From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
15th-century house in Puycelsi
15th-century house in Puycelsi
Coat of arms of Puycelsi
Location of Puycelsi
Puycelsi is located in France
Puycelsi is located in Occitanie
Coordinates: 43°59′38″N 1°42′39″E / 43.9939°N 1.7108°E / 43.9939; 1.7108Coordinates: 43°59′38″N 1°42′39″E / 43.9939°N 1.7108°E / 43.9939; 1.7108
CantonVignobles et Bastides
IntercommunalityCA Gaillac-Graulhet
 • Mayor (2022–2026) Jacques Vigouroux[1]
39.2 km2 (15.1 sq mi)
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
81217 /81140
Elevation132–367 m (433–1,204 ft)
(avg. 280 m or 920 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Puycelsi (French pronunciation: ​[pɥisɛlsi], before 2011: Puycelci; Occitan: Puègcèlsi)[3] is a commune in the Tarn department in southern France.

It is a member of the Les Plus Beaux Villages de France ("The Most Beautiful Villages of France") association. It had 449 inhabitants in 2017.[4]


The name of "Puycelci", or "Puycelsi" comes from the Celtic "Celto Dun", a wooden fortress built on a hill, or oppidum, later transformed into "Podium Celsium" by the Romans.


The village itself was founded in a location close to the ancient prehistoric site by Benedictine Monks from the Aurillac Abbey in the 10th century. It stands high above the right bank of the Vère, which flows northwestward through the commune.

The first castle was dismantled after the Treaty of Meaux-Paris, in 1229, but the village remained a stronghold. Though it was besieged several times in the 13th and 14th centuries, it was reportedly never taken by force.

Until the First World War, the village was quite prosperous, with a population of nearly 2,000 in 1830. Almost abandoned in the 1950s, it has since been restored by its inhabitants and is now listed among the “Most Beautiful Villages of France”.

Puycelsi is featured in the 2016 BBC/France Télévisions wildlife film Wild Tales from the Village.

Notable buildings[edit]

Renaissance House
  • the 14th century ramparts, and the Irissou Gate with its double defensive system
  • the St-Roch Chapel, built in 1703
  • the 15th-century castle
  • 15th-and-16th-century houses, including the town hall
  • the 14th-15th-century St-Corneille Church, with classified well-preserved ancient furniture


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 535—    
1975 480−1.54%
1982 442−1.17%
1990 453+0.31%
1999 495+0.99%
2007 491−0.10%
2012 474−0.70%
2017 449−1.08%
Source: INSEE[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Décret n° 2011-311 22 March 2011 (in French)
  4. ^ a b Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External links[edit]