Kelana Jaya line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Putra LRT)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kelana Jaya Line
 5 
Rapid KL (brand)
150701 Rapid KL - Kelana Jaya Line ART Mark II train.jpg
Overview
Native name Laluan Kelana Jaya
Type Light rapid transit
System Rapid KL - LRT KL System 2 (LRT2)
Status Fully Operational
Locale Klang Valley
Termini  KJ1  Gombak
 KJ37  Putra Heights
Stations 37 [2]
Services i) GombakPutra Heights
ii) GombakAra Damansara
Daily ridership 254,854 (2017)[1]
Ridership 93.021 million (2017)
Line number  5  (ruby)
Website myrapid.com.my
Operation
Opened Phase 1 Subang Depot - Pasar Seni
1 September 1998; 19 years ago (1998-09-01)
Phase 2 Pasar Seni - Gombak
1 June 1999; 18 years ago (1999-06-01)
Last extension Kelana Jaya - Putra Heights
30 June 2016; 14 months ago (2016-06-30)
Owner Prasarana Malaysia Berhad
Operator(s) Rapid Rail Sdn Bhd
Character Mostly elevated
Subsurface station(s): Sri Rampai
Underground station(s): Ampang Park - Masjid Jamek
Depot(s) Subang Depot
Rolling stock Bombardier Innovia Metro 200 & 300
266 carriages; 2-car & 4-car trainsets
Width: 2.65 m (8 ft 8 in)
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft) & 33.7 m (111 ft)
Technical
Line length 46.4 km (28.8 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge Standard gauge
Electrification Fourth railLinear induction motor
Operating speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
Route map
GKLKV Integrated Transit Map -KwongTN.svg

The LRT Kelana Jaya line is the fifth rail transit line and the first fully automated and driverless rail system in the Klang Valley area and forms a part of the Greater KL/Klang Valley Integrated Transit System. Servicing 37 stations, the line has 46.4 km of grade-separated tracks running mostly on underground and elevated guideways. Formerly known as the PUTRA LRT, it is currently operated by Rapid Rail, a subsidiary of Prasarana Malaysia. The line is numbered 5 and coloured ruby on the official transit map.

Line information[edit]

Stations[edit]

The line runs from Putra Heights through Kelana Jaya to Gombak, serving the Subang Jaya and Petaling Jaya regions to the south; southwest and central Kuala Lumpur, and Kuala Lumpur City Centre to the centre; and low density residential areas further north. At 46.4 km in length, it is one of the longest fully automated driverless metro lines in the world.

The stations are given in a north-south direction, consists primarily of elevated stops and a handful of underground and at-grade stations. Of the 37 stations, 31 are elevated, Sri Rampai lies at ground level, and 5 stops (Masjid Jamek, Dangi Wangi, Kampung Baru, KLCC and Ampang Park) are underground.

The stations, like those of the Ampang and Sri Petaling Lines, are styled in several types of architectural designs. Elevated stations, in most parts, were constructed in four major styles with distinctive roof designs for specific portions of the line. KL Sentral station, added later, features a design more consistent with the Stesen Sentral station building. Underground stations, however, tend to feature unique concourse layout and vestibules, and feature floor-to-ceiling platform screen doors to prevent platform-to-track intrusions. 13 stations (including two terminal stations and the five subway stations) utilise a single island platform, while 11 others utilize two side platforms. Stations with island platforms allow easy interchange between north-bound and south-bound trains without requiring one to walk down/up to the concourse level.

The stations were built to support disabled passengers, with elevators and wheelchair lifts alongside escalators and stairways between the levels. The stations have platform gaps smaller than 5 cm to allow easy access for the disabled and wheelchair users. They are able to achieve this with:

  • Tracks that are non-ballasted, lessening rail and train movements.
  • Trains that have direct rubber suspension, lessening train body movements.
  • Trains that do not rapidly run through stations.
  • Stations that have straight platforms.

The stations on the Kelana Jaya line are the earliest rapid transit stations in the Klang Valley designed to provide a degree of accessibility for handicapped users. In contrast, handicapped-friendly facilities for the Ampang Line and Sri Petaling were installed beginning in 2012.

The stations have closed-circuit security cameras for security purposes.

Station list[edit]

Code Name Platform type Position Parking Bays Interchange/Notes
 KJ1  Gombak Terminus (Island) Elevated 1,441

Formerly known as Terminal PUTRA. A new leveled carpark was built next to the station named 'Kompleks Parkir Bertingkat LRT Gombak', which can only be accessed using the MyRapid card.

The station will be as a part of the Integrated Transport Terminal (ITT) Gombak in 2019 and it is proposed to be a future interchange station with the terminal of the  ECR East Coast Rail Link Phase 1 in July 2024.

 KJ2  Taman Melati Side Elevated Parking by DBKL
 KJ3  Wangsa Maju Island Elevated Parking by DBKL
 KJ4  Sri Rampai Side Subsurface Not Available
 KJ5  Setiawangsa Island Elevated 125
 KJ6  Jelatek Side Elevated 292
 KJ7  Dato' Keramat Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ8  Damai Island Elevated Not Available
 KJ9  Ampang Park Island Underground Not Available Proposed interchange with  12  Sungai Buloh–Serdang–Putrajaya Line
 KJ10  KLCC Island Underground Not Available
 KJ11  Kampung Baru Island Underground Not Available
 KJ12  Dang Wangi Island Underground Not Available 350 meter walking distance exit paid area station to  MR8  Bukit Nanas for  8  KL Monorail.
 KJ13  SP7  AG7  Masjid Jamek Island Underground Not Available Exit to  3  Ampang Line and  4  Sri Petaling Line elevated platforms.
 KJ14  SBK16  Pasar Seni Island Elevated Not Available Exit to  9  Sungai Buloh–Kajang Line underground platform and walking distance of 250 meter exit paid area station to  KA02  Kuala Lumpur for  1  Seremban Line &  2  Port Klang Line and a 2.6 km walk to  MR3  Maharajalela for the  8  KL Monorail. The bus hubs below the station for buses route to Kajang, Petaling Jaya, Subang, Shah Alam & Klang.
 KJ15  KL Sentral Side Elevated Not Available

Exit paid area station to  1  Seremban Line &  2  Port Klang Line,  6  KLIA Ekspres,  7  KLIA Transit, 200 meter walking distance to  MR1  KL Sentral Monorail for  8  KL Monorail & and 650 meter walking distance to  SBK15  Muzium Negara for  9  Sungai Buloh–Kajang Line.

 KJ16  Bank Rakyat–Bangsar Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ17  KD01  Abdullah Hukum Side Elevated Not Available Exit paid area station to upcoming  KD01  Eco City station for  2  Port Klang Line. The proposed station will be built beside the existing Abdullah Hukum LRT station. The KL Eco City will also be developed as a transit hub with the proposed  13  Circle Line.
 KJ18  Kerinchi Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ19  KL Gateway–Universiti Island Elevated Not Available
 KJ20  Taman Jaya Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ21  Asia Jaya Island Elevated Parking by MPSJ
 KJ22  Taman Paramount Side Elevated 68
 KJ23  Taman Bahagia Side Elevated Parking by MPSJ
 KJ24  Kelana Jaya Island Elevated 482

The station is served by buses and taxis. Long-term vehicle parking is also available.

 KJ25  Lembah Subang Side Elevated Not Available The station is located on top of the existing Lembah Subang depot reception track ramp. Feeder Bus  T807  MRT Surian  to  9  Sungai Buloh–Kajang Line.
 KJ26  Ara Damansara Island Elevated 817 Terminal station for peak hour train service between Gombak and Ara Damansara.
 KJ27  CGC-Glenmarie Island Elevated 569 Interchange station to under construction of  11  Bandar Utama–Klang Line.
 KJ28  KD09  Subang Jaya Island Elevated Parking by KTMB Exit paid area station platform to  2  Port Klang Line platforms.
 KJ29  SS15 Island Elevated Not Available
 KJ30  SS18 Island Elevated Not Available
 KJ31  SB7  USJ7 Island Elevated Not Available Interchange with  B1  BRT Sunway Line.
 KJ32  Taipan Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ33  Wawasan Side Elevated Not Available
 KJ34  USJ21 Side Elevated 694
 KJ35  Alam Megah Island Elevated 196
 KJ36  Subang Alam Island Elevated 115
 KJ37  SP31  Putra Heights Terminus (Island & Side) Elevated 452 Cross-platform interchange to  4  Sri Petaling Line.

Gallery of stations[edit]

Extensions[edit]

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the western end would be extended to the suburbs of Subang Jaya which are USJ and Putra Heights to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The extension will be part of a RM10 billion plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network.

The expansion plan will also see the Sri Petaling Line extended to the suburbs of Puchong and the south-west of Kuala Lumpur The plan also involved the construction of an entirely new line, tentatively called the Kota Damansara–Cheras line, running from Kota Damansara in the western portion of the city, to Cheras which lies to the south-east of Kuala Lumpur.

As of August 2008, Syarikat Prasarana Negara was reportedly running land and engineering studies for the proposed extension.[3]

In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara began displaying the alignment of the proposed extensions over a 3-month period for feedback. The Kelana Jaya extension will see 13 new stations over 17 km from Kelana Jaya to Putra Heights. Construction is expected to commence in early 2010.[4][5][6][7]

On November 2010, Prasarana announced that it has awarded RM1.7 billion for first phase of the project. The winners include Trans Resource Corp Bhd for the Kelana Jaya line extension. UEM Builders Bhd and Intria Bina Sdn Bhd were appointed as subcontractors for the fabrication and supply of segmental box girder jobs for the Kelana Jaya line.[8]

Construction works on the Kelana Jaya line and the Sri Petaling line extension project are targeted to escalate at the end of March, with commencement of structural works, subject to approval from state government and local authorities.[9]

As of 2014, completion of the extension is targeted for 2016.[10] Refer to the previous table in #Line and Station section above.

On 14 April 2016, Prasarana Malaysia confirmed in a media release that the Kelana line extension will be fully operating on 30 June 2016. [11]

Rolling stock[edit]

A 2-car ART Mark II train (before refurbishment)
The new Bombardier Innovia Metro 300 for Kelana Jaya line

The rolling stock, in use since the opening of the line in 1998, consists of 35 Innovia Metro 200 (ART) trains[4][12] with related equipment and services supplied by the Bombardier Group and train electronics company Quester Tangent. They consist of two-electric multiple units, which serve as either a driving car or trailer car depending on its direction of travel. The trains utilise linear motors and draw power from a third rail located at the side of the steel rails. The plating in between the running rails is used for accelerating and decelerating the train. The reaction plate is semi-magnetised, which pulls the train along as well as helps it to slow down.

The ART is completely automated and operates without drivers, stopping at stations for a limited amount of time. Nevertheless, manual override control panels are provided at each end of the trains for use in an event of an emergency. The technology is essentially identical to that of the Vancouver SkyTrain, which operates in very similar environments.

The interior of the ART, like its Ampang and Sri Petaling Line counterparts, consists of plastic seating aligned sideways towards the sides of the train, with spacing for passengers on wheelchair, and spacing in the middle for standing occupants. Since its launch in 1998, the ART rolling stock has remained relatively unchanged; only more holding straps have been added and the labeling has been modified from Putra-LRT to RapidKL. Some of the rolling stock has the majority of the seats removed for added passenger capacity during rush hours.

On 13 October 2006, Syarikat Prasarana Negara signed an agreement with Bombardier Hartasuma Consortium for the purchase of 88 Mark II ART cars (22 train sets of 4-cars) with an option for another 13 for RM1.2 billion.[13] The 22 train sets, initially targeted to be delivered from August 2008 onwards, will have four cars each and will boost the carrying capacity of the fleet by 1,500 people. On 8 October 2007, Syarikat Prasarana Negara exercised its option to purchase an additional 52 Mark II ART cars (13 train sets of 4-cars) for 71 million, expected to be delivered in 2010[citation needed].

Although the trains were expected to arrive in August 2008, the delivery was delayed to November 2008 by the manufacturer. Rapid Rail said that the trains will only be usable by September 2009 after having sufficient rolling stocks, power line upgrades and safety testing.[14] Transport Minister, Datuk Seri Ong Tee Keat has said in Parliament that the new trains will begin operations by December 2009.[15] However, in July 2009, Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak announced that the four-car trains will only be fully operational by end-2012.[16]

On 30 December 2009, 3 of the 35 new four-car trains entered commercial service.[17] New features other than increased capacity up to 950 passengers per trip are seat belts for wheel-chair bound travelers, door alarm lights for hearing impaired and more handles for standing commuters.[18]

Starting from June 2016 under the Kuala Lumpur Additional Vehicle programme, the new generation Bombardier Innovia Metro 300 began to be deployed. Each driverless train features a new design for the end caps and curved sidewall structure, with a bigger and more open interior. All trains come in a four-car configuration, with each car accommodating up to 220 passengers. They are equipped with Linear Induction Motor (LIM) propulsion technology which allows for operation on tighter curves, with less noise and greatly reduced wheel and track wear. Low energy consumption is realised through a combination of lightweight aluminium carshells and LIM propulsion system. Furthermore, the vehicle’s regenerative braking enables the reuse of energy released during braking. The aisles and walk-through gangways are also wider when compared with the previous fleet. Other than that, the trains are also equipped with 16 onboard camera each, infotainment LCD screens, dynamic route maps, better air-conditioning and bigger windows. With the new trains, the line can increase its capacity by 20 to 30 per cent.[19][20][21][22]

Fleet Details[edit]

The Kelana Jaya line fleet consisted of the following models:

The old RM10 banknote of the 1996 series featured an image of the 2-car Bombardier Innovia ART 200 Kelana Jaya line train.

Set No. Innovia Series Status Car Configuration
Set 01 200 In operation 2-car
Set 02 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 03 200 In operation 2-car
Set 04 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 05 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 06 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 07 200 In operation 2-car
Set 08 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 09 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 10 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 11 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 12 200 In operation Refurbished 2-car
Set 13 200 In operation 2-car
Set 14 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 15 200 In operation 2-car
Set 16 200 In operation 2-car
Set 17 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 18 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 19 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 20 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 21 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 22 200 Reconfigured to Set 87 2-car
Set 23 200 In operation 2-car
Set 24 200 In operation 2-car
Set 25 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 26 200 In operation 2-car
Set 27 200 Reconfigured to Set 87 2-car
Set 28 200 In operation 2-car
Set 29 200 In operation 2-car
Set 30 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 31 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 32 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 33 200 In operation Original 2-car
Set 34 200 In operation 2-car
Set 35 200 In operation 2-car
Set 36 200 In operation 4-car
Set 37 200 In operation 4-car
Set 38 200 In operation 4-car
Set 39 200 In operation 4-car
Set 40 200 In operation 4-car
Set 41 200 In operation 4-car
Set 42 200 In operation 4-car
Set 43 200 In operation 4-car
Set 44 200 In operation 4-car
Set 45 200 In operation 4-car
Set 46 200 In operation 4-car
Set 47 200 In operation 4-car
Set 48 200 In operation 4-car
Set 49 200 In operation 4-car
Set 50 200 In operation 4-car
Set 51 200 In operation 4-car
Set 52 200 In operation 4-car
Set 53 200 In operation 4-car
Set 54 200 In operation 4-car
Set 55 200 In operation 4-car
Set 56 200 In operation 4-car
Set 57 200 In operation 4-car
Set 58 200 In operation 4-car
Set 59 200 In operation 4-car
Set 60 200 In operation 4-car
Set 61 200 In operation 4-car
Set 62 200 In operation 4-car
Set 63 200 In operation 4-car
Set 64 200 In operation 4-car
Set 65 200 In operation 4-car
Set 66 200 In operation 4-car
Set 67 200 In operation 4-car
Set 68 200 In operation 4-car
Set 69 200 In operation 4-car
Set 70 200 In operation 4-car
Set 71 300 In operation 4-car
Set 72 300 In operation 4-car
Set 73 300 In operation 4-car
Set 74 300 In operation 4-car
Set 75 300 In operation 4-car
Set 76 300 In operation 4-car
Set 77 300 In operation 4-car
Set 78 300 In operation 4-car
Set 79 300 In operation 4-car
Set 80 300 In operation 4-car
Set 81 300 In operation 4-car
Set 82 300 In operation 4-car
Set 83 300 In operation 4-car
Set 84 300 In operation 4-car
Set 87 200 Undergoing commissioning Refurbished 4-car from Set 22 & Set 27

History[edit]

Construction began in 1994, about the same time as the Ampang Line. The underground tunnels were constructed by Hazama Corporation and Hyundai E&C.[24] The first operation commenced on 1 September 1998 between Subang Depot and Pasar Seni, with phase two, Pasar Seni to Terminal Putra, in 1 June 1999.[25]

In 2002, the line carried its 150 millionth passenger, with an average of 160,000 passengers daily.[26] Today, it carries over 190,000 passengers a day and over 350,000 a day during national events.[27]

The line will undergo a 17 km extension with construction expected to commence in early 2010 through 2012. With 13 new stations to the line, the new terminus will be at Putra Heights, extended from Kelana Jaya.[4]

The Kelana Jaya line was known as PUTRA LRT, "PUTRA" standing for Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik Sdn Bhd, until the company was taken over by its current owner Prasarana Malaysia.

Chronology[edit]

  • 15 February 1994 – Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik Sdn Bhd (PUTRA-LRT) was incorporated.
  • 1 September 1998 – Section 1 from Subang Depot to Pasar Seni commenced operation.
  • 1 June 1999 – Section 2 from Pasar Seni to Terminal PUTRA commenced operation. The new section included Malaysia's first underground railway.
  • 26 April 2002 – Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik Sdn Bhd was wound up by Kuala Lumpur High Court.
  • 1 September 2002 – PUTRA-LRT comes under management of Syarikat Prasarana Negara and renamed Putraline under the first phase of the restructuring of Kuala Lumpur's public transport system. Prasarana also takes over STAR-LRT and is renamed Starline.
  • November 2004 – Operational aspects of the two lines is transferred to the new government-owned Rapid KL under the second phase of the restructuring process. Ownership of their assets remains with Syarikat Prasarana Negara.
  • July 2005 – Name changed from Putraline to Kelana Jaya line. Signage to be changed by 2006.
  • 24 July 2006 – Failure of the back-up computer to kick in caused the line to stop functioning during the evening rush hour. Passengers were trapped in trains and some had to force open doors to get out.
  • 29 August 2006 – Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak announces that this line will be extended from Lembah Subang to Subang Jaya and USJ.
  • 6 October 2006 – A "technical problem" caused a train to stall between Dato Keramat and Damai at 7am, causing a shut-down of the Masjid Jamek-Terminal PUTRA stretch. Normal service restored at 5pm.
  • 13 October 2006 – Prasarana signed an agreement with Bombardier-Hartasuma Consortium (BHC)for the purchase of 22 four-car sets with an option of an additional 13 train sets for RM1.2 billion. Trains were targeted to be delivered in 2008.
  • 12 December 2006 – An accident occurred during a peak hour as a train was approaching Pasar Seni LRT station. The train stopped abruptly as if it hit something. No casualties occurred.
  • 8 October 2007 – Prasarana purchased an additional 13 Advanced Rapid Transit (ART) MK II train sets (52 cars) for 71 million. Delivery was expected in 2010.[28]
  • 27 July 2009 – Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak announced that 35 new four-car trains will be operational by end-2012.[16]
  • 15 September 2009 – Syarikat Prasarana Negara begins a 3-month public display of the proposed alignment of the extension (and the Sri Petaling Line extension) for feedback.[5][6]
  • October 2009 – Test runs for the new four-car trains begin.[29] Passengers were not allowed to board these trains.
  • 30 December 2009 – Three four-car trains officially begin service, while the remaining 32 four-car trains will be gradually introduced into service through April 2011.[30]
  • 24 December 2010 – Sri Rampai opens.
  • 28 November 2011 – Kelana Jaya and Ampang – Sri Petaling Line integrated with a single ticketing system.
  • 2 December 2015 – New fare structure to take effect and the announcement of the new 'Smart 7' Weekly and 'Smart 30' Monthly smart cards[31]
  • 14 April 2016 – It is confirmed that the Kelana Line extension will be fully operating on 30 June 2016. [11]
  • 30 June 2016 – Kelana Jaya line extension starts operations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PRASARANA SETS RM17 BILLION IN ECONOMIC RETURNS FOR 2017 TARGET" [Prasarana Sets RM17 Billion in Economic Returns for 2017 Target]. RapidKL,Malaysia. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Kelana Jaya Line". RapidKL. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Two extra LRT lines being studied". The Star. 21 August 2008. Archived from the original on 24 August 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Thousands to Benefit from LRT Extension Archived 22 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b "New LRT Line Extensions on Display from Tomorrow". The Malaysian Insider. 14 September 2009. Archived from the original on 16 September 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Public May Give Feedback on LRT Extension Project". The New Straits Times. 14 September 2009. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "RM7bn LRT Extension". The Star. 15 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Prasarana awards RM1.7bil jobs for LRT extension". The Star. 27 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Construction Works for LRT Extension Project to Commence". Rapid KL. 11 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-29. 
  11. ^ a b "LRT Kelana Jaya Line Extension Opening As Scheduled On June 30". myRapid. 14 April 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. 
  12. ^ Railway Technology – Kuala Lumpur Driverless Metro System, Malaysia Archived 27 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Prasarana Homepage – Prasarana in RM1.2b deal for 35 LRT trains Archived 20 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ "New trains for Kelana Jaya line will only be usable by Sept 2009". New Straits Times. 4 September 2008. Archived from the original on 6 September 2008. 
  15. ^ Bernama (5 November 2009). "Ong: Six new LRT trains to run next month". The Edge. Archived from the original on 8 November 2009. 
  16. ^ a b "Targets set for the six Key Result Areas". The Star. 28 July 2009. Archived from the original on 31 July 2009. 
  17. ^ "Four-star ride on LRT with longer coaches". The Star. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. 
  18. ^ Nuradzimmah Daim (1 January 2010). "In for a better ride with new four-car coaches". New Straits Times. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Driverless INNOVIA Metro 300 fleet enters service in Kuala Lumpur". Eurotransportmagazine.com. 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2017-05-22. 
  20. ^ "New improved trains brought in for LRT Kelana Jaya line - Community | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. 2016-05-16. Retrieved 2017-05-22. 
  21. ^ "New fleet to increase passenger capacity by 20% on Kelana Jaya line - Community | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2017-05-22. 
  22. ^ "Bombardier consortium delivers first Innovia Metro 300 train for Kuala Lumpur light metro". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2017-05-22. 
  23. ^ "Bombardier and HARTASUMA to Transform Mobility in Kuala Lumpur with 27 Additional INNOVIA Metro 300 trains". 
  24. ^ "Light Railway Transit (LRT) of Kuala Lumpur, Tunnel Work". Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  25. ^ "Schwarcz _2002_ Public Transport in KL - Massachusetts Institute of Technology" (PDF). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. p. 9. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  26. ^ Kelana Jaya line (formerly known as PUTRA line) Archived 14 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  27. ^ "RapidKL Puts Marketing Retail Space on Fast Lane". 9 October 2007. 
  28. ^ "Bombardier - Home". www.bombardier.com. 
  29. ^ "Four-carriage trains provide double capacity". The Malay Mail. 8 October 2009. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. 
  30. ^ "Four-star ride on LRT with longer coaches". The Star. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. 
  31. ^ "Introduces Fare Differentiation Between Cash And Cashless To Encourage Savings". myRapid. 2 November 2015. 

External links[edit]