Putnam County, Georgia
|Putnam County, Georgia|
Putnam County courthouse in Eatonton
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 10, 1807|
|Named for||Israel Putnam|
|• Total||361 sq mi (935 km2)|
|• Land||345 sq mi (894 km2)|
|• Water||16 sq mi (41 km2), 4.4%|
|• Density||62/sq mi (24/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Since the early 21st century, the county has seen a housing boom due to its proximity to Lake Oconee, as well as major employment centers such as Atlanta, Athens, and Macon.
Putnam County is named in honor of Israel Putnam, a hero of the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War. It began to be settled after the war, as migrants moved down from the Upper South. The County was created on December 10, 1807 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly.
The county was developed for cotton cultivation, where plantations were dependent on the field labor of numerous African-American slaves. African Americans still comprise more than 40 percent of the county population, even after thousands left during the Great Migration of the first half of the 20th century.
Putnam County is home to the nationally known Dairy Festival.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 361 square miles (930 km2), of which 345 square miles (890 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (4.4%) is water. Putnam is in the Oconee River basin.
- Morgan County (north)
- Greene County (northeast)
- Hancock County (east)
- Baldwin County (southeast)
- Jones County (southwest)
- Jasper County (west)
National protected area
- Oconee National Forest (part)
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,812 people, 7,402 households, and 5,477 families residing in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 10,319 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 51.45% White, 41.90% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 2.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,402 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,956, and the median income for a family was $43,262. Males had a median income of $30,900 versus $21,823 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,161. About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.
The Putnam County Charter School System serves the community.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Putnam County, Georgia
- Rock Eagle Effigy Mound
- Rock Hawk Effigy Mound
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Morgan County||Greene County|
|Jasper County||Hancock County|
|Jones County||Baldwin County|