Putney (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Putney in Greater London
|Electorate||62,153 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Fleur Anderson (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Wandsworth (abolished, divided into four)|
1918–1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth wards of Putney and Southfields.
1950–1974: As above plus Fairfield ward.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Wandsworth wards of East Putney, Parkside, Roehampton, Southfields, Thamesfield, West Hill, and West Putney.
2010–present: As above less Parkside ward.
When created in 1918 the constituency was carved out of the west of the abolished seat Wandsworth. The rest of the latter formed Wandsworth Central, Balham and Tooting and Streatham. Putney formed one of the divisions of the Parliamentary Borough of Wandsworth.
- Political history
The seat was Conservative from 1918 until 1964, in a national context of Labour marginal wins in the 1920s, the landslide Labour victory in 1945 and the narrower Labour win in 1950. After the Labour win of 1964, the fairly narrow Heath ministry win of 1970 failed to tip the seat back to the Conservative Party, and the seat was held by Labour for 15 years with Hugh Jenkins as MP.
Putney was next held by Conservative Secretary of State for National Heritage David Mellor from 1979 until 1997 during the party's successive national governments; the 1997 Labour landslide saw Putney gained by Tony Colman (Lab) and a signal early-declared result as the landslide unfolded.[n 2]
Putney was the first Conservative gain on election night in 2005, when Justine Greening took back the seat from Labour on a two-party swing (Lab-Con) of 6.5%. The 2015 result gave the seat the 148th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority, similar to the 2010 result. The 2017 election saw Greening re-elected, but with a 10% swing to Labour; this heavy swing against the Conservatives has been attributed to the fact that the Borough of Wandsworth (of which Putney is part) voted 75% in favour of remaining in the European Union in the previous year's referendum. In 2019, it was the only seat in the country gained by Labour.
The majority of the area as in the 19th century is covered by mid-to-high income neighbourhoods whereas the eastern boundary of the seat eating into Wandsworth town centre is more mixed, and Roehampton which has its University (University of Roehampton and part of the Kingston University campus) consists of, in terms of housing, by a small majority, a diverse council stock that owing to its cost has only fractionally been acquired under the Right to Buy — much of this ward remains in one form or another reliant on social housing.
The local council is not a bellwether of who will win the Putney seat, and for a considerable time has imposed the lowest council tax in the country. Between 1997 and 2005 Putney had a unique attribute of being the only seat in the country where every single component ward elected a full slate of Conservative councillors, yet the constituency had a Labour MP, Tony Colman.
In the 2016 EU Referendum, Putney voted 72.24% to Remain.
Members of Parliament
|1918||Samuel Samuel||Coalition Conservative|
|1934 by-election||Marcus Samuel||Conservative|
|1942 by-election||Sir Hugh Linstead||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Sue Wixley||8,548||16.9||+5.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Ryan Mercer||5,448||11.6||+5.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Andrew Hallett||2,717||6.3||−10.6|
|Animal Welfare||Guy Dessoy||184||0.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||James Sandbach||6,907||16.9||+0.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jeremy Ambache||5,965||16.3||+2.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+6.50|
|Liberal Democrats||Anthony Burrett||4,671||13.6||+2.9|
|ProLife Alliance||Yvonne Windsor||185||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Russell Pyne||4,739||10.8||+1.2|
|Happiness Stan's Freedom to Party||Lenny Beige (AKA Steve Furst)||101||0.2||N/A|
|Sportsman's Alliance: Anything but Mellor||Michael Yardley||90||0.2||N/A|
|Natural Law||John Small||66||0.2||−0.1|
|Independently Beautiful Party||Ateeka Poole||49||0.1||N/A|
|Renaissance Democrat||Dorian Van Braam||7||0.02||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-11.2|
|Liberal Democrats||John Martyn||4,636||9.6||-2.8|
|Natural Law||Paul Levy||139||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|National Front||Michael Connolly||290||0.6||-0.8|
|Socialist (GB)||Leonard Chalk||88||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||James Webster||685||1.4||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.6|
|More Prosperous Britain||Thomas Keen||125||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.6|
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||Michael Francis Burns||6,166||10.7||N/A|
|Labour Co-op||Bernard Bagnari||21,774||42.9||-1.3|
|Labour Co-op||Eric Hutchison||23,489||44.17||+2.93|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour||Percy D. Stewart||12,469||37.0||+5.1|
|Common Wealth||Richard Acland||2,686||8.0||N/A|
|Liberal||Isaac Joseph Hyam||2,041||6.1||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Eleonora Tennant||144||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour||Andrew Aiken Watson||10,895||31.9||+13.5|
|Independent||Violet Van der Elst||1,021||3.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1920s
|Independent Unionist||Cyril Prescott-Decie||5,556||27.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- A televised verbal argument occurred between Mellor and Referendum Party candidate Sir James Goldsmith, who held contrasting views on European integration, during Mellor's vote of thanks to the public on his defeat as one of the early declared results in 1997.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Rodgers, Sienna (16 December 2019). "Labour gained just one seat - but many more fresh faces". LabourList. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
- Booth's Poverty Map of London 1898–99 See Gold/yellow and Red categorisations
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- 'Council Tax in England to Rise by Record Low'BBC News 24 March 2010
- "Election 2017 dashboard". Democratic Dashboard.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)
- "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
- "Putney parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Council, Wandsworth. "Putney Constituency - Parliamentary election results May 2015 - Wandsworth Council". www.wandsworth.gov.uk.
- "Wandsworth Green Party". Archived from the original on 20 September 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2014.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 2010". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results May 2005". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Putney: General Election result, June 2001". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Putney: General Election result, May 1997". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Political Science Resourcess. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 30 June 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results May 1979". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 27 January 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results June 1970". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 16 June 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results March 1966". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results October 1964". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results October 1959". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results May 1955". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.
- "UK General Election results October 1951". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951.
- "UK General Election results February 1950". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results July 1945". Political Science Resources. Richard Kimber. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 58. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)