Puttalam Lagoon

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Puttalam Lagoon
KalpitiyaPeninsula-January2012-01.JPG
Aerial view of the northern-half of the lagoon.
Location Puttalam
Coordinates 08°06′N 79°46′E / 8.100°N 79.767°E / 8.100; 79.767 (Puttalam Lagoon)Coordinates: 08°06′N 79°46′E / 8.100°N 79.767°E / 8.100; 79.767 (Puttalam Lagoon)
Primary inflows Kala Oya
Mi Oya
Basin countries  Sri Lanka
Max. length 28 km (17 mi)
Max. width 12 km (7 mi)
Surface area 327 km2 (126 sq mi)
Average depth 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft)
Max. depth 5 m (16.4 ft)
Surface elevation Sea level
References [1][2]

The Puttalam Lagoon is a large 327 km2 (126 sq mi) lagoon in the Puttalam District, western Sri Lanka.

The lagoon is fed by two rivers, namely the Kala Oya and Mi Oya, discharging at 2.2 m3/s (77.7 cu ft/s) and 8.1 m3/s (286.0 cu ft/s) respectively. It is linked to Mundal Lagoon 15 km (9.3 mi) to the south by a channel. The lagoon's water is brackish to saline.

The lagoon is surrounded by a region containing coconuts, open forests, grasslands and shrublands. The land is used for prawn fishing, salt production, and rice cultivation. The lagoon has extensive mangroves, seagrasses and some salt marshes, attracting a wide variety of anatidae.

Islands[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

A moderate number islands scatter over the lagoon including:

List of islands in the lagoon from north to south
Island Area Location
Ippantivu   08°19′45″N 79°48′16″E / 8.32917°N 79.80444°E / 8.32917; 79.80444 (Ippantivu)
Periya Arichchal   08°18′03″N 79°47′50″E / 8.30083°N 79.79722°E / 8.30083; 79.79722 (Periya Arichchal)
Salliyampiddi   08°17′03″N 79°47′33″E / 8.28417°N 79.79250°E / 8.28417; 79.79250 (Salliyampiddi)
Oddakarentivu   08°16′35″N 79°45′50″E / 8.27639°N 79.76389°E / 8.27639; 79.76389 (Oddakarentivu)
Sinna Erumativu   08°16′28″N 79°46′21″E / 8.27444°N 79.77250°E / 8.27444; 79.77250 (Sinna Erumativu)
Erumativu   08°16′04″N 79°46′45″E / 8.26778°N 79.77917°E / 8.26778; 79.77917 (Erumativu)
Pambativu   08°14′42″N 79°46′33″E / 8.24500°N 79.77583°E / 8.24500; 79.77583 (Pambativu)
Kilitivu   08°14′27″N 79°46′52″E / 8.24083°N 79.78111°E / 8.24083; 79.78111 (Kilitivu)
Neduntivu   08°14′06″N 79°46′45″E / 8.23500°N 79.77917°E / 8.23500; 79.77917 (Neduntivu)
Mattutivu   08°13′01″N 79°46′59″E / 8.21694°N 79.78306°E / 8.21694; 79.78306 (Mattutivu)
Ambantattivu   08°12′42″N 79°45′58″E / 8.21167°N 79.76611°E / 8.21167; 79.76611 (Ambantattivu)
Pullupiddi   08°11′20″N 79°46′40″E / 8.18889°N 79.77778°E / 8.18889; 79.77778 (Pullupiddi)
Somativu   08°10′45″N 79°45′22″E / 8.17917°N 79.75611°E / 8.17917; 79.75611 (Somativu)
Maripututivu   08°10′33″N 79°44′59″E / 8.17583°N 79.74972°E / 8.17583; 79.74972 (Maripututivu)
Kakativu   08°10′26″N 79°45′22″E / 8.17389°N 79.75611°E / 8.17389; 79.75611 (Kakativu)
Udayirputi   08°09′52″N 79°48′37″E / 8.16444°N 79.81028°E / 8.16444; 79.81028 (Udayirputi)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Management of coastal resources in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka (PDF), retrieved 2010-07-02 
  2. ^ S.W. Kotagama; Leonard Pinto; Jayampathi L. Samarakoon, Wetlands of Sri Lanka (PDF), Wetlands International, pp. 52, 53, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-16, retrieved 2010-07-02