Putlog hole

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Putlog holes in Cardiff castle

Putlog holes or putlock holes[1] are small holes made in the walls of structures to receive the ends of poles (small round logs) or beams, called putlogs or putlocks, to support a scaffolding.[2] Putlog holes may extend through a wall to provide staging on both sides of the wall.

A historically common type of scaffolding, putlog holes date from ancient Roman buildings. The term putlock and the newer term putlog date from the 17th century[3] and are still used today.[4] Putlogs may be supported on the outer ends by vertical poles (standards), cantilevered by one end being firmly embedded in the wall, or cantilevered by penetrating the wall to provide scaffolds on both sides. Putlogs may be sawn off flush with the wall if they cannot be removed,[5] but exterior putlog holes are typically filled in as the scaffold is removed to prevent water from entering the walls. Interior putlog holes may be left open, particularly if not in a finished space.

The inconsequential size and the spacing of the holes meant that they did not affect the solidity of the walls, and in well-preserved castles, like Beaumaris, the ancient putlog holes can be seen to this day.

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  1. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/putlog
  2. ^ Putlog holes. In: Weyer, Angela; Roig Picazo, Pilar; Pop, Daniel; Cassar, JoAnn; Özköse, Aysun; Vallet, Jean-Marc; Srša, Ivan, eds. (2015). EwaGlos. European Illustrated Glossary Of Conservation Terms For Wall Paintings And Architectural Surfaces. English Definitions with translations into Bulgarian, Croatian, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Romanian, Spanish and Turkish. Petersberg: Michael Imhof. p. 122. doi:10.5165/hawk-hhg/233. 
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0)© Oxford University Press 2009. Putlog, putlock, n.
  4. ^ Chudley, R., and Roger Greeno. Building construction handbook. 8th ed. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann, 2010. 140-144. Print.
  5. ^ Adam, Jean Pierre. Roman building: materials and techniques. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994. 151-152. Print.