[37] The minister was clearly happy with the response and gave a "Vol'no!" ("at ease!") drill command.

International reception[edit]

In October 2014, Belarusians joined visiting Ukrainians in a performance of the chant by "nearly the entire stadium" at a UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying match in Barysaw, Belarus resulting in more than 100 Ukrainian and 30 Belarusian football fans being detained and questioned, reportedly on suspicion of using "obscene language".[38] Seven, all Ukrainian, were sentenced to five days in jail for obscene language, while one was given 10 day sentence for allegedly wearing a swastika.[39]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Russia has denied supporting the pro-Russian militia forces of the 2014 insurgency in Donbass;[14] but on 17 April 2014, Russian president Vladimir Putin admitted that Russian troops were active in Crimea during the March 2014 Crimean referendum that asked if Crimeans wanted to secede from Ukraine to join Russia, claiming this facilitated self-determination for the peninsula.[15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Ukraine minister's abusive remarks about Putin spark diplomatic row". The Guardian. June 15, 2014. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Статья Путин "huylo" появилась в американском словаре сленга" (in Russian). MR7. May 30, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Благодаря песне про Путина в английском языке появилось слово "huylo"" [Thanks to the chant about Putin, the word "huylo" appeared in English language] (in Russian). Vlasti.net. June 17, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Американський словник згадав Путіна, пояснюючи слово "huylo"". Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). May 30, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Слово Huylo вошло в словарь английского сленга Urban Dictionary". Gazeta.ua (in Russian). May 29, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Путин попал в американский словарь сленга" [Putin appeared in American slang dictionary]. BelGazeta (in Russian). June 2, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Новые буквы русского алфавита" (New Letters of Russian Alphabet), Sergey Muratov, Samizdat Magazine
  8. ^ http://fakty.ictv.ua/ru/index/read-news/id/1514470
  9. ^ a b Украинские ультрас: глобальное перемирие (in Russian). Українська правда. Життя. May 19, 2014. Archived from the original on August 28, 2014. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ Anna T. (March 30, 2014). "Это Харьков,детка! "Пу#ин х#йло!" ФК Металлист+Шахтер". YouTube. 
  11. ^ a b Adam Taylor (June 16, 2014). "‘Khuilo’: The offensive term that has attached itself to Putin". Washington Post. 
  12. ^ "Ukraine crisis timeline". BBC News Online. July 5, 2014. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ Shishkin, Philip (May 24, 2014). "Soccer Foes Join Forces on the Front Lines of Ukraine Crisis". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  14. ^ "UN Conclusions Disprove Claims Against Russia Over Ukrainian Crisis - Moscow". RIA Novosti. August 1, 2014. Archived from the original on August 1, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  15. ^ Kathy Lally (April 17, 2014). "Putin’s remarks raise fears of future moves against Ukraine". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  16. ^ "President of Russia". Eng.kremlin.ru. June 1, 2010. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  17. ^ Alec Luhn (July 6, 2014). "Donetsk becomes a ghost town as fearful residents flee conflict". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ Motyl, Alexander J. (2 June 2014). "Bawdy Lyrics Mock Putin in Ukraine". World Affairs. 
  19. ^ Ольга Бычкова (June 18, 2014). "Особое мнение: Артемий Троицкий" [Special opinion: Artemy Troitsky (An interview with Artemy Troitsky)] (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  20. ^ Activist Darya Polyudovoy was sued for anti-Putin song (Russian), by Novaya Gazeta, 26.06.2015
  21. ^ путин - ху*ло. Украинская народная (рок-версия) on YouTube
  22. ^ "Песня "Путин, hello" группы "Телери" взорвала интернет (видео)". Podrobnosti. Ukraine. May 6, 2014. Archived from the original on June 18, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014. 
  23. ^ В эфире украинского канала исполнили знаменитый хит о Путине [Ukrainian channel showed live performance of famous hit about Putin] (in Russian). Big Mir. June 16, 2014. Archived from the original on June 18, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  24. ^ Группа Друга Ріка представила рок-версию знаменитого хита о Путине [Druga Rika Group presented a rock version of the famous hit about Putin] (in Russian). Big Mir. June 16, 2014. Archived from the original on June 18, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  25. ^ ПТН-ХЛО от "Мед Хедс". Мотофест "Тарасова Гора - 2014 on YouTube
  26. ^ «Друга Ріка», «Mad Heads» и Кузьма Скрябин спели на концертах хит про Путина.
  27. ^ Белорусы на рок-фестивале «Басовище» пели известный хит о Путине. Наша Ніва
  28. ^ Goncharova, Olena (July 11, 2014). "Kharkiv, with new anti-Russian song, becomes capital of anti-Putin music (VIDEO)". Kyiv Post. Archived from the original on July 11, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Олег Ляшко заспівав новий український хіт" [Oleg Lyashko sang the new Ukrainian hit]. YouTube. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  30. ^ Max Seddon. "Top Ukrainian Diplomat Calls Putin A "Dickhead"". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on June 16, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  31. ^ Глава украинской дипломатии выступил на митинге [Head of Ukrainian diplomacy spoke at the rally] (in Russian). News Balt. June 15, 2014. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  32. ^ Порошенко предложил уволить Дещицу с поста главы МИД [Poroshenko proposed that Deshchytsa be removed from the post of Foreign Minister] (in Russian). Vesti. June 18, 2014. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Песню украинского комментатора о Путине на YouTube посмотрели уже более полумиллиона раз" (in Russian). Новое время. June 23, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  34. ^ Как депутаты увольняли Дещицу стоячей овацией [How the deputies were dismissing Deshchyrsia with a standing ovation] (in Ukrainian). ICTV (Ukraine). June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  35. ^ https://www.facebook.com/arsen.avakov.1/posts/661914183898691
  36. ^ http://ru.tsn.ua/ukrayina/avakov-solidaren-s-mneniem-chto-putin-h-ylo-374651.html
  37. ^ http://ru.tsn.ua/politika/voennye-v-slavyanske-vstretili-avakova-prizyvom-putin-h-ylo-video-376161.html
  38. ^ "Belarus: 100 fans held for Putin song at Euro 2016 game". BBC News. 10 October 2014. 
  39. ^ Belarus: Football fans jailed for anti-Putin chant, BBC News, 10 October 2014

External links[edit]