Puya (plant)

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Puya berteroana.jpg
Puya berteroniana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Pitcairnioideae
Genus: Puya

See text

Puya is a genus of the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Pitcairnioideae. These terrestrial plants are native to the Andes Mountains of South America and southern Central America. Many of the species are monocarpic, with the parent plant dying after one flower and seed production event.

The species Puya raimondii is notable as the largest species of bromeliad known, reaching 3 m tall in vegetative growth with a flower spike 9–10 m tall. The other species are also large, with the flower spikes mostly reaching 1–4 m tall.

The name Puya was derived from the Mapuche Indian word meaning "point".

The genus is commonly divided into two subgenera, Puya, containing eight species, and Puyopsis containing the remainder. The subgenera can be distinguished by the presence of a sterile inflorescence at the branch apex in Puya, which are fertile in Puyopsis.[1]


Puya goudotiana, Páramo of Guasca, Colombia

Cultivation and use[edit]

Some species of Puya in Chile, locally known as chagual, are used to make salads from the base of its young leaveso or stem. A common species is Puya chilensis.


  1. ^ Hornung-Leoni, Claudia; Sosa, Victoria (2008). "Morphological phylogenetics of Puya subgenus Puya (Bromeliaceae)" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 156: 93–110. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00740.x. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Janeba, Zlatko (2017). "A New Species of Puya (Bromeliaceae) from Coastal Peru". Cactus and Succulent Journal. 89: 176–184. 

External links[edit]