The lakes such as the Dyupkun are large and form whole ecosystems, which spread over lots of tens of kilometers. “Putorana” is from the native language of the Evenks and translates to “the country of lakes with steep banks”. There are more than 25,000 lakes, which are between 180–420 meters deep, and together they form the second largest store of fresh water in Russia by capacity after Lake Baikal.
The Putorana Nature Reserve (ru), established in 1988 and administered from Norilsk, covers some 1,887,251 hectares (4,663,500 acres) with a buffer zone of 1,773,300 hectares (4,382,000 acres). It was set up to protect the world's largest herd of reindeer as well as snow sheep.
In July 2010, the Putorana Reserve was inscribed on the World Heritage List as "a complete set of subarctic and arctic ecosystems in an isolated mountain range, including pristine taiga, forest tundra, tundra and arctic desert systems, as well as untouched cold-water lake and river systems".
Location of the Putorana Plateau in Siberia
A bird's-eye view
Putorana is one of the most remote and pristine areas of Russia